Potential pozzolanicity of Algerian calcined bentonite used as cement replacement: optimisation of calcination temperature and effect on strength of self-compacting mortars

Article


El-Abidine Laidani, Zine, Benabed, Benchaa, Abousnina, Rajab, Gueddouda, M. Kamal and Khatib, M. Jamal. 2022. "Potential pozzolanicity of Algerian calcined bentonite used as cement replacement: optimisation of calcination temperature and effect on strength of self-compacting mortars." European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering. 26 (4), pp. 1379-1401. https://doi.org/10.1080/19648189.2020.1713898
Article Title

Potential pozzolanicity of Algerian calcined bentonite used as cement replacement: optimisation of calcination temperature and effect on strength of self-compacting mortars

ERA Journal ID200461
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsEl-Abidine Laidani, Zine (Author), Benabed, Benchaa (Author), Abousnina, Rajab (Author), Gueddouda, M. Kamal (Author) and Khatib, M. Jamal (Author)
Journal TitleEuropean Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering
Journal Citation26 (4), pp. 1379-1401
Number of Pages23
Year2022
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN1964-8189
2116-7214
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/19648189.2020.1713898
Web Address (URL)https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/19648189.2020.1713898
Abstract

The effect of using calcined bentonite (CB) as a partial replacement for Ordinary Portland cement (OPC) in self-compacting mortar (SCM) is investigated. The pozzolanicity of this calcined clay is evaluated using the strength activity index and TG/ATD analysis. The cement in SCM has been replaced with CB at 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30% by mass of cement. The effect of CB on fresh SCM properties is examined using mini-slump flow and V-funnel flow time. The compressive strength is determined at the age of 3, 7 and 28days, and the ultrasonic pulse velocity (UPV), hardened density and water absorption are determined at the age of 28days. The behaviour of SCM exposed to high temperature is also studied. The results indicate that CB significantly decreased the flowability of SCM, but these results are good enough for SCM and SCC production. Incorporating 10 and 15% of CB improves the compressive strength and UPV. Water absorption tends to increase slightly with an increase in CB content and there is a decrease in density as the amount of CB increases. SCM containing CB is stronger when exposed to high temperature than those exposed to normal temperature (23C).

KeywordsCalcined bentonite; fresh properties; pozzolanicity; SCM; strength; water absorption; high temperature
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020400505. Construction materials
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Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Laghouat, Algeria
Centre for Future Materials
Beirut Arab University, Lebanon
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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