Effects of conidial concentration and stigma wetness period on infection by the sorghum ergot pathogen Claviceps africana

Article


Bhuiyan, S. A., Ryley, M. J., Galea, V. J., Tay, D. and Lisle, A. T.. 2009. "Effects of conidial concentration and stigma wetness period on infection by the sorghum ergot pathogen Claviceps africana ." Australasian Plant Pathology. 38 (5), pp. 496-499. https://doi.org/10.1071/AP09032
Article Title

Effects of conidial concentration and stigma wetness period on infection by the sorghum ergot pathogen Claviceps africana

ERA Journal ID2559
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsBhuiyan, S. A. (Author), Ryley, M. J. (Author), Galea, V. J. (Author), Tay, D. (Author) and Lisle, A. T. (Author)
Journal TitleAustralasian Plant Pathology
Journal Citation38 (5), pp. 496-499
Number of Pages4
Year2009
PublisherSpringer
Place of PublicationDordrecht, Netherlands
ISSN0815-3191
1448-6032
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1071/AP09032
Abstract

The effect of conidial concentration and length of stigma wetness period on infection of sorghum spikelets by
Claviceps africana was studied in a controlled environment experiment. A spore concentration of at least 106 conidia/mL was required for maximum infection on sorghum panicles. Maximum infection occurred during a stigma wetness period between 4.5 and 6 h. Approximately 11–15% infection occurred when stigmas had been dried immediately after inoculation.
This study demonstrated that the stigma wetness is an important parameter in sorghum ergot epidemiology.

Keywordsbacteria; microorganisms; Claviceps africana
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020319999. Other biological sciences not elsewhere classified
310701. Bacteriology
300409. Crop and pasture protection (incl. pests, diseases and weeds)
Public Notes

© Australasian Plant Pathology Society 2009. Published version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.

Byline AffiliationsBSES Limited, Australia
Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, Queensland
University of Queensland
Ohio State University, United States
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Permalink -

https://research.usq.edu.au/item/q2647/effects-of-conidial-concentration-and-stigma-wetness-period-on-infection-by-the-sorghum-ergot-pathogen-claviceps-africana

  • 1695
    total views
  • 6
    total downloads
  • 4
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

A survey of the attitudes of stakeholders in the zoo industry towards the husbandry requirements of captive Great Apes
Fernie, A. C., Tribe, A., Murray, P. J., Lisle, A. and Phillips, C. J. C.. 2012. "A survey of the attitudes of stakeholders in the zoo industry towards the husbandry requirements of captive Great Apes." Animal Welfare. 21 (2), pp. 233-245. https://doi.org/10.7120/09627286.21.2.233
The effects of simulated transport on the behaviour of eastern blue tongued lizards (Tiliqua scincoides)
Mancera, K., Murray, P. J., Gao, Y. N., Lisle, A. and Phillips, C. J. C.. 2014. "The effects of simulated transport on the behaviour of eastern blue tongued lizards (Tiliqua scincoides)." Animal Welfare. 23 (3), pp. 239-249. https://doi.org/10.7120/09627286.23.3.239
Use of Duckweed, Bentonite and Acid to Improve Water Quality of Effluent Discharge from Abattoirs
Goopy, J. P., Murray, P. J., Lisle, A. T. and Al Jassim, R. A. M.. 2004. "Use of Duckweed, Bentonite and Acid to Improve Water Quality of Effluent Discharge from Abattoirs." Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences. 17 (8), pp. 1168-1176. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2004.1168
Use of Chemical and Biological Agents to Improve Water Quality of Effluent Discharge from Abattoirs
Goopy, J. P., Murray, P. J., Lisle, A. T. and Al Jassim, R. A. M.. 2004. "Use of Chemical and Biological Agents to Improve Water Quality of Effluent Discharge from Abattoirs." Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences. 17 (1), pp. 137-145. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2004.137
Is Tooth Wear a Reliable Means of Aging Wild European Fallow Deer in Tasmania, Australia?
Hall, Graham P., Murray, Peter J., Byrne, Matthew J. and Lisle, Allan T.. 2012. "Is Tooth Wear a Reliable Means of Aging Wild European Fallow Deer in Tasmania, Australia?" Wildlife Society Bulletin. 36 (1), pp. 124-129. https://doi.org/10.1002/wsb.89
More than meets the eye — unexpected diversity in downy mildews (Oomycetes) on grasses in Australia
Ryley, M. J., Tan, Y. P., Kruse, J., Thines, M. and Shivas, R. G.. 2022. "More than meets the eye — unexpected diversity in downy mildews (Oomycetes) on grasses in Australia." Mycological Progress: international journal of fungal sciences. 21 (1), pp. 297-310. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11557-021-01750-4
Neopestalotiopsis Species Associated with Flower Diseases of Macadamia integrifolia in Australia
Prasannath, Kandeeparoopan, Shivas, Roger G., Galea, Victor J. and Akinsanmi, Olufemi A.. 2021. "Neopestalotiopsis Species Associated with Flower Diseases of Macadamia integrifolia in Australia." Journal of Fungi. 7 (9), pp. 1-17. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7090771
Novel Botrytis and Cladosporium Species Associated with Flower Diseases of Macadamia in Australia
Prasannath, Kandeeparoopan, Shivas, Roger G., Galea, Victor J. and Akinsanmi, Olufemi A.. 2021. "Novel Botrytis and Cladosporium Species Associated with Flower Diseases of Macadamia in Australia." Journal of Fungi. 7 (11), pp. 1-17. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7110898
The effects of acute exposure to mining machinery noise on the behaviour of eastern blue-tongued lizards (Tiliqua scincoides)
Mancera, K. F., Murray, P. J., Lisle, A., Dupont, C., Faucheux, F. and Phillips, C. J. C.. 2017. "The effects of acute exposure to mining machinery noise on the behaviour of eastern blue-tongued lizards (Tiliqua scincoides)." Animal Welfare. 26 (1), pp. 11-24. https://doi.org/10.7120/09627286.26.1.011
Faecal analysis reveals the insectivorous diet of the Black-breasted Button-quail Turnix melanogaster
Webster, Patrick, Lisle, Allan and Murray, Peter. 2018. "Faecal analysis reveals the insectivorous diet of the Black-breasted Button-quail Turnix melanogaster." Corella. 43, pp. 19-25.
Environmental effects are stronger than human effects on mammalian predator-prey relationships in arid Australian ecosystems
Allen, Benjamin L., Fawcett, Alana, Anker, Alison, Engeman, Richard M., Lisle, Allan and Leung, Luke K.-P.. 2018. "Environmental effects are stronger than human effects on mammalian predator-prey relationships in arid Australian ecosystems." Science of the Total Environment. 610-611, pp. 451-461. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.08.051
Dingoes at the doorstep: preliminary data on the ecology of dingoes in urban areas
Allen, Benjamin L., Goullet, Mark, Allen, Lee R., Lisle, Allan and Leung, Luke K.-P.. 2013. "Dingoes at the doorstep: preliminary data on the ecology of dingoes in urban areas." Landscape and Urban Planning. 119, pp. 131-135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2013.07.008
Fusarium thapsinum is the dominant species associated with sorghum stalk rot in Queensland and northern New South Wales
Kelly, L., Tan, Y. P., Ryley, M. and Aitken, E.. 2011. "Fusarium thapsinum is the dominant species associated with sorghum stalk rot in Queensland and northern New South Wales." Tran-Nguyen, Lucy (ed.) 4th Asian Conference on Plant Pathology and the 18th Biennial Australasian Plant Pathology Society Conference (ACPP/APPS 2011): New Frontiers in Plant Pathology for Asia and Oceania. Darwin, Australia 26 - 29 Apr 2011 Toowoomba, Australia.
Management of the major foliar diseases of mungbeans and peanuts in Australia
Ryley, M. J. and Tatnell, J. R.. 2011. "Management of the major foliar diseases of mungbeans and peanuts in Australia." Tran-Nguyen, Lucy (ed.) 4th Asian Conference on Plant Pathology and the 18th Biennial Australasian Plant Pathology Society Conference (ACPP/APPS 2011): New Frontiers in Plant Pathology for Asia and Oceania. Darwin, Australia 26 - 29 Apr 2011 Toowoomba, Australia.
Phylogenetic relationships of graminicolous downy mildews based on cox2 sequence data
Thines, Marco, Goker, Markus, Telle, Sabine, Ryley, Malcolm, Mathur, Kusum, Narayana, Yaladabagi D., Spring, Otmar and Thakur, Ram P.. 2008. "Phylogenetic relationships of graminicolous downy mildews based on cox2 sequence data." Mycological Research. 112 (3), pp. 345-351. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mycres.2007.10.010
Sorghum ergot can develop without local Claviceps africana inoculum from nearby infected plants
Chakraborty, S. and Ryley, M. J.. 2008. "Sorghum ergot can develop without local Claviceps africana inoculum from nearby infected plants." Plant Pathology. 57 (3), pp. 484-492. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3059.2008.01832.x
Patterns of release of the secondary conidia of Claviceps africana, the sorghum ergot pathogen in Australia
Ryley, M. J. and Chakraborty, S.. 2008. "Patterns of release of the secondary conidia of Claviceps africana, the sorghum ergot pathogen in Australia." Plant Pathology. 57 (3), pp. 473-483. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3059.2007.01819.x
Reduced fungicide use on a new Australian peanut cultivar, highly resistant to the late leaf spot and rust pathogens
Kelly, Lisa A., Ryley, Malcolm J., Trevorrow, Peter R., Tatnell, Jeffrey R., Nastasi, Charles and Chauhan, Yash. 2012. "Reduced fungicide use on a new Australian peanut cultivar, highly resistant to the late leaf spot and rust pathogens." Australasian Plant Pathology. 41 (4), pp. 359-373. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13313-012-0132-8
Optimal environmental conditions for the infection and development of Puccinia purpurea on sorghum
White, J. A., Ryley, M. J., George, D. L. and Kong, G. A.. 2014. "Optimal environmental conditions for the infection and development of Puccinia purpurea on sorghum." Australasian Plant Pathology. 43 (4), pp. 447-457. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13313-014-0292-9
A novel technique for the early assessment of sorghum lines for resistance to Fusarium stalk rot
White, Jodie, Ryley, Malcolm and Kelly, Lisa. 2013. "A novel technique for the early assessment of sorghum lines for resistance to Fusarium stalk rot." Summer Grains Conference (ASGC 2013): Innovate, Grow, Prosper. Gold Coast, Australia 17 - 19 Jun 2013
Disease threats to the Australian soybean industry
Ryley, Malcolm. 2013. "Disease threats to the Australian soybean industry." Summer Grains Conference (ASGC 2013): Innovate, Grow, Prosper. Gold Coast, Australia 17 - 19 Jun 2013
Iterative germination and innovative techniques for the production and inoculation of secondary conidia of sorghum ergot (Claviceps africana)
Tonapi, V. A., Ryley, M., Galea, V., Bhuiyan, S. and Wearing, A.. 2009. "Iterative germination and innovative techniques for the production and inoculation of secondary conidia of sorghum ergot (Claviceps africana) ." Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection. 42 (3), pp. 248-255. https://doi.org/10.1080/03235400601036612
Early harvest and ensilage of forage sorghum infected with ergot (Claviceps africana) reduces the risk of livestock poisoning
Blaney, B. J., Ryley, M. J. and Boucher, B. D.. 2010. "Early harvest and ensilage of forage sorghum infected with ergot (Claviceps africana) reduces the risk of livestock poisoning." Australian Veterinary Journal. 88 (8), pp. 311-312. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-0813.2010.00590.x
First report of the smut fungus Ustanciosporium appendiculatum in Australia
Shivas, R. G., McTaggart, A. R., Ryley, M. J., Scharaschkin, T. and Gambley, C. F.. 2010. "First report of the smut fungus Ustanciosporium appendiculatum in Australia." Australasian Plant Disease Notes. 5 (1), pp. 17-18. https://doi.org/10.1071/DN10007
Molecular phylogenetic analysis of Peronosclerospora (Oomycetes) reveals cryptic species and genetically distinct species parasitic to maize
Telle, Sabine, Shivas, Roger G., Ryley, Malcolm J. and Thines, Marco. 2011. "Molecular phylogenetic analysis of Peronosclerospora (Oomycetes) reveals cryptic species and genetically distinct species parasitic to maize." European Journal of Plant Pathology. 130 (4), pp. 521-528. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-011-9772-8
Peronosclerospora australiensis sp. nov. and Peronosclerospora sargae sp. nov., two newly recognised downy mildews in northern Australia, and their biosecurity implications
Shivas, R. G., Ryley, M. J ., Telle, S., Liberato, J. R. and Thines, M.. 2012. "Peronosclerospora australiensis sp. nov. and Peronosclerospora sargae sp. nov., two newly recognised downy mildews in northern Australia, and their biosecurity implications." Australasian Plant Pathology. 41 (2), pp. 125-130. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13313-011-0097-z
First report of the powdery mildew Erysiphe diffusa on soybean in Australia
McTaggart, A. R., Ryley, M. J. and Shivas, R. G.. 2012. "First report of the powdery mildew Erysiphe diffusa on soybean in Australia." Australasian Plant Disease Notes. 7 (1), pp. 127-129. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13314-012-0065-7
New weed hosts of Macrophomina phaseolina in Australia
Fuhlbohm, M. J., Ryley, M. J. and Aitken, E. A. B.. 2012. "New weed hosts of Macrophomina phaseolina in Australia." Australasian Plant Disease Notes. 7 (1), pp. 193-195. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13314-012-0082-6
Early assessment of sorghum lines for resistance to Fusarium stalk rot
White, Jodie and Ryley, Malcolm. 2013. "Early assessment of sorghum lines for resistance to Fusarium stalk rot ." AusSorg 2013. Mt Tamborine, Australia 31 Jul - 01 Aug 2013
Assessing head blight resistance (tolerance) to Fusarium thapsinum in sorghum
Ryley, M. J. and White, Jodie. 2013. "Assessing head blight resistance (tolerance) to Fusarium thapsinum in sorghum." AusSorg 2013. Mt Tamborine, Australia 31 Jul - 01 Aug 2013
Chickpeas! Varietal performance, wet feet and root rot, virus and salinity effects in 2012, Ascochyta management, seed quality, issues in central Queensland and effects of desiccating too early with glyphosate on seed germination
Moore, Kevin, Ryley, Mal and Sharman, Murray. 2013. "Chickpeas! Varietal performance, wet feet and root rot, virus and salinity effects in 2012, Ascochyta management, seed quality, issues in central Queensland and effects of desiccating too early with glyphosate on seed germination." 2013 GRDC Grains Research Update, Northern Region. Goondiwindi, Australia 05 - 06 Mar 2013 Canberra, Australia.
Indigenous fungi as pathogens of crops: some examples from Australia
Ryley, Malcolm and Shivas, Roger. 2013. "Indigenous fungi as pathogens of crops: some examples from Australia." Asian Mycological Congress 2013 and 13th International Marine and Freshwater Mycology Symposium (AMC 2013). Beijing, China 19 - 23 Aug 2103 Beijing, China.
Response of chickpea genotype to Phytophthora root rot, PRR (Phytophthora medicaginis)
Moore, Kevin, Ryley, Malcolm, Hobson, Kristy, Harden, Steve, Martin, William, King, Kris, Nash, Paul and Chiplin, Gail. 2013. "Response of chickpea genotype to Phytophthora root rot, PRR (Phytophthora medicaginis)." Pulse Breeding Australia Inaugural Conference (PBA 2013): Expanding Horizons. Adelaide, Australia 20 - 23 Oct 2013
Infection of mungbean seed is more likely to result from localised pod infection than from systemic plant infection
Fuhlbohm, M. J., Ryley, M. J. and Aitken, E. A. B.. 2013. "Infection of mungbean seed is more likely to result from localised pod infection than from systemic plant infection." Plant Pathology. 62 (6), pp. 1271-1284. https://doi.org/10.1111/ppa.12047
I just want to count them! Considerations when choosing a deer population monitoring method
Amos, Matthew, Baxter, Greg, Finch, Neal, Lisle, Allan and Murray, Peter. 2014. "I just want to count them! Considerations when choosing a deer population monitoring method." Wildlife Biology. 20 (6), pp. 362-370. https://doi.org/10.2981/wlb.00080
Yield losses in grain sorghum due to rust infection
White, Jodie A., Ryley, Malcolm J., George, Doug L., Kong, Gary A. and White, Simon C.. 2012. "Yield losses in grain sorghum due to rust infection ." Australasian Plant Pathology. 41 (1), pp. 85-91. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13313-011-0093-3
Mechanical harvesting reduces sphacelia/sclerote levels of claviceps africana
Ryley, M. J., Jensen, T. and Kyei, A. N.. 2003. "Mechanical harvesting reduces sphacelia/sclerote levels of claviceps africana." International Sorghum and Millets Newsletter.
Determining the age of adult wild dogs (Canis lupus dingo, C. l. domesticus and their hybrids): I. Pulp cavity/tooth width ratios
Kershaw, K., Allen, L., Lisle, A. and Withers, K.. 2005. "Determining the age of adult wild dogs (Canis lupus dingo, C. l. domesticus and their hybrids): I. Pulp cavity/tooth width ratios." Wildlife Research. 32 (6), pp. 581-585. https://doi.org/10.1035-3712/05/060581
A method for evaluation of UV and biologically effective exposures to plants
Parisi, A. V., Wong, J. C. F. and Galea, V.. 1996. "A method for evaluation of UV and biologically effective exposures to plants." Photochemistry and Photobiology. 64 (2), pp. 326-333. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-1097.1996.tb02466.x
Dosimetric measurement of the visible and UV exposures on field grown soybean plants
Parisi, Alfio, Galea, V. and Randall, C.. 2003. "Dosimetric measurement of the visible and UV exposures on field grown soybean plants." Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 120, pp. 153-160. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2003.08.012
A study of the total ultraviolet exposure to all the leaves for small plant growth
Parisi, A. V., Wong, J. C. F. and Galea, V. J.. 1998. "A study of the total ultraviolet exposure to all the leaves for small plant growth." Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology, B: Biology. 45 (1), pp. 36-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1011-1344(98)00157-2
Use of pulp cavity/tooth width ratios to determine the age of adult wild dogs (Canis lupus dingo, C. l. domesticus and their hybrids)
Kershaw, K., Allen, L., Lisle, A. and Withers, K.. 2005. "Use of pulp cavity/tooth width ratios to determine the age of adult wild dogs (Canis lupus dingo, C. l. domesticus and their hybrids)." Cree, Alison (ed.) 22nd Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Society for Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry (ANZSCPB 2005). Dunedin, New Zealand 09 - 11 Dec 2005 New Zealand.