Local housing characteristics associated with early childhood development outcomes in Australian disadvantaged communities

Article


Villanueva, Karen, Badland, Hannah, Tanton, Robert, Katz, Ilan, Brinkman, Sally, Lee, Ju-Lin, Woolcock, Geoffrey, Giles-Corti, Billie and Goldfeld, Sharon. 2019. "Local housing characteristics associated with early childhood development outcomes in Australian disadvantaged communities." International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 16 (10). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16101719
Article Title

Local housing characteristics associated with early childhood development outcomes in Australian disadvantaged communities

ERA Journal ID44293
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsVillanueva, Karen (Author), Badland, Hannah (Author), Tanton, Robert (Author), Katz, Ilan (Author), Brinkman, Sally (Author), Lee, Ju-Lin (Author), Woolcock, Geoffrey (Author), Giles-Corti, Billie (Author) and Goldfeld, Sharon (Author)
Journal TitleInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Journal Citation16 (10)
Article Number1719
Number of Pages17
Year2019
PublisherMDPI AG
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
ISSN1660-4601
1661-7827
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16101719
Web Address (URL)https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/16/10/1719
Abstract

Disadvantaged communities tend to have poorer early childhood development outcomes. Access to safe, secure, and stable housing is a well-known social determinant of health but there is a need to examine key features of neighbourhood housing that reduce early childhood development inequities. The 2012 Australian Early Development Census (AEDC), a population-wide measure of early childhood development, and the Australian Bureau of Statistics Socio-economic Index for Areas Index of Relative Socio-economic Disadvantage were used to select fourteen disadvantaged local communities in five Australian states and territories based on those performing better (off-diagonal), or as expected (on-diagonal) on the AEDC relative to their socio-economic profile. Between 2015–2017, qualitative and quantitative housing data were collected in the local communities. In total, 87 interviews with stakeholders, 30 focus groups with local service providers and parents, and Australian Census dwelling information were analysed. A comparative case study approach was used to examine differences in housing characteristics (e.g., public housing, density, affordability, and tenure) between disadvantaged local communities performing ‘better than expected’ and ‘as expected’ on early childhood development. Perceived better housing affordability, objectively measured housing tenure (ownership) and perceived and objectively measured lower-density public housing were housing characteristics that emerged as points of difference for disadvantaged local communities where children had relatively better early childhood development outcomes. These characteristics are potential modifiable and policy sensitive housing levers for reducing early childhood development inequities.

Keywordsurban planning; neighbourhood; community; early childhood development; family; mixed methods; inequity; housing
Contains Sensitive ContentDoes not contain sensitive content
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020440699. Human geography not elsewhere classified
330401. Community planning
441016. Urban sociology and community studies
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Byline AffiliationsMurdoch Children's Research Institute, Australia
Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT)
University of Canberra
University of New South Wales
Telethon Kids Institute, Australia
Rural Economies Centre of Excellence
Funding source
Australian Research Council (ARC)
Grant ID
LP130100411
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