Drowning and aquatic injuries dictionary

Article


Szpilman, David, Palacios Aguilar, Jose, Queiroga, Ana Catarina, Barcala-Furelos, Roberto, Baker, Shayne, Dunne, Cody, Peden, Amy E., Brander, Rob, Claesson, Andreas, Avramidis, Stathis, Leavy, Justine, Linnea Luckhaus, Jamie, Manino, Leonardo A., Marques, Olga, Nyitrai, Nina Joy, Pascual-Gomez, Luis-Miguel, Springer, Leonardo, Stanley, Teresa Jane and Venema, Allart M.. 2021. "Drowning and aquatic injuries dictionary." Resuscitation Plus. 5, pp. 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resplu.2020.100072
Article Title

Drowning and aquatic injuries dictionary

ERA Journal ID214072
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsSzpilman, David (Author), Palacios Aguilar, Jose (Author), Queiroga, Ana Catarina (Author), Barcala-Furelos, Roberto (Author), Baker, Shayne (Author), Dunne, Cody (Author), Peden, Amy E. (Author), Brander, Rob (Author), Claesson, Andreas (Author), Avramidis, Stathis (Author), Leavy, Justine (Author), Linnea Luckhaus, Jamie (Author), Manino, Leonardo A. (Author), Marques, Olga (Author), Nyitrai, Nina Joy (Author), Pascual-Gomez, Luis-Miguel (Author), Springer, Leonardo (Author), Stanley, Teresa Jane (Author) and Venema, Allart M. (Author)
Journal TitleResuscitation Plus
Journal Citation5, pp. 1-6
Article Number100072
Number of Pages6
Year2021
PublisherElsevier BV
Place of PublicationNetherlands
ISSN2666-5204
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resplu.2020.100072
Web Address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2666520420300734
Abstract

Background
Drowning is a significant public health issue with more than 320,000 deaths globally every year. These numbers are greatly underestimated, however, due to factors such as inadequate data collection, inconsistent categorization and failure to report in certain regions and cultures.

The objective of this study was to develop a standardised drowning dictionary using a consensus-based approach. Through creation of this resource, improved clarity amongst stakeholders will be achieved and, as a result, so will our understanding of the drowning issue.

Methodology
A list of terms and their definitions were created and sent to 16 drowning experts with a broad range of backgrounds across four continents and six languages. A review was conducted using a modified Delphi process over five rounds. A sixth round was done by an external panel evaluating the terms’ content validity.

Results
The drowning dictionary included more than 350 terms. Of these, less than 10% had been previously published in peer review literature. On average, the external expert validity endorsing the dictionary shows a Scale Content Validity index (S-CVI/Ave) of 0.91, exceeding the scientific recommended value. Ninety one percent of the items present an I-CVI (Level Content Validity Index) value considered acceptable (> 0.78). The endorsement was not a universal agreement (S-CVI/UA:0.44).

Conclusion
The drowning dictionary provides a common language, and the authors envisage that its use will facilitate collaboration and comparison across prevention sectors, education, research, policy and treatment. The dictionary will be open to readers for discussion and further review at www.idra.world.

Keywordsdrowning, dictionary, prevention, definition, terminology
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020399999. Other education not elsewhere classified
429999. Other health sciences not elsewhere classified
Byline AffiliationsInternational Drowning Researcher Alliance, United States
Open access urlhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2666520420300734
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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