Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice of Diabetes in Rural Bangladesh: The Bangladesh Population Based Diabetes and Eye Study (BPDES)

Article


Islam, Fakir M. Amirul, Chakrabarti, Rahul, Dirani, Mohamed, Islam, M. Tauhidul, Ormsby, Gail, Wahab, Mohamed, Critchley, Christine and Finger, Robert P.. 2014. "Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice of Diabetes in Rural Bangladesh: The Bangladesh Population Based Diabetes and Eye Study (BPDES)." PLoS One. 9 (10), pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0110368
Article Title

Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice of Diabetes in Rural Bangladesh: The Bangladesh Population Based Diabetes and Eye Study (BPDES)

ERA Journal ID39745
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsIslam, Fakir M. Amirul, Chakrabarti, Rahul, Dirani, Mohamed, Islam, M. Tauhidul, Ormsby, Gail, Wahab, Mohamed, Critchley, Christine and Finger, Robert P.
Journal TitlePLoS One
Journal Citation9 (10), pp. 1-11
Article Numbere110368
Number of Pages11
Year2014
PublisherPublic Library of Science (PLoS)
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN1932-6203
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0110368
Web Address (URL)https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0110368
Abstract

Background: To assess the Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice (KAP) amongst the general community regarding type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) in rural Bangladesh.

Methods: Data was collected using cluster random sampling from 3104 adults residing in a rural district in Bangladesh. Participants underwent a KAP questionnaire survey regarding assessing diabetes, socio-demographic and medical history. Descriptive, Chi-square and regression analyses were performed.

Results: Participants were aged between 30 and 89 years (M = 51, SD = 11.8) and 65.5% were female. The prevalence of diabetes was found to be 8.3%. The majority (93%) reported to have heard of diabetes, yet only 4% knew what a glucose tolerance test was. Only 50% reported that they knew physical inactivity was a risk factor. Age, gender, level of education and socio-economic status (SES) were significantly associated with KAP. A lower proportion (41%) of older participants (aged ≥65 years) reported that they knew that dietary modifications assist in diabetes control compared to those aged less than 35 years (69%), p≤0.001. Males (β = 0.393, 95% CI = 0.142-0.643), and any level of education compared to no schooling (β = 0.726, 95% CI = 0.596, 0.857) reported significantly more knowledge, after multivariate adjustments for covariates. Participants aged under 35 years, (odds ratio (OR) = 1.73, 95% CI = 1.22-2.43) had significantly higher positive attitudes towards treatments of diabetes compared to those aged ≥65 years. Of the 99 people with known diabetes, more than 50% (n = 52) never had their blood sugar levels checked since diagnosis.

Conclusions: Knowledge of diabetes and its risk factors is very limited in rural Bangladesh, even in persons diagnosed with type 2 DM. The development of public health programmes to increase knowledge of diabetes and its complications is required to assist people living in rural Bangladesh to control and management of diabetes.

KeywordsAdult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Bangladesh; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2; Female; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Risk Factors; Rural Population; Surveys and Questionnaires
Byline AffiliationsSwinburne University of Technology
Organisation for Rural Community Development, Bangladesh
University of Melbourne
Avondale College of Higher Education, Australia
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