Experimental investigation on effects of calcined bentonite on fresh, strength and durability properties of sustainable self-compacting concrete

Article


El-Abidine Laidani, Zine, Benabed, Benchaa, Abousnina, Rajab, Gueddouda, M. Kamal and Kadri, El-Hadj. 2020. "Experimental investigation on effects of calcined bentonite on fresh, strength and durability properties of sustainable self-compacting concrete." Construction and Building Materials. 230, pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.117062
Article Title

Experimental investigation on effects of calcined bentonite on fresh, strength and durability properties of sustainable self-compacting concrete

ERA Journal ID3470
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsEl-Abidine Laidani, Zine (Author), Benabed, Benchaa (Author), Abousnina, Rajab (Author), Gueddouda, M. Kamal (Author) and Kadri, El-Hadj (Author)
Journal TitleConstruction and Building Materials
Journal Citation230, pp. 1-11
Article Number117062
Number of Pages11
Year2020
PublisherElsevier
Place of PublicationNetherlands
ISSN0950-0618
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.117062
Web Address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0950061819325048?via%3Dihub
Abstract

With the current focus on sustainable development in the civil engineering field, it is necessary to develop construction and building materials with reasonable costs and low environmental impacts in order to reduce CO2 emissions during the production of concrete, and from the cement industry as a whole. This research studies the effect of using calcined bentonite (CB) as partial replacement of Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) on the sustainability of self-compacting concrete (SCC). The cement in SCC mixes has been replaced with two different types of CB at 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30% by weight. Slump flow, V-funnel flow time, L-box test and sieve stability tests are performed to evaluate the fresh properties of SCC mixtures. Various tests are used to assess the performance of SCC mixtures in hardened states, such as compressive strength, porosity accessible to water, chloride-ions penetration and gas permeability. The results showed that the use of CB in SCC mixes reduced the fresh properties of SCC and the slump flows, flow times, and segregation tests are good enough for SCC production. At a hardened state, SCC with 10–15% of CB had a higher compressive strength up to 90 days, as well as improved porosity, chloride-ions penetration and gas permeability properties. These results indicate that a CB solution will reduce CO2 emissions and make durable and eco-friendly SCC at a low cost.

Keywordsself-compacting concrete; calcined bentonite; fresh properties; strength; durability; porosity; chloride-ions penetration; gas permeability
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020400505. Construction materials
400510. Structural engineering
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Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Laghouat, Algeria
University of Waikato, New Zealand
Cergy-Pontoise University, France
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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