The impact of cultural similarity and level of acquaintance on personality

Paper


Gill, Davinder and Patrick, Jeff. 2006. "The impact of cultural similarity and level of acquaintance on personality." Katsikitis, Mary (ed.) Psychology Bridging the Tasman: Science, Culture and Practice 2006. Auckland, New Zealand 26 - 30 Sep 2006 Melbourne, Australia.
Paper/Presentation Title

The impact of cultural similarity and level of acquaintance on personality

Presentation TypePaper
AuthorsGill, Davinder (Author) and Patrick, Jeff (Author)
EditorsKatsikitis, Mary
Journal or Proceedings TitleProceedings of the 2006 Joint Conference of the Australian Psychological Society and the New Zealand Psychological Society
Number of Pages5
Year2006
Place of PublicationMelbourne, Australia
ISBN0909881308
Web Address (URL) of Paperhttp://www.psychology.org.au/publications/conference_proceedings/
Conference/EventPsychology Bridging the Tasman: Science, Culture and Practice 2006
Event Details
Psychology Bridging the Tasman: Science, Culture and Practice 2006
Event Date
26 to end of 30 Sep 2006
Event Location
Auckland, New Zealand
Abstract

The aim of this study was to ascertain whether people’s personality appeared to change depending on how well they knew other people they were interacting with, and whether those persons were from the same culture or not. This is a challenging question for two reasons. Personality is relatively stable by its nature, and the relationship between social context and personality is not at all well understood. Until recently studies in this area have used a relatively static model of personality. Recent research in this area is moving toward a more dynamic model to explain how personality and social context may interact with each other. Ninety-two participants took part in the study. The protocol utilized a within-subject experimental design where participants were asked to rate the personality of someone they knew well, in a number of different social situations. The results indicated that people appeared to be more self-disclosing, displayed more power-seeking behaviour, and were more empathic to others who were culturally similar. People also trusted their friends and family more, and were more self-conscious with strangers. While culture similarity and level of acquaintance did affect personality at least to some degree, they did not appear to interact.

Keywordsculture; personality; interpersonal communication; body language
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020529999. Other psychology not elsewhere classified
470207. Cultural theory
520599. Social and personality psychology not elsewhere classified
Public Notes

Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.

Byline AffiliationsDepartment of Psychology
Permalink -

https://research.usq.edu.au/item/9y393/the-impact-of-cultural-similarity-and-level-of-acquaintance-on-personality

Download files


Other Documentation
AntiracismMelancholiaAPS.pdf
File access level: Anyone

  • 2184
    total views
  • 490
    total downloads
  • 6
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Maximising retention of nurses: Australian evidence
Hannigan, Delphine, Patrick, Jeff and Machin, Anthony. 2016. Maximising retention of nurses: Australian evidence. United States. Chamber & Row.
A prospective longitudinal study of the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder resulting from childbirth events
Alcorn, K. L., O'Donovan, A., Patrick, J. C., Creedy, D. and Devilly, G. J.. 2010. "A prospective longitudinal study of the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder resulting from childbirth events." Psychological Medicine. 40 (11), pp. 1849-1859. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291709992224
Developing and implementing an action-oriented staff survey: Queensland Health and the 'Better Workplaces' initiative
Jury, Ceri, Machin, M. Anthony, Phillips, Jan, Goh, Hong Eng, Olsen, Shaney P. and Patrick, Jeff. 2009. "Developing and implementing an action-oriented staff survey: Queensland Health and the 'Better Workplaces' initiative." Australian Health Review. 33 (3), pp. 365-370. https://doi.org/10.1071/AH090365
The relevance of community sentiments to Australian rural youths' intention to stay in their home communities
Pretty, Grace, Bramston, Paul, Patrick, Jeff and Pannach, Wendy. 2006. "The relevance of community sentiments to Australian rural youths' intention to stay in their home communities ." American Behavioral Scientist. 50 (2), pp. 226-240. https://doi.org/10.1177/0002764206290636
The economic value of psychology in Australia: 2001
Patrick, Jeff. 2005. "The economic value of psychology in Australia: 2001." Australian Psychologist. 40 (3), pp. 149-158. https://doi.org/10.1080/00050060500243459
How uniform is the structure of ability across childhood?
Dyck, Murray J., Piek, Jan P., Kane, Robert and Patrick, Jeff. 2009. "How uniform is the structure of ability across childhood?" European Journal of Developmental Psychology. 6 (4), pp. 432-454. https://doi.org/10.1080/17405620701439820
Depression anxiety stress scale: is it valid for children and adolescents?
Patrick, Jeff, Dyck, Murray and Bramston, Paul. 2010. "Depression anxiety stress scale: is it valid for children and adolescents?" Journal of Clinical Psychology. 66 (9), pp. 996-1007. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.20696
Establishing links between organizational climate, employee well-being and historical patient outcomes
Machin, T., Goh, H. E., Patrick, J. and Jury, C.. 2010. "Establishing links between organizational climate, employee well-being and historical patient outcomes." Mrowinski, Vicky, Kyrios, Michael and Voudouris, Nicholas (ed.) 27th International Congress of Applied Psychology (ICAP 2010). Melbourne, Australia 11 - 16 Jul 2010 Melbourne, Australia.
Are 'magnet' principles relevant in an Australian setting?
Hannigan, Delphine J. and Patrick, Jeff. 2009. "Are 'magnet' principles relevant in an Australian setting?" Langford, Peter H., Reynolds, Nicholas J. and Kehoe, James E. (ed.) 8th Industrial and Organisational Psychology Conference (IOP 2009): Meeting the Future: Promoting Sustainable Organisational Growth. Sydney, Australia 25 - 28 Jun 2009 Melbourne, Australia.
Predicting absenteeism and turnover intentions in the health professions
Albion, Majella J., Fogarty, Gerard J., Machin, M. Anthony and Patrick, Jeff. 2008. "Predicting absenteeism and turnover intentions in the health professions." Australian Health Review. 32 (2), pp. 271-281. https://doi.org/10.1071/AH080271
Attributes of immediate supervisor in promoting trust with employees in a public sector organisation
Goh, Hong Eng, Machin, M. Anthony and Patrick, Jeff. 2007. "Attributes of immediate supervisor in promoting trust with employees in a public sector organisation." Dollard, M., Winefield, T., Tuckey, M. and Winwood, P. (ed.) 7th Industrial & Organisational Psychology Conference and 1st Asia Pacific Congress on Work and Organisational Psychology. Adelaide, Australia 28 Jun - 01 Jul 2007 Melbourne, Australia.
Rural adolescents experiencing an urban transition
Bramston, Paul and Patrick, Jeff. 2007. "Rural adolescents experiencing an urban transition." Australian Journal of Rural Health. 15 (4), pp. 247-251. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1584.2007.00897.x
An empirical evaluation of teacher effectiveness: the emergence of three critical factors
Patrick, Jeff and Smart, Roslyn. 1998. "An empirical evaluation of teacher effectiveness: the emergence of three critical factors." Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education. 23 (2), pp. 165-178. https://doi.org/10.1080/0260293980230205
Distinguishing between healthy and unhealthy eating behaviour: a personality trait perspective
Mullen, Kathryn and Patrick, Jeff. 2007. "Distinguishing between healthy and unhealthy eating behaviour: a personality trait perspective." Moore, Kate (ed.) 42nd Australian Psychological Society Annual Conference 2007. Brisbane, Australia 25 - 29 Sep 2007 Melbourne, Australia.
An insight into adolescent transition from rural to urban centres
Patrick, Jeff, Bramston, Paul and Wakefield, Amanda. 2004. "An insight into adolescent transition from rural to urban centres." Katsikitis, Mary (ed.) 39th Australian Psychological Society Annual Conference 2004. Sydney, Australia 29 Sep - 03 Oct 2004 Melbourne, Australia.
Challenging physiognomy: questioning the idea that facial characteristics are indicative of personality
Wang, Yi Lin and Patrick, Jeff. 2006. "Challenging physiognomy: questioning the idea that facial characteristics are indicative of personality." Katsikitis, Mary (ed.) Psychology Bridging the Tasman: Science, Culture and Practice 2006. Auckland, New Zealand 26 - 30 Sep 2006 Melbourne, Australia.