Neighbourhood effects influencing early childhood development: conceptual model and trial indicator measurement methodologies from the kids in communities study

Article


Goldfeld, Sharon, Woolcock, Geoffrey, Katz, Ilan, Tanton, Robert, Brinkman, Sally, O'Connor, E., Mathews, T. and Giles-Corti, Billi. 2015. "Neighbourhood effects influencing early childhood development: conceptual model and trial indicator measurement methodologies from the kids in communities study." Social Indicators Research: an international and interdisciplinary journal for quality-of-life measurement. 120 (1), pp. 197-212. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-014-0578-x
Article Title

Neighbourhood effects influencing early childhood development: conceptual model and trial indicator measurement methodologies from the kids in communities study

ERA Journal ID10912
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsGoldfeld, Sharon (Author), Woolcock, Geoffrey (Author), Katz, Ilan (Author), Tanton, Robert (Author), Brinkman, Sally (Author), O'Connor, E. (Author), Mathews, T. (Author) and Giles-Corti, Billi (Author)
Journal TitleSocial Indicators Research: an international and interdisciplinary journal for quality-of-life measurement
Journal Citation120 (1), pp. 197-212
Number of Pages16
Year2015
Place of PublicationNetherlands
ISSN0303-8300
1573-0921
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-014-0578-x
Web Address (URL)https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11205-014-0578-x
Abstract

Socio-environmental factors, including the neighbourhoods in which children live and grow, are key determinants of children’s developmental outcomes. Thus, it is important to examine and consider the relationships between these factors and the multiple contexts that influence children. Drawing on a broad disciplinary range of existing research, we aimed to develop a conceptual model of neighbourhood effects influencing early childhood development. The neighbourhood effects literature was reviewed with a specific focus on existing models and frameworks. This review was then further expanded through consultation with our cross-disciplinary research collaboration (Kids in Communities Study Collaboration). From this a theoretical model specific to early childhood development was developed. The hypothesised model comprised five interconnected domains: physical, social, service, socio-economic, and governance. A small trial of indicator measurement was conducted and findings were used to make a series of recommendations regarding measures or indicators which might provide useful and effective for neighbourhood effects research. The proposed model provides a useful and novel conceptual framework for classifying neighbourhood effects research. By synthesising disparate but related areas of research, the resultant five domains provide a useful approach to understanding and measuring child development in the context of community and environment, therefore advancing knowledge in this area. Expanding the current neighbourhood effects paradigm to accommodate broader constructs appears critical in considering the multiple environments that may act as key determinants of children’s wellbeing and psychosocial outcomes.

KeywordsAustralian Early Development Index (AEDI), community indicators, early childhood development, environment, neighbourhood
Contains Sensitive ContentDoes not contain sensitive content
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020441001. Applied sociology, program evaluation and social impact assessment
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Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Byline AffiliationsDepartment of Health, Victoria
Griffith University
University of New South Wales
University of Canberra
University of Western Australia
University of Melbourne
Funding source
Australian Research Council (ARC)
Grant ID
LP130100411
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