Effects of farming systems, tillage, and traffic practices on deep drainage and soil salt loads in the Queensland Murray-Darling and Fitzroy Basins using soil chloride

Article


Silburn, D. M., Tolmie, P. E., Biggs, A. J. W. and Crawford, M. H.. 2022. "Effects of farming systems, tillage, and traffic practices on deep drainage and soil salt loads in the Queensland Murray-Darling and Fitzroy Basins using soil chloride." Soil Research. 60 (3), pp. 262-278. https://doi.org/10.1071/SR21084
Article Title

Effects of farming systems, tillage, and traffic practices on deep drainage and soil salt loads in the Queensland Murray-Darling and Fitzroy Basins using soil chloride

ERA Journal ID5248
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsSilburn, D. M., Tolmie, P. E., Biggs, A. J. W. and Crawford, M. H.
Journal TitleSoil Research
Journal Citation60 (3), pp. 262-278
Number of Pages17
Year2022
PublisherCSIRO Publishing
Place of PublicationAustralia
ISSN0004-9573
1446-568X
1838-675X
1838-6768
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1071/SR21084
Web Address (URL)https://www.publish.csiro.au/sr/content/allissues
Abstract

Context: Cropping in the Queensland Murray–Darling and Fitzroy Basins has precursors for secondary salinity – high soil salt loads and increased drainage after clearing.

Aims: To measure changes in deep drainage, for key tillage, traffic, and cropping systems.

Methods: Steady-state and transient chloride (Cl) mass-balance were applied to Cl profiles from four tillage and crop rotation trials and one controlled traffic trial in southern and central Queensland, to determine deep drainage below the root zone.

Key results: Large downward movement of Cl occurred after clearing. Deep drainage from transient Cl balance for cropping was a small proportion of rainfall but considerably higher than under native vegetation. Deep drainage was consistently greater under zero than conventional tillage, for both winter and summer cropping. For example, deep drainage was greatest for zero tillage (∼45 mm/year) and least for conventional, stubble mulch, and reduced tillage (2–6.3 mm/year) at the highest-rainfall site (677 mm/year). Deep drainage was 12.7 and 7.9 mm/year for zero and conventional tillage, respectively, at the lowest-rainfall site (497 mm/year). Drainage under continuous wheat conventional tillage was more than twice that where some summer crops were included. At Billa Billa, continuous wheat had greater deep drainage by three to five times than continuous sorghum for three of four tillage systems. No drainage was detected during 6 years of opportunity cropping. A pasture legume ley had only 1.7 mm/year of deep drainage. Deep drainage was less for compacted than non-compacted treatments (23.3 vs 38.2 mm/year).

Conclusion and implications: Increased deep drainage with zero tillage and controlled traffic can be reduced using summer crops, particularly opportunity cropping where crops are planted when soil water is sufficient, and ley pastures.

Keywordssteady-state mass-balance; compaction; cracking clay; dryland salinity; native vegetation; opportunity cropping; Vertosols; transient mass-balance
Byline AffiliationsDepartment of Natural Resources and Mines, Queensland
Centre for Agricultural Engineering
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia
University of Queensland
Permalink -

https://research.usq.edu.au/item/z02v9/effects-of-farming-systems-tillage-and-traffic-practices-on-deep-drainage-and-soil-salt-loads-in-the-queensland-murray-darling-and-fitzroy-basins-using-soil-chloride

Download files


Published Version
SR21084.pdf
License: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
File access level: Anyone

  • 14
    total views
  • 7
    total downloads
  • 2
    views this month
  • 1
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Direct comparison of runoff of residual and knockdown herbicides in sugarcane using a rainfall simulator finds large difference in runoff losses and toxicity relative to diuron
Silburn, D. Mark, Fillols, Emilie, Rojas-Ponce, Samuel, Lewis, Steve and McHugh, A.D.. 2023. "Direct comparison of runoff of residual and knockdown herbicides in sugarcane using a rainfall simulator finds large difference in runoff losses and toxicity relative to diuron." Science of the Total Environment. 863. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.160976
Pesticide extraction from soil into runoff under a rainfall simulator
Silburn, D. Mark. 2023. "Pesticide extraction from soil into runoff under a rainfall simulator." Soil Research. 61 (5), pp. 468-483. https://doi.org/10.1071/SR22115
Incorporating solution alkalinity into a hydraulic reduction model to account for disaggregation and dispersion
Ali, Aram, Bennett, John McL., Biggs, Andrew J. W. and Marchuk, Alla. 2022. "Incorporating solution alkalinity into a hydraulic reduction model to account for disaggregation and dispersion." Geoderma. 413, pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2022.115742
Fertiliser management effects on dissolved inorganic nitrogen in runoff from Australian sugarcane farms
Fraser, Grant, Rohde, Ken and Silburn, Mark. 2017. "Fertiliser management effects on dissolved inorganic nitrogen in runoff from Australian sugarcane farms." Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 189 (8), pp. 1-20. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-017-6115-z
Impacts of sugarcane (Saccharum sp.) soil and fertiliser management practices on nutrients and sediment in plot-scale runoff from simulated rainfall
Melland, A.R., Bosomworth, B., Cook, F.J., Silburn, D.M. and Eyles, M.. 2022. "Impacts of sugarcane (Saccharum sp.) soil and fertiliser management practices on nutrients and sediment in plot-scale runoff from simulated rainfall." Soil and Tillage Research. 216. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2021.105259
Assessing the hydraulic reduction performance of HYDRUS-1D for application of alkaline irrigation in variably-saturated soils: Validation of pH driven hydraulic reduction scaling factors
Ali, Aram, Bennett, John McL, Biggs, Andrew A. J., Marchuk, Alla and Ghahramani, Afshin. 2021. "Assessing the hydraulic reduction performance of HYDRUS-1D for application of alkaline irrigation in variably-saturated soils: Validation of pH driven hydraulic reduction scaling factors." Agricultural Water Management. 256, pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2021.107101
Impact of irrigation wastewater pH on saturated hydraulic conductivity of acidic, neutral, and alkaline Kaolinitic soils
Ali, Aram, Bennett, John McL, Marchuk, Alla and Biggs, Andrew. 2018. "Impact of irrigation wastewater pH on saturated hydraulic conductivity of acidic, neutral, and alkaline Kaolinitic soils." Hulugalle, Nilantha, Biswas, Tapas, Greene, Richard and Bacon, Peter (ed.) 2018 National Soil Science Conference. Canberra, Australia 18 - 23 Nov 2018 Bridgewater, SA, Australia.
Development of a soil specific function for scaling hydraulic conductivity reduction using alkaline irrigation water in HYDRUS model
Ali, Aram, Bennett, John McL, Biggs, Andrew J. W. and Simunek, Jirka. 2021. "Development of a soil specific function for scaling hydraulic conductivity reduction using alkaline irrigation water in HYDRUS model." 2021 Joint Australia and New Zealand Soil Science Conference. Cairns, Australia 27 Jun - 02 Jul 2021
Solutes in runoff under simulated rainfall on fertilised sugarcane (Saccharum sp.) beds: measurements and results
Cook, F. J., Bosomworth, B., Melland, A. R., Silburn, D. M. and Eyles, M.. 2021. "Solutes in runoff under simulated rainfall on fertilised sugarcane (Saccharum sp.) beds: measurements and results." Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 313. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2021.107343
A pragmatic parameterisation and calibration approach to model hydrology and water quality of agricultural landscapes and catchments
Ghahramani, Afshin, Freebairn, David M., Sena, Dipaka R., Cutajar, Justin L. and Silburn, David M.. 2020. "A pragmatic parameterisation and calibration approach to model hydrology and water quality of agricultural landscapes and catchments." Environmental Modelling and Software. 130. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2020.104733
Effect of irrigation water pH on saturated hydraulic conductivity and electrokinetic properties of acidic, neutral, and alkaline soils
Ali, Aram, Biggs, Andrew J. W., Marchuk, Alla and Bennett, John McL.. 2019. "Effect of irrigation water pH on saturated hydraulic conductivity and electrokinetic properties of acidic, neutral, and alkaline soils." Soil Science Society of America Journal. 83 (6), pp. 1672-1682. https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2019.04.0123
A pH-based pedotransfer function for scaling saturated hydraulic conductivity reduction: improved estimation of hydraulic dynamics in HYDRUS
Ali, Aram, Biggs, Andrew J. W., Simunek, Jirka and Bennett, John McL.. 2019. "A pH-based pedotransfer function for scaling saturated hydraulic conductivity reduction: improved estimation of hydraulic dynamics in HYDRUS." Vadose Zone Journal. 18 (1), pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.2136/vzj2019.07.0072
Validating laboratory assessment of threshold electrolyte concentration for fields irrigated with marginal quality saline-sodic water
Dang, A., Bennett, J. McL., Marchuk, A., Marchuk, S., Biggs, A. J. W. and Raine, S. R.. 2018. "Validating laboratory assessment of threshold electrolyte concentration for fields irrigated with marginal quality saline-sodic water." Agricultural Water Management. 205, pp. 21-29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2018.04.037
Quantifying the aggregation-dispersion boundary condition in terms of saturated hydraulic conductivity reduction and the threshold electrolyte concentration
Dang, A., Bennett, J. McL., Marchuk, Alla, Biggs, Andrew and Raine, Steven. 2018. "Quantifying the aggregation-dispersion boundary condition in terms of saturated hydraulic conductivity reduction and the threshold electrolyte concentration." Agricultural Water Management. 203, pp. 172-178. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2018.03.005
Towards incorporation of potassium into the disaggregation model for determination of soil-specific threshold electrolyte concentration
Dang, A., Bennett, J. M., Marchuk, A., Marchuk, S., Biggs, A. J. W. and Raine, S. R.. 2018. "Towards incorporation of potassium into the disaggregation model for determination of soil-specific threshold electrolyte concentration." Soil Research. 56 (7), pp. 664-674. https://doi.org/10.1071/SR17305
Evaluating dispersive potential to identify the threshold electrolyte concentration in non-dispersive soils
Dang, A., Bennett, J., Marchuk, A., Biggs, A. and Raine, S.. 2018. "Evaluating dispersive potential to identify the threshold electrolyte concentration in non-dispersive soils." Soil Research. 56 (6), pp. 549-559. https://doi.org/10.1071/SR17304
Spot spraying reduces herbicide concentrations in runoff
Melland, Alice R., Silburn, D. Mark, McHugh, Allen D., Fillols, Emilie, Rojas-Ponce, Samuel, Baillie, Craig and Lewis, Stephen. 2016. "Spot spraying reduces herbicide concentrations in runoff." Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 64 (20), pp. 4009-4020. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.5b03688
Washoff of residual photosystem II herbicides from sugar cane trash under a rainfall simulator
Dang, Aaditi, Silburn, Mark, Craig, Ian, Shaw, Melanie and Foley, Jenny. 2016. "Washoff of residual photosystem II herbicides from sugar cane trash under a rainfall simulator." Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 64 (20), pp. 3967-3974. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.5b04717
Deep drainage estimates for irrigated crop rotations in subhumid, subtropical Australia
Kodur, S., Robinson, J. B., Foley, J. L. and Silburn, D. M.. 2014. "Deep drainage estimates for irrigated crop rotations in subhumid, subtropical Australia." Irrigation and Drainage. 63 (5), pp. 692-697. https://doi.org/10.1002/ird.1872
Soil-hydrological responses to rainfall variation in a subtropical Australian landscape
Kodur, S., Robinson, J. B., Foley, J. L. and Silburn, D. M.. 2015. "Soil-hydrological responses to rainfall variation in a subtropical Australian landscape." Irrigation and Drainage. 64 (5), pp. 694-702. https://doi.org/10.1002/ird.1946
Using stable isotopes to identify soil moisture sources of key species in riparian woodlands of the northern Murray-Darling Basin
Reardon-Smith, K. M., Le Brocque, A. F., Hollins, S. and Silburn, D. M.. 2011. "Using stable isotopes to identify soil moisture sources of key species in riparian woodlands of the northern Murray-Darling Basin." 11th Australasian Environmental Isotope Conference. Cairns, Australia 12 - 14 Jul 2011 Adelaide, Australia.
The Australian cotton industry and four decades of deep drainage research: a review
Silburn, D. M., Foley, J. L., Biggs, A. J. W., Montgomery, Janelle and Gunawardena, T. A.. 2013. "The Australian cotton industry and four decades of deep drainage research: a review." Crop and Pasture Science. 64 (12), pp. 1049-1075. https://doi.org/10.1071/CP13239
The hydrogeology of the Condamine River alluvial aquifer, Australia: a critical assessment
Dafny, Elad and Silburn, D. Mark. 2014. "The hydrogeology of the Condamine River alluvial aquifer, Australia: a critical assessment." Hydrogeology Journal. 22 (3), pp. 705-727. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-013-1075-z
The hydrogeology of the Condamine River alluvial aquifer (Australia) – a critical review
Dafny, Elad and Silburn, Mark D.. 2013. The hydrogeology of the Condamine River alluvial aquifer (Australia) – a critical review. Toowoomba, Australia. University of Southern Queensland.
Testing two simple pesticide runoff models in Northern Australian agriculture
Anzooman, M, Silburn, DM, Waters, D and Craig Ian. 2013. "Testing two simple pesticide runoff models in Northern Australian agriculture ." 20th International Congress on Modelling and Simulation (MODSIM2013). Adelaide, Australia 01 - 06 Dec 2013 Australia. Modelling and Simulation Society of Australia and New Zealand . pp. 3211-3217
Using stable isotopes to identify soil moisture sources of key species in drought-stressed riparian woodlands
Reardon-Smith, Kate, Le Brocque, Andy, Hollins, Suzanne and Silburn, Mark. 2011. "Using stable isotopes to identify soil moisture sources of key species in drought-stressed riparian woodlands." 2011 Conference of the Ecological Society of Australia (ESA 2011). Hobart, Australia 21 - 25 Nov 2011 Australia. Ecological Society of Australia.