Life-Cycle Cost Analysis of Long-Span CFRP Cable-Stayed Bridges

Article


Liu, Yue, Gu, Mingyang, Liu, Xiaogang and Tafsirojjaman, T.. 2022. "Life-Cycle Cost Analysis of Long-Span CFRP Cable-Stayed Bridges." Polymers. 14 (9), pp. 1-17. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14091740
Article Title

Life-Cycle Cost Analysis of Long-Span CFRP
Cable-Stayed Bridges

ERA Journal ID201391
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsLiu, Yue, Gu, Mingyang, Liu, Xiaogang and Tafsirojjaman, T.
Journal TitlePolymers
Journal Citation14 (9), pp. 1-17
Article Number1740
Number of Pages17
Year2022
PublisherMDPI AG
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
ISSN2073-4360
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14091740
Web Address (URL)https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4360/14/9/1740
Abstract

With the advantages of high strength, light weight, high corrosion and fatigue resistance, and low relaxation, carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) is an excellent cable material for cable-stayed bridges. However, the relatively high unit price of CFRP compared to that of steel may hinder the large-scale application of CFRP stay cables. This paper presents the economic comparison between long-span cable-stayed bridges using CFRP cables and the corresponding steel cable-stayed bridges through life-cycle cost analysis (LCCA). Three CFRP cable-stayed bridges with a main span of 600 m, 1200 m, and 1800 m, respectively, along with their steel counterparts, were designed, and their life-cycle costs (LCCs) were calculated. The comparison of LCCs was not only between the CFRP and steel cable-stayed bridges with the same span, but also between the cable-stayed bridges with different spans. Furthermore, the different unit prices of CFRP cables and different replacement frequencies of steel cables were also investigated. The results show that the initial design and construction cost of the long-span CFRP cable-stayed bridge is higher than that of the corresponding steel cable-stayed bridge, although using CFRP cables can reduce the materials used, primarily due to the higher unit price of the CFRP cable. Despite the higher initial cost, the long-span CFRP cable-stayed bridge can still achieve lower LCC than the steel cable-stayed bridge, because it has significantly lower rehabilitation cost and user cost, as well as slightly lower vulnerability cost. Furthermore, with the increase in the main span and the decrease in the unit price of CFRP cables, the LCC advantage of the long-span CFRP cable-stayed bridge becomes more obvious.

KeywordsCable-stayed bridge; Carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer; Life-cycle cost; Long-span
FunderNational Natural Science Foundation of China
Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Science and Technology Beijing, China
Beijing University of Technology, China
Centre for Future Materials (Operations)
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