How uniform is the structure of ability across childhood?

Article


Dyck, Murray J., Piek, Jan P., Kane, Robert and Patrick, Jeff. 2009. "How uniform is the structure of ability across childhood?" European Journal of Developmental Psychology. 6 (4), pp. 432-454. https://doi.org/10.1080/17405620701439820
Article Title

How uniform is the structure of ability across childhood?

ERA Journal ID41593
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsDyck, Murray J. (Author), Piek, Jan P. (Author), Kane, Robert (Author) and Patrick, Jeff (Author)
Journal TitleEuropean Journal of Developmental Psychology
Journal Citation6 (4), pp. 432-454
Number of Pages23
Year2009
Place of PublicationHove, UK
ISSN1740-5610
1740-5629
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/17405620701439820
Web Address (URL)http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/17405620701439820
Abstract

The DSM-IV implicitly assumes that development is uniform across ability domains, which implies that relationships between ability measures do not differ across development. We assessed whether correlations between measures of nine ability constructs differed across samples of children aged 3 – 5 (n = 117), 6 – 8 (n = 116), 9 – 11 (n = 124) and 12 – 14 years (n = 92). LISREL analyses show that correlations in each age group differ from those of each other age group. Parallel analyses indicate that the latent structure of ability differs across age groups. We conclude that shared maturational processes, including changes in the connectivity of neural systems, are responsible for decreasingly and increasingly strong relationships between some ability measures.

Keywordschild development; neural systems; testing; age groups
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020520203. Cognitive neuroscience
520199. Applied and developmental psychology not elsewhere classified
520105. Psychological methodology, design and analysis
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Byline AffiliationsGriffith University
Curtin University of Technology
Faculty of Sciences
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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