Shrinkage behavior enhancement of infra-lightweight concrete through FRP grid reinforcement and development of their shrinkage prediction models

Article


Liu, Yue, Tafsirojjaman, T., Dogar, Attiq Ur Rahman and Huckler, Alexander. 2020. "Shrinkage behavior enhancement of infra-lightweight concrete through FRP grid reinforcement and development of their shrinkage prediction models." Construction and Building Materials. 258, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.119649
Article Title

Shrinkage behavior enhancement of infra-lightweight concrete through FRP grid reinforcement and development of their shrinkage prediction models

ERA Journal ID3470
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsLiu, Yue (Author), Tafsirojjaman, T. (Author), Dogar, Attiq Ur Rahman (Author) and Huckler, Alexander (Author)
Journal TitleConstruction and Building Materials
Journal Citation258, pp. 1-12
Article Number119649
Number of Pages12
Year2020
PublisherElsevier
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN0950-0618
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.119649
Web Address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0950061820316548
Abstract

Infra-lightweight concrete (ILC) is an efficient alternative of normal concrete (NC) for structural applications with low strength but high thermal performance requirements. Three types of ILCs with dry densities 600, 700 and 800 kg/m3 have been manufactured by using high water to cement ratio (w/c) and expanded clay lightweight aggregates (ECLAs). Experimental studies showed that shrinkage strains in ILCs can be up-to 1.51 mm/m as compared to 0.2–0.8 mm/m for NCs, which affects the structural durability of ILCs. To control shrinkage strains of ILCs, ILCs have been then reinforced with two types of fiber reinforced polymers (FRPs): carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) and glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP). For each type of FRP, two different grid arrangements of size 21 × 21 mm and 25 × 25 mm have been used. Although all FRP grid reinforcements are effective as they reduced the shrinkage strains significantly and close to the shrinkage strains of NCs, CFRP reinforcement with 25 × 25 mm grid is most effective as it reduced the shrinkage strains up-to the maximum level. Also, experimental shrinkage strains have been compared with five commonly used prediction models and it has been found that each model failed to accurately predict the shrinkage strains. Therefore, a new prediction model has been developed by modifying one of the existing model i.e. B3 model for shrinkage prediction of ILC which considers the effect of water content, compressive strength and dry density. Another prediction model for FRP reinforced ILCs has also been developed to incorporate the influence of any type of reinforcement in ILC. A comparison of modified prediction models with experimental results has shown that the models can predict shrinkage accurately and can be utilized for normal ILCs as well as reinforced ILCs.

KeywordsInfra-lightweight concrete (ILC), shrinkage strains, FRP reinforced ILC, shrinkage prediction model of ILC, shrinkage prediction model of reinforced ILC
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020400506. Earthquake engineering
400599. Civil engineering not elsewhere classified
400510. Structural engineering
401602. Composite and hybrid materials
Byline AffiliationsBeijing University of Technology, China
Queensland University of Technology
University of Central Punjab, Pakistan
Technical University of Berlin, Germany
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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