Development of complex executive function over childhood: Longitudinal growth curve modeling of performance on the Groton Maze Learning Task

Article


McGuckian, Thomas B., Wilson, Peter H., Johnston, Rich D., Rahimi-Golkhandan, Shahin, Piek, Jan, Green, Dido, Rogers, Jeffrey M., Maruff, Paul, Steenbergen, Bert and Ruddock, Scott. 2023. "Development of complex executive function over childhood: Longitudinal growth curve modeling of performance on the Groton Maze Learning Task." Child Development. 94 (3), pp. 648-658. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13888
Article Title

Development of complex executive function over childhood: Longitudinal growth curve modeling of performance on the Groton Maze Learning Task

ERA Journal ID6174
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsMcGuckian, Thomas B., Wilson, Peter H., Johnston, Rich D., Rahimi-Golkhandan, Shahin, Piek, Jan, Green, Dido, Rogers, Jeffrey M., Maruff, Paul, Steenbergen, Bert and Ruddock, Scott
Journal TitleChild Development
Journal Citation94 (3), pp. 648-658
Number of Pages11
Year2023
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN0009-3920
1467-8624
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13888
Web Address (URL)https://srcd.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cdev.13888
AbstractThis longitudinal study modeled children's complex executive function (EF) development using the Groton Maze Learning Task (GMLT). Using a cohort-sequential design, 147 children (61 males, 5.5–11 years) were recruited from six multicultural primary schools in Melbourne and Perth, Australia. Race/ethnicity data were not available. Children were assessed on the GMLT at 6-month intervals over 2-years between 2010 and 2012. Growth curve models describe age-related change from 5.5 to 12.5 years old. Results showed a quadratic growth trajectory on each measure of error—that is, those that reflect visuospatial memory, executive control (or the ability to apply rules for action), and complex EF. The ability to apply rules for action, while a rate-limiting factor in complex EF, develops rapidly over early-to-mid childhood.
Keywordschildhood; Longitudinal growth; Groton Maze Learning Task; executive function
ANZSRC Field of Research 20205299. Other psychology
Byline AffiliationsAustralian Catholic University
Leeds Beckett University, United Kingdom
School of Psychology and Wellbeing
Curtin University
Jönköping University, Sweden
Brunel University, United Kingdom
University of Sydney
University of Melbourne
Radboud University, Netherlands
La Trobe University
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