Bullied Because of Their Teeth: Evidence from a Longitudinal Study on the Impact of Oral Health on Bullying Victimization among Australian Indigenous Children

Article


Islam, Md Irteja, Chadwick, Verity, Esgin, Tuguy and Martiniuk, Alexandra. "Bullied Because of Their Teeth: Evidence from a Longitudinal Study on the Impact of Oral Health on Bullying Victimization among Australian Indigenous Children ." International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 19 (9). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19094995
Article Title

Bullied Because of Their Teeth: Evidence from a Longitudinal Study on the Impact of Oral Health on Bullying Victimization among Australian Indigenous Children

ERA Journal ID44293
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsIslam, Md Irteja, Chadwick, Verity, Esgin, Tuguy and Martiniuk, Alexandra
Journal TitleInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Journal Citation19 (9)
Article Number4995
Number of Pages16
PublisherMDPI AG
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
ISSN1660-4601
1661-7827
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19094995
Web Address (URL)https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/19/9/4995
Abstract

Making life better for Indigenous peoples is a global priority. Although bullying and oral health have always been a topic of concern, there is limited information regarding the impact of this problem on the general population, with no evidence in this regard among the Australian Indigenous population. Thus, we aimed to quantify the relationship between bullying victimization and oral health problems by remoteness among 766 Australian Indigenous children aged between 10–15-years using data from the LSIC study. Bivariate and multilevel mixed-effect logistic regression analyses were employed. Findings indicated children self-reported bullying more than parents reported their children were being bullied (44% vs. 33.6%), with a higher percentage from rural/remote areas than urban areas. Parents reported that oral health problems increased the probability (OR 2.20, p < 0.05) of being bullied, in Indigenous children living in urban areas. Racial discrimination, lower level of parental education and poor child oral hygiene increase the risk of bullying victimization. Parental happiness with life and a safe community were associated with a lower risk of bullying. Dental problems are linked with Australian Indigenous children experiencing bullying victimization. Cultural resilience and eliminating discrimination may be two modifiable paths to ameliorating health issues associated with bullying in the Australian Indigenous community.

KeywordsAustralia; bullying; children; indigenous; oral health
ANZSRC Field of Research 20204299. Other health sciences
PubMed ID35564388
FunderNational Health and Medical Research Council
Byline AffiliationsCentre for Health Research
University of Sydney
School of Business
Royal North Shore Hospital, Australia
Edith Cowan University
University of New South Wales
George Institute for Global Health, Australia
University of Toronto, Canada
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