An Experimental and Numerical Investigation into the Durability of Fibre/Polymer Composites with Synthetic and Natural Fibres

Article


Alajmi, Abdalrahman, Abousnina, Rajab, Shalwan, Abdullah, Alajmi, Sultan, Alipour, Golnaz, Tafsirojjaman, Tafsirojjaman and Will, Geoffrey. 2022. "An Experimental and Numerical Investigation into the Durability of Fibre/Polymer Composites with Synthetic and Natural Fibres." Polymers. 14 (10), pp. 1-23. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14102024
Article Title

An Experimental and Numerical Investigation into the Durability of Fibre/Polymer Composites with Synthetic and Natural Fibres

ERA Journal ID201391
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsAlajmi, Abdalrahman, Abousnina, Rajab, Shalwan, Abdullah, Alajmi, Sultan, Alipour, Golnaz, Tafsirojjaman, Tafsirojjaman and Will, Geoffrey
Journal TitlePolymers
Journal Citation14 (10), pp. 1-23
Article Number2024
Number of Pages23
Year2022
PublisherMDPI AG
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
ISSN2073-4360
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14102024
Web Address (URL)https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4360/14/10/2024
Abstract

Progress in engineering research has shifted the interest from traditional monolithic materials to modern materials such as fibre reinforced composites (FRC). This paradigm shift can be attributed to the unique mechanical characteristics of FRCs such as high strength to weight ratio, good flexural strength, and fracture toughness. At present, synthetic composites dominate the auto-motive, aerospace, sporting, and construction industries despite serious drawbacks such as costly raw materials, high manufacturing costs, non-recyclability, toxicity, and non-biodegradability. To address these issues, naturally occurring plant fibres (such as jute, hemp, sisal) are being increasingly researched as potential reinforcements for biodegradable or non-biodegradable polymer matrices to produce environmentally friendly composites. In this study, sisal fibres were selected owing to their low production costs, sustainability, recyclability, and biodegradability. The hydrothermal ageing and mechanical characteristics of sisal fibre-reinforced epoxy (SFRE) composites were determined and compared with glass fibre-reinforced epoxy (GFRE) synthetic composites. Moreover, a first-of-its-kind numerical model have been developed to study the hydrothermal ageing and mechanical characteristics of SFRE, along with GFRE, using ANSYS software. Moreover, microstructural analysis of flexural tested GFRE and SFRE samples were carried out to identify the microstructural properties of the composites. Both experimental and numerical results exhibited an influence of short-or long-term hydrothermal treatment on the flexural properties of glass and sisal fibre-based composites. In the case of GFRE, the moisture uptake and fibre-matrix de-bonding existed, but it is less severe as compared to the SFRE composites. It was found that the dosage of sisal fibres largely determines the ultimate mechanical performance of the composite. Nonetheless, the experimental and numerical flexural strengths of SFRE were comparable to GFRE composites. This exhibited that the SFRE composites possess the potentiality as a sustainable material for advanced applications.

Keywordsbiodegradation; composites; durability; hydrothermal ageing; natural fibres; synthetic fibres
FunderKuwait Foundation for the Advancement of Sciences
Byline AffiliationsQueensland University of Technology
Ministry of Electricity Water and Renewable Energy, Kuwait
Macquarie University
Public Authority for Applied Education and Training, Kuwait
Centre for Future Materials (Operations)
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Alajarmeh, Omar, Manalo, Allan, Benmokrane, Brahim, Ferdous, Wahid, Mohammed, Ali, Abousnina, Rajab, Elchalakani, Mohamed and Edoo, Azam. 2020. "Behavior of circular concrete columns reinforced with hollow composite sections and GFRP bars." Marine Structures. 72, pp. 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marstruc.2020.102785
Experimental investigation on effects of calcined bentonite on fresh, strength and durability properties of sustainable self-compacting concrete
El-Abidine Laidani, Zine, Benabed, Benchaa, Abousnina, Rajab, Gueddouda, M. Kamal and Kadri, El-Hadj. 2020. "Experimental investigation on effects of calcined bentonite on fresh, strength and durability properties of sustainable self-compacting concrete." Construction and Building Materials. 230, pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.117062
Potential pozzolanicity of Algerian calcined bentonite used as cement replacement: optimisation of calcination temperature and effect on strength of self-compacting mortars
El-Abidine Laidani, Zine, Benabed, Benchaa, Abousnina, Rajab, Gueddouda, M. Kamal and Khatib, M. Jamal. 2022. "Potential pozzolanicity of Algerian calcined bentonite used as cement replacement: optimisation of calcination temperature and effect on strength of self-compacting mortars." European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering. 26 (4), pp. 1379-1401. https://doi.org/10.1080/19648189.2020.1713898
Effect of using metakaolin as supplementary cementitious material and recycled CRT funnel glass as fine aggregate on the durability of green self-compacting concrete
Ouldkhaoua, Younes, Benabed, Benchaa, Abousnina, Rajab, Kadri, El-Hadj and Khatib, Jamal. 2020. "Effect of using metakaolin as supplementary cementitious material and recycled CRT funnel glass as fine aggregate on the durability of green self-compacting concrete." Construction and Building Materials. 235. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.117802
Experimental study on the reuse of cathode ray tubes funnel glass as fine aggregate for developing an ecological self-compacting mortar incorporating metakaolin
Ouldkhaoua, Younes, Benabed, Benchaa, Abousnina, Rajab and Kadri, El-Hadj. 2020. "Experimental study on the reuse of cathode ray tubes funnel glass as fine aggregate for developing an ecological self-compacting mortar incorporating metakaolin." Journal of Building Engineering. 27, pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2019.100951
Antiviral Nanostructured Surfaces Reduce the Viability of SARS-CoV-2
Hasan, Jafar, Pyke, Alyssa, Nair, Neelima, Yarlagadda, Tejasri, Will, Geoffrey, Spann, Kirsten and Yarlagadda, Prasad K.D.V.. 2020. "Antiviral Nanostructured Surfaces Reduce the Viability of SARS-CoV-2 ." ACS Biomaterials Science and Engineering. 6 (9), pp. 4858-4861. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsbiomaterials.0c01091
Optimal design for epoxy polymer concrete based on mechanical properties and durability aspects
Ferdous, Wahid, Manalo, Allan, Wong, Hong S., Abousnina, Rajab, Alajarmeh, Omar S., Zhuge, Yan and Schubel, Peter. 2020. "Optimal design for epoxy polymer concrete based on mechanical properties and durability aspects." Construction and Building Materials. 232, pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.117229
Behaviour of geopolymer concrete filled pultruded GFRP short columns
Lokuge, Weena, Abousnina, Rajab and Herath, Nilupa. 2019. "Behaviour of geopolymer concrete filled pultruded GFRP short columns." Journal of Composite Materials. 53 (18), pp. 2555-2567. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998319833447
Properties and structural behavior of concrete containing fine sand contaminated with light crude oil
Abousnina, Rajab, Manalo, Allan, Lokuge, Weena and Al-Jabri, Khalifa. 2018. "Properties and structural behavior of concrete containing fine sand contaminated with light crude oil." Construction and Building Materials. 189, pp. 1214-1231. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.09.089
The influence of fibre orientation on tribological performance of jute fibre reinforced epoxy composites considering different mat orientations
Alshammari, F. Z., Saleh, K. H., Yousif, B. F., Alajmi, A., Shalwan, A. and Alotaibi, J. G.. 2018. "The influence of fibre orientation on tribological performance of jute fibre reinforced epoxy composites considering different mat orientations." Tribology in Industry. 40 (3), pp. 335-348. https://doi.org/10.24874/ti.2018.40.03.01
Effects of light crude oil contamination on the physical and mechanical properties of geopolymer cement mortar
Abousnina, Rajab, Manalo, Allan, Lokuge, Weena and Zhang, Zuhua. 2018. "Effects of light crude oil contamination on the physical and mechanical properties of geopolymer cement mortar." Cement and Concrete Composites. 90, pp. 136-149. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2018.04.001
Oil contaminated sand: an emerging and sustainable construction material
Abousnina, Rajab M., Manalo, Allan, Lokuge, Weena and Shiau, Jim. 2015. "Oil contaminated sand: an emerging and sustainable construction material." 2015 International Conference on Sustainable Design, Engineering and Construction. Chicago, United States 10 - 13 May 2015 Netherlands. Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2015.08.453
Numerical investigation on structural evolution and mechanical behaviour of amorphous silicon Li ion battery anodes
Sitinamaluwa, Hansinee, Wang, Mingchao, Will, Geoffrey, Senadeera, Wijitha, Ling, Ming, Zhang, Shanqing and Yan, Cheng. 2015. "Numerical investigation on structural evolution and mechanical behaviour of amorphous silicon Li ion battery anodes." 9th International Mesostructured Materials Symposium (IMMS-9). Brisbane, Australia 17 - 20 Aug 2015 Brisbane, Australia.
Properties of mortar and concrete containing fine sand contaminated with light crude oil
Abousnina, Rajab Mohamed B.. 2016. Properties of mortar and concrete containing fine sand contaminated with light crude oil. PhD Thesis Doctor of Philosophy. University of Southern Queensland.
Investigation on interfacial adhesion of date palm/epoxy using fragmentation technique
Shalwan, A. and Yousif, B. F.. 2014. "Investigation on interfacial adhesion of date palm/epoxy using fragmentation technique." Materials and Design. 53, pp. 928-937. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2013.07.083
An overview on oil contaminated sand and its engineering applications
Abousnina, Rajab M., Manalo, Allan, Shiau, Jim and Lokuge, Weena. 2016. "An overview on oil contaminated sand and its engineering applications." International Journal of GEOMATE. 10 (19), pp. 1615-1622.
Physical and mechanical properties of cement mortar containing fine sand contaminated with light crude oil
Abousnina, Rajab M., Manalo, Allan and Lokuge, Weena. 2016. "Physical and mechanical properties of cement mortar containing fine sand contaminated with light crude oil." Procedia Engineering. 145, pp. 250- 258. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2016.04.071
Carbon-based silicon nanohybrid anode materials for rechargeable lithium ion batteries
Sitinamaluwa, Hansinee, Zhang, Shanqing, Senadeera, Wijitha, Will, Geoffrey and Yan, Cheng. 2016. "Carbon-based silicon nanohybrid anode materials for rechargeable lithium ion batteries." Materials Technology: Advanced Performance Materials. 31 (14), pp. 872-883. https://doi.org/10.1080/10667857.2015.1104824
Effect of light hydrocarbons contamination on shear strength of fine sand
Abousnina, Rajab M., Shiau, Jim, Manalo, Allan and Lokuge, Weena. 2014. "Effect of light hydrocarbons contamination on shear strength of fine sand." Hossain, Zakaria and Shiau, Jim (ed.) 4th International Conference on Geotechnique, Construction Materials and Environment (GEOMATE 2014). Brisbane, Australia 19 - 21 Nov 2014 Mie, Japan.
Effects of light crude oil contamination on the physical and mechanical properties of fine sand
Abousnina, Rajab M., Manalo, Allan, Shiau, Jim and Lokuge, Weena. 2015. "Effects of light crude oil contamination on the physical and mechanical properties of fine sand." Soil and Sediment Contamination: an international journal. 24 (8), pp. 833-845. https://doi.org/10.1080/15320383.2015.1058338
Mechanical properties of mortar with oil contaminated sand
Abousnina, Rajab M., Manalo, Allan and Lokuge, Weena. 2015. "Mechanical properties of mortar with oil contaminated sand." 27th Biennial National Conference of the Concrete Institute of Australia (Concrete 2015) in conjunction with the 69th RILEM Week: Construction Innovations, Research into Practice. Melbourne, Australia 30 Aug - 02 Sep 2015 Sydney, Australia.
Investigation on Temperature-Dependent Electrical Conductivity of Carbon Nanotube/Epoxy Composites for Sustainable Energy Applications
Njuguna, Michael K., Galpaya, Dilini, Yan, Cheng, Colwell, Colwell, Will, Geoffrey, Hu, Ning, Yarlagadda, Prasad and Bell, John M.. 2015. "Investigation on Temperature-Dependent Electrical Conductivity of Carbon Nanotube/Epoxy Composites for Sustainable Energy Applications." Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. 15 (9), pp. 6957-6964. https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2015.10514
Comparison between oily and coal seam gas produced water with respect to quantity, characteristics and treatment technologies: a review
Abousnina, Rajab M., Nghiem, Long D. and Bundschuh, Jochen. 2015. "Comparison between oily and coal seam gas produced water with respect to quantity, characteristics and treatment technologies: a review." Desalination and Water Treatment. 54 (7), pp. 1793-1808. https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2014.893541
Influence of date palm fibre and graphite filler on mechanical and wear characteristics of epoxy composites
Shalwan, A. and Yousif, B. F.. 2014. "Influence of date palm fibre and graphite filler on mechanical and wear characteristics of epoxy composites." Materials and Design. 59, pp. 264-273. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2014.02.066
Correlation between frictional force, interface temperature and specific wear rate of fibre polymer composites
Arhaim, Y. H, Shalwan, A. and Yousif, B. F.. 2013. "Correlation between frictional force, interface temperature and specific wear rate of fibre polymer composites." Advanced Materials Research. 685 (685), pp. 45-49. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.685.45
In state of art: mechanical and tribological behaviour of polymeric composites based on natural fibres
Shalwan, A. and Yousif, B. F.. 2013. "In state of art: mechanical and tribological behaviour of polymeric composites based on natural fibres." Materials and Design. 48, pp. 14-24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2012.07.014
Removal of dissolved organics from produced water by forward osmosis
Abousnina, Rajab M. and Nghiem, Long D.. 2014. "Removal of dissolved organics from produced water by forward osmosis." Desalination and Water Treatment. 52 (4-6), pp. 570-579. https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2013.827292
A review on tribological behaviour of polymeric composites and future reinforcements
Aldousiri, B., Shalwan, A. and Chin, C. W.. 2013. "A review on tribological behaviour of polymeric composites and future reinforcements." Advances in Materials Science and Engineering. 2013, pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/645923
Mechanical properties of palm fibre reinforced recycled HDPE
Aldousiri, B., Alajmi, M. and Shalwan, A.. 2013. "Mechanical properties of palm fibre reinforced recycled HDPE ." Advances in Materials Science and Engineering. 2013, pp. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/508179
Flexural properties of treated and untreated kenaf/epoxy composites
Yousif, B. F., Shalwan, A., Chin, C. W. and Ming, K. C.. 2012. "Flexural properties of treated and untreated kenaf/epoxy composites." Materials and Design. 40, pp. 378-385. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2012.04.017