Thermoelectrics and thermocells for fire warning applications

Article


Ding, Zhaofu, Du, Chunyu, Long, Wujian, Cao, Cheng-Fei, Liang, Lirong, Tang, Long-Cheng and Chen, Guangming. 2023. "Thermoelectrics and thermocells for fire warning applications." Science Bulletin. 68 (24), pp. 3261-3277. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scib.2023.08.057
Article Title

Thermoelectrics and thermocells for fire warning applications

Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsDing, Zhaofu, Du, Chunyu, Long, Wujian, Cao, Cheng-Fei, Liang, Lirong, Tang, Long-Cheng and Chen, Guangming
Journal TitleScience Bulletin
Journal Citation68 (24), pp. 3261-3277
Number of Pages17
Year2023
PublisherElsevier
Zhongguo Kexue Zazhishe, Science in China Press
Place of PublicationChina
ISSN2095-9281
2095-9273
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scib.2023.08.057
Web Address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2095927323006138
AbstractHistorically, fire disasters have killed numerous human lives, and caused tremendous property loss. Fire warning systems play a vital role in predicting fire risks, and are strongly desired to effectively prevent the disaster occurrence and significantly reduce the loss. Among the developed fire warning systems, thermoelectrics (TEs) and thermocells (TECs)-based fire warning materials are extremely important and indispensable in future research, owing to their unique capability of direct conversion between heat and electricity. Here, we present this review of the recent progress of TEs and TECs in fire warning field. Firstly, a brief introduction of existing fire warning systems is provided, including the mechanisms and features of various types. Then, the mechanisms of electronic TE (eTE), ionic TE (iTE) and TEC are elucidated. Next, the basic principles for the material preparation and device fabrication are discussed in their dimension sequence. Subsequently, some important advances or examples of TE fire warnings are highlighted in details. Finally, the challenges and prospects are outlooked.
KeywordsFire warning; Self-powered; Thermocell; Thermoelectrics
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020401602. Composite and hybrid materials
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Byline AffiliationsShenzhen University, China
Centre for Future Materials
Hangzhou Normal University, China
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