Effect of Training Phase on Physical and Physiological Parameters of Male Powerlifters

Article


Hackett, Daniel A., Wilson, Guy C., Mitchell, Lachlan, Haghighi, Marjan Mosalman, Clarke, Jillian L., Mavros, Yorgi, O'Connor, Helen, Hagstrom, Amanda D., Slater, Gary J., Keogh, Justin and McLellan, Chris. 2020. "Effect of Training Phase on Physical and Physiological Parameters of Male Powerlifters." Sports. 8 (8), pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8080106
Article Title

Effect of Training Phase on Physical and Physiological Parameters of Male Powerlifters

ERA Journal ID211379
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsHackett, Daniel A. (Author), Wilson, Guy C. (Author), Mitchell, Lachlan (Author), Haghighi, Marjan Mosalman (Author), Clarke, Jillian L. (Author), Mavros, Yorgi (Author), O'Connor, Helen (Author), Hagstrom, Amanda D. (Author), Slater, Gary J. (Author), Keogh, Justin (Author) and McLellan, Chris (Author)
Journal TitleSports
Journal Citation8 (8), pp. 1-12
Article Number106
Number of Pages12
Year2020
PublisherMDPI AG
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
ISSN2075-4663
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8080106
Web Address (URL)https://www.mdpi.com/2075-4663/8/8/106
Abstract

Longitudinal research on training and dietary practices of natural powerlifters is limited. This study investigated the effect of phases of training on physical and physiological parameters in male natural powerlifters. Nine participants completed testing at two time points: (i) preparatory phase (~3 months prior to a major competition) and (ii) competition phase (1–2 weeks from a major competition). No significant changes between training phases were found for muscle strength and power. A trend for significance was found for decreased muscle endurance of the lower body (−24.4%, p = 0.08). A significant increase in leg lean mass was found at the competition phase (2.3%, p = 0.04), although no changes for other body composition measures were observed. No change was observed for any health marker except a trend for increased urinary creatinine clearance at the competition phase (12.5%, p = 0.08). A significant reduction in training volume for the lower body (−75.0%, p = 0.04) and a trend for a decrease in total energy intake (−17.0%, p = 0.06) was observed during the competition phase. Despite modifications in training and dietary practices, it appears that muscle performance, body composition, and health status remain relatively stable between training phases in male natural powerlifters.

Keywordstraining periodization; strength athletes; muscle power; athletic performance
Contains Sensitive ContentDoes not contain sensitive content
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020420799. Sports science and exercise not elsewhere classified
Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Sydney
University College Dublin, Ireland
University of New South Wales
University of the Sunshine Coast
Bond University
School of Health and Wellbeing
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Permalink -

https://research.usq.edu.au/item/q5xz6/effect-of-training-phase-on-physical-and-physiological-parameters-of-male-powerlifters

  • 115
    total views
  • 60
    total downloads
  • 1
    views this month
  • 3
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

The Recovery Umbrella in the World of Elite Sport: Do Not Forget the Coaching and Performance Staff
Calleja-Gonzalez, Julio, Bird, Stephen P., Huyghe, Thomas, Jukic, Igor, Cuzzolin, Francesco, Cos, Francesco, Marques-Jimenez, Diego, Milanovic, Luka, Sampaio, Jaime, Lopez-Laval, Isaac, Ostojic, Sergej M., Jones, Margaret T., Alcaraz, Pedro E., Schelling, Xavi, Delextrat, Anne, Singh, Meeta, Charest, Jonathan, Freitas, Tomas T., Ronda, Lorena Torres, ..., McLellan, Chris. 2021. "The Recovery Umbrella in the World of Elite Sport: Do Not Forget the Coaching and Performance Staff." Sports. 9 (12), pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports9120169
Let’s Play Ball: COVID-19 Graduated Return to Play Guidlelines
Bird, Stephen P., Bouaaphone, Anousith, Osborne, Hamish, Downer, Mel and McLellan, Chris. 2022. "Let’s Play Ball: COVID-19 Graduated Return to Play Guidlelines." British Journal of Sports Medicine.
Predicting the progressive resistance and balance training response of community-dwelling older adults accessing aged care support services: A stepped-wedge randomised controlled trial
Keogh, Justin W. L., Henwood, Tim, Hetherington, Sharon, Gardiner, Paul A., Tuckett, Anthony G., Rouse, Kevin and Swinton, Paul. 2022. "Predicting the progressive resistance and balance training response of community-dwelling older adults accessing aged care support services: A stepped-wedge randomised controlled trial." Australasian Journal on Ageing. 41 (4), pp. 530-541. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajag.13039
A cross-sectional comparison of quality of life between physically active and underactive older men with prostate cancer
Boisen, Samara, Krageloh, Chris, Shepherd, Daniel, Ryan, Clare, Masters, Jonathan, Osborne, Sue, MacLeod, Rod D., Gray, Marion and Keogh, Justin W.. 2016. "A cross-sectional comparison of quality of life between physically active and underactive older men with prostate cancer." Journal of Aging and Physical Activity. 24 (4), pp. 642-648. https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.2015-0195
Summated training and match load predictors of salivary immunoglobulin-A, alpha-amylase, testosterone, cortisol and T:C profile changes in elite-level professional football players: A longitudinal analysis
Springham, Matthew, Williams, Sean, Waldron, Mark, McLellan, Chris and Newton, Robert U.. 2022. "Summated training and match load predictors of salivary immunoglobulin-A, alpha-amylase, testosterone, cortisol and T:C profile changes in elite-level professional football players: A longitudinal analysis." European Journal of Sport Science. 22 (8), pp. 1156-1166. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2021.1949638
Sprint Interval Training Decreases Circulating MicroRNAs Important for Muscle Development
Denham, Joshua, Gray, Adrian, Scott-Hamilton, John and Hagstrom, Amanda D.. 2018. "Sprint Interval Training Decreases Circulating MicroRNAs Important for Muscle Development." International Journal of Sports Medicine. 39 (1), pp. 67-72. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0043-120763
microRNAs in High and Low Responders to Resistance Training in Breast Cancer Survivors
Hagstrom, Amanda D. and Denham, Joshua. 2018. "microRNAs in High and Low Responders to Resistance Training in Breast Cancer Survivors." International Journal of Sports Medicine. 39 (6), pp. 482-489. https://doi.org/10.1055/a-0592-7691
The Effect of Resistance Training on Telomere Length in Women Recovering from Breast Cancer
Hagstrom, Amanda D. and Denham, Joshua. 2018. "The Effect of Resistance Training on Telomere Length in Women Recovering from Breast Cancer." Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology. 3 (1), pp. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk3010009
Small non-coding RNAs are altered by short-term sprint interval training in men
Denham, Joshua, Gray, Adrian J., Scott-Hamilton, John, Hagstrom, Amanda D. and Murphy, Aron J.. 2018. "Small non-coding RNAs are altered by short-term sprint interval training in men." Physiological Reports. 6 (7), pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.14814/phy2.13653
Cycling power outputs predict functional threshold power and maximum oxygen uptake
Denham, Joshua, Scott-Hamilton, John, Hagstrom, Amanda D. and Gray, Adrian J.. 2021. "Cycling power outputs predict functional threshold power and maximum oxygen uptake." Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 34 (12), pp. 3489-3497. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000002253
Acceptability, Compliance, and Safety of Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Cachectic Participants Continuing Compassionate Access in the ACCeRT Clinical Study
Rogers, Elaine S., Sasidharan, Rita, Sequeira, Graeme M., Wood, Matthew R., Bird, Stephen P., Keogh, Justin W. L., Arroll, Bruce, Stewart, Joanna and MacLeod, Roderick D.. 2022. "Acceptability, Compliance, and Safety of Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Cachectic Participants Continuing Compassionate Access in the ACCeRT Clinical Study." Journal of Health Science and Medical Research. 40 (3), pp. 335-347. https://doi.org/10.31584/jhsmr.2021842
Progressive resistance plus balance training for older australians receiving in-home care services: cost-effectiveness analyses alongside the muscling up against disability stepped-wedge randomized control trial
Hetherington, Sharon, Swinton, Paul, Henwood, Tim, Keogh, Justin, Gardiner, Paul, Tuckett, Anthony, Rouse, Kevin and Comans, Tracy. 2020. "Progressive resistance plus balance training for older australians receiving in-home care services: cost-effectiveness analyses alongside the muscling up against disability stepped-wedge randomized control trial." Journal of Aging and Physical Activity. 28 (3), pp. 352-359. https://doi.org/10.1123/JAPA.2019-0085
Sarc-F and muscle function in community dwelling adults with aged care service needs: baseline and post-training relationship
Keogh, Justin W. L., Henwood, Tim, Gardiner, Paul A., Tuckett, Anthony G., Hetherington, Sharon, Rouse, Kevin and Swinton, Paul. 2019. "Sarc-F and muscle function in community dwelling adults with aged care service needs: baseline and post-training relationship." PEERJ. 7, pp. 1-19. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.8140
Engineering improved balance confidence in older adults with complex health care needs: learning from the Muscling Up Against Disability Study
Hetherington, Sharon, Henwood, Tim, Swinton, Paul, Keogh, Justin, Gardiner, Paul, Tuckett, Anthony and Rouse, Kevin. 2018. "Engineering improved balance confidence in older adults with complex health care needs: learning from the Muscling Up Against Disability Study." Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 99 (8), pp. 1525-1532. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.03.004
Co-expression analysis identifies networks of miRNAs implicated in biological ageing and modulated by short-term interval training
Dev, Prasun Kumar, Gray, Adrian J., Scott-Hamilton, John, Hagstrom, Amanda D., Murphy, Aron and Denham, Joshua. 2021. "Co-expression analysis identifies networks of miRNAs implicated in biological ageing and modulated by short-term interval training." Mechanisms of Ageing and Development. 199. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mad.2021.111552
Does Strength-Promoting Exercise Confer Unique Health Benefits? A Pooled Analysis of Data on 11 Population Cohorts With All-Cause, Cancer, and Cardiovascular Mortality Endpoints
Stamatakis, Emmanuel, Lee, I.-Min, Bennie, Jason, Freeston, Jonathan, Hamer, Mark, O’Donovan, Gary, Ding, Ding, Bauman, Adrian and Mavros, Yorgi. 2018. "Does Strength-Promoting Exercise Confer Unique Health Benefits? A Pooled Analysis of Data on 11 Population Cohorts With All-Cause, Cancer, and Cardiovascular Mortality Endpoints." American Journal of Epidemiology. 187 (5), pp. 1102-1112. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwx345
Quantifying the effects of acute altitude exposure on exercise performance and capacity: a systematic review and meta-regression
Deb, Sanjoy K., Brown, Daniel R., Gough, Lewis A., McLellan, Christopher P. M., Swinton, Paul A., Sparks, S. Andy and McNaughton, Lars R.. 2017. "Quantifying the effects of acute altitude exposure on exercise performance and capacity: a systematic review and meta-regression." European Journal of Sport Science. 18 (2), pp. 243-256. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2017.1410233
Perceived Wellness Associated With Practice and Competition in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I Football Players
Wellman, Aaron D., Coad, Sam, Flynn, Patrick J., Siam, Ty K. and McLellan, Christopher. 2019. "Perceived Wellness Associated With Practice and Competition in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I Football Players." Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 33 (1), pp. 112-124. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002169
Body composition influences blood pressure during submaximal graded test in women
Kerherve, Hugo A., Harvey, Leonie M., Eagles, Alexander N., McLellan, Chris and Lovell, Dale. 2020. "Body composition influences blood pressure during submaximal graded test in women." Obesity Research and Clinical Practice. 14 (5), pp. 462-466. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orcp.2020.08.008
Individual and combined effects of acute and chronic running loads on injury risk in elite Australian footballers
Murray, N. B., Gabbett, T. J., Townshend, A. D., Hulin, B. T. and McLellan, C. P.. 2017. "Individual and combined effects of acute and chronic running loads on injury risk in elite Australian footballers." Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports. 27 (9), pp. 990-998. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12719
Women’s Football: An Examination of Factors That Influence Movement Patterns
Griffin, Jesse, Larsen, Brianna, Horan, Sean, Keogh, Justin, Dodd, Karl, Andreatta, Melissa and Minahan, Clare. 2020. "Women’s Football: An Examination of Factors That Influence Movement Patterns." Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 34 (8), pp. 2384-2393. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003638
Fatigue Indices and Perceived Exertion Highlight Ergometer Specificity for Repeated Sprint Ability Testing
Kerherve, Hugo A., Stewart, David G., McLellan, Chris and Lovell, Dale. 2020. "Fatigue Indices and Perceived Exertion Highlight Ergometer Specificity for Repeated Sprint Ability Testing." Frontiers in Sports and Active Living. 2, pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fspor.2020.00045
Monitoring of In-Season Salivary Alpha Amylase Trends for Professional Australian Rules Footballers
Coad, S., Wellman, A., Gray, B. and McLellan, C.. 2018. "Monitoring of In-Season Salivary Alpha Amylase Trends for Professional Australian Rules Footballers." Journal of Athletic Enhancement. 7 (3), pp. 1-6. https://doi.org/10.4172/2324-9080.1000297
Prior workload has moderate effects on high-intensity match performance in elite-level professional football players when controlling for situational and contextual variables
Springham, Matthew, Williams, Sean, Waldron, Mark, Strudwick, Anthony J., McLellan, Chris and Newton, Robert U.. 2020. "Prior workload has moderate effects on high-intensity match performance in elite-level professional football players when controlling for situational and contextual variables." Journal of Sports Sciences. 38 (20), pp. 2279-2290. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2020.1778355
Basketball New Zealand guidelines: safe return to training for players in preparation for a condensed National Basketball League season following Covid-19 restrictions
Bird, Stephen P., Osborne, Hamish, King, Leonard, Belles, Lidia, Nolan, Emily and McLellan, Chris. 2020. "Basketball New Zealand guidelines: safe return to training for players in preparation for a condensed National Basketball League season following Covid-19 restrictions." New Zealand Journal of Sports Medicine. 47 (1), pp. 49-53.
Updated protocol and guest participant results from the ACCeRT clinical study
Rogers, Elaine S., Sasidharan, Rita, Sequeira, Graeme M., Wood, Matthew R., Bird, Stephen P., Keogh, Justin W.L., Arroll, Bruce, Stewart, Joanna and MacLeod, Roderick D.. 2020. "Updated protocol and guest participant results from the ACCeRT clinical study." Journal of Basic Research in Medical Sciences. 7 (1), pp. 10-21.
A multi-targeted treatment approch to cancer cachexia: Auckland's Cancer Cachexia evaluating Resistance Training (ACCeRT) trial
Rogers, Elaine S., Sasidharan, Rita, Sequeira, Graeme M., Wood, Matthew R., Bird, Stephen P., Keogh, Justin W.L., Arroll, Bruce, Stewart, Joanna and MacLeod, Roderick D.. 2020. "A multi-targeted treatment approch to cancer cachexia: Auckland's Cancer Cachexia evaluating Resistance Training (ACCeRT) trial." JCSM Rapid Communications. 3 (1), pp. 11-24. https://doi.org/10.1002/rco2.10
Psychometric viability of measures of functional performance commonly used for people with dementia: a systematic review of measurement properties
Fox, Benjamin, Henwood, Timothy, Keogh, Justin and Neville, Christine. 2016. "Psychometric viability of measures of functional performance commonly used for people with dementia: a systematic review of measurement properties." JBI Database Systematic Review Implementation Reports. 14 (8), pp. 115-171. https://doi.org/10.11124/JBISRIR-2016-003064
Relative and absolute reliability of functional performance measures for adults with dementia living in residential aged care
Fox, Benjamin, Henwood, Timothy, Neville, Christine and Keogh, Justin. 2014. "Relative and absolute reliability of functional performance measures for adults with dementia living in residential aged care." International Psychogeriatrics. 26 (10), pp. 1659-1667. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610214001124
Associations between multiple indicators of socio-economic status and muscle-strengthening activity participation in a nationally representative population sample of Australian adults
Freeston, Jonathan, Gale, Joanne, Mavros, Yorgi, Bennie, Jason A., Pedisic, Zeljko, Bauman, Adrian E. and Stamatakis, Emmanuel. 2017. "Associations between multiple indicators of socio-economic status and muscle-strengthening activity participation in a nationally representative population sample of Australian adults." Preventive Medicine. 102, pp. 44-48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2017.06.020
Monitoring neuromuscular fatigue in team-sport athletes using a cycle-ergometer test
Wehbe, George, Gabbett, Tim, Dwyer, Dan, McLellan, Christopher and Coad, Sam. 2015. "Monitoring neuromuscular fatigue in team-sport athletes using a cycle-ergometer test." International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 10 (3), pp. 292-297. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2014-0217
Reliability of a cycle ergometer peak power test in running-based team sport athletes: a technical report
Wehbe, George M., Gabbett, Tim J., Hartwig, Timothy B. and McLellan, Christopher P.. 2015. "Reliability of a cycle ergometer peak power test in running-based team sport athletes: a technical report." Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 29 (7), pp. 2050-2055. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000814