Comparison of breed, slaughter weight and castration on fatty acid profiles in the longissimus thoracic muscle from male Boer and Australian feral goats

Article


Pratiwi, N. M. Werdi, Murray, P. J., Taylor, D. G. and Zhang, D.. 2006. "Comparison of breed, slaughter weight and castration on fatty acid profiles in the longissimus thoracic muscle from male Boer and Australian feral goats." Small Ruminant Research. 64 (1-2), pp. 94-100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smallrumres.2005.04.002
Article Title

Comparison of breed, slaughter weight and castration on fatty acid profiles in the longissimus thoracic muscle from male Boer and Australian feral goats

ERA Journal ID5458
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsPratiwi, N. M. Werdi (Author), Murray, P. J. (Author), Taylor, D. G. (Author) and Zhang, D. (Author)
Journal TitleSmall Ruminant Research
Journal Citation64 (1-2), pp. 94-100
Number of Pages7
Year2006
Place of PublicationNetherlands
ISSN0197-7393
0921-4488
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smallrumres.2005.04.002
Web Address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921448805001203
Abstract

This study was undertaken to examine the effect of breed, slaughter weight and castration on fatty acid profiles in the longissimus thoracic muscle from Boer and Australian feral goats. Twenty-three male Boer and 21 male Australian feral goats were assigned to three slaughter weights target (5, 30, and 60 kg), and 10 kids from each breed were castrated. All fatty acid compositions determined of the longissimus thoracic muscle from Boer and Australian feral goats were significantly (P ≤ 0.01) affected by slaughter weight. The fatty acid content of the longissimus thoracic muscles from both goat breeds were primarily composed of oleic acid (43.3–53.8%), followed by palmitic acid (22.5–27.9%) and stearic acid (10.7–18.1%). Oleic and palmitic acids increased while stearic acid decreased with an increase in slaughter weight. The percentage of stearic, linoleic and total saturated fatty acids were lower in muscle taken from the castrated animals in both breeds. Compared to the Australian feral bucks, the fatty acid content of longissimus thoracic muscle from the Boer goats contained higher unsaturated, mono-unsaturated and poly-unsaturated fatty acids, which are considered as desirable fatty acids. Thus the fatty acid profiles of longissimus thoracic muscle from Boer and Australian feral goats were affected by slaughter weight, and castration of bucks changed the fatty acid profiles. For health conscious consumers of goat meat, the longissimus thoracic muscle from Boer goats is healthier, in term of its fatty acids composition than the longissimus thoracic muscle from Australian feral goats.

KeywordsBoer goat; Feral goat; Castration; Fatty acid; Longissimus thoracic muscle
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020300305. Animal reproduction and breeding
310911. Animal structure and function
300301. Animal growth and development
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Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Queensland
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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Bista, Damber, Baxter, Greg S., Hudson, Nicholas J., Lama, Sonam Tashi, Weerman, Janno and Murray, Peter John. 2021. "Movement and dispersal of a habitat specialist in human-dominated landscapes: a case study of the red panda." Movement Ecology. 9, pp. 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40462-021-00297-z
Identification and prevalence of a gammaherpesvirus in free-ranging northern brown bandicoots (Isoodon macrourus)
Langhorne, Charlotte, Sullivan, Jennifer, Hoy, Julia, Kopp, Steven, Murray, Peter and McMichael, Lee. 2021. "Identification and prevalence of a gammaherpesvirus in free-ranging northern brown bandicoots (Isoodon macrourus)." Journal of Wildlife Disease. 57 (4), pp. 912-916. https://doi.org/10.7589/JWD-D-20-00166
Do livestock injure and kill koalas? Insights from wildlife hospital and rescue group admissions and an online survey of livestock–koala conflicts
Jiang, Alex, Tribe, Andrew, Phillips, Clive and Murray, Peter John. 2021. "Do livestock injure and kill koalas? Insights from wildlife hospital and rescue group admissions and an online survey of livestock–koala conflicts." Animals. 11 (9), pp. 1-17. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11092684
First record of Bengal Tiger, Panthera tigris tigris Linnaeus, 1758 (Felidae), in eastern Nepal
Bista, Damber, Tashi Lama, Sonam, Shrestha, Janam, Rumba, Yam Bahadur, Weerman, Janno, Thapa, Maghuri Karki, Acharya, Haribhadra, Sherpa, Ang Phuri, Hudson, Nicholas J., Baxter, Greg S. and Murray, Peter John. 2021. "First record of Bengal Tiger, Panthera tigris tigris Linnaeus, 1758 (Felidae), in eastern Nepal." Check List. 17 (5), pp. 1249-1253. https://doi.org/10.15560/17.5.1249
Habitat influence on activity patterns of brush-tailed rock-wallabies in Queensland
Botma, Kiarra-Lea, Shapland, Felicity, Hoy, Julia M., Pritchard, Tanya and Murray, Peter J.. 2021. "Habitat influence on activity patterns of brush-tailed rock-wallabies in Queensland." Australian Journal of Zoology. 68 (3), pp. 136-144. https://doi.org/10.1071/ZO20090
Haematology and serum biochemistry results for anaesthetised northern brown bandicoots (Isoodon macrourus) in south east Queensland
Langhorne, Charlotte, McMichael, Lee, Hoy, Julia, Kopp, Stephen and Murray, Peter. 2021. "Haematology and serum biochemistry results for anaesthetised northern brown bandicoots (Isoodon macrourus) in south east Queensland." Australian Veterinary Journal. 99 (9), pp. 408-411. https://doi.org/10.1111/avj.13098
Effect of disturbances and habitat fragmentation on an arboreal habitat specialist mammal using GPS telemetry: a case of the red panda
Bista, Damber, Baxter, Greg S., Hudson, Nicholas J., Lama, Sonam Tashi and Murray, Peter John. 2022. "Effect of disturbances and habitat fragmentation on an arboreal habitat specialist mammal using GPS telemetry: a case of the red panda." Landscape Ecology. 37 (3), pp. 795-809. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10980-021-01357-w
Aging Sambar (Rusa unicolor) using Cementum Annuli and eruption and wear: implications for predicting populations
Watter, Kurt, Thomas, Elaine, White, Neil, Finch, Neal and Murray, Peter J.. 2021. "Aging Sambar (Rusa unicolor) using Cementum Annuli and eruption and wear: implications for predicting populations." Wildlife Society Bulletin. 45 (3), pp. 383-389. https://doi.org/10.1002/wsb.1216
Clinical pathology of captive endangered mahogany gliders (Petaurus gracilis) in responses to environmental change
McMichael, Lee, Adam, Darlene, Tribe, Andrew, Bynon, Brian, Bradshaw, Lana, Hoy, Julia, Murray, Peter and Kopp, Steven. 2021. "Clinical pathology of captive endangered mahogany gliders (Petaurus gracilis) in responses to environmental change." Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 52 (1), pp. 268-275. https://doi.org/10.1638/2019-0163
In situ training of brushtail possums to use microchip-automated doors
Watson, Shania J., Hoy, Julia M., Edwards, Megan C. and Murray, Peter J.. 2021. "In situ training of brushtail possums to use microchip-automated doors." Wildlife Society Bulletin. 45 (3), pp. 390-395. https://doi.org/10.1002/wsb.1217
Boer goats under the microscope. Part 2. Are Boer bucks best?
Murray, Peter, Sumarmono, Juni and Werdi Pratiwi, Ni Made. 2002. "Boer goats under the microscope. Part 2. Are Boer bucks best?" Boer Briefs. Winter 2002 (29), pp. 18-24.
Boer goats under the microscope. Part 1. Are Boer bucks best?
Murray, Peter, Sumarmono, Juni and Werdi Pratiwi, Ni Made. 2002. "Boer goats under the microscope. Part 1. Are Boer bucks best?" Boer Briefs. Autumn 2002 (28), pp. 10-17.
Myth or fact: you can't catch an Echidna in a trap?
O'Hara, Patricia, Flint, Mark and Murray, Peter. 2003. "Myth or fact: you can't catch an Echidna in a trap?" Australian Biologist. 16 (2), pp. 91-93.
Towards a profitable and sustainable future for grain growers - a professional development model for farm partners
Murray, Chris, Condell, Jillian and Murray, Peter. 2005. "Towards a profitable and sustainable future for grain growers - a professional development model for farm partners." International Journal of Education and Development Using Information and Communication Technology. 1 (4), pp. 89-100.
Animal management in the Australian rangelands
Finch, Neal, Murray, Peter, Dunn, Mark and Billingsley, John. 2008. "Animal management in the Australian rangelands." SPIE Newsroom. https://doi.org/10.1117/2.1200801.0960
Relaxed predation theory: size, sex and brains matter
Edwards, Megan C., Hoy, Julia M., FitzGibbon, Sean I. and Murray, Peter J.. 2021. "Relaxed predation theory: size, sex and brains matter." Biological Reviews. 96 (1), pp. 153-161. https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12611
Current and future goat production in Jembrana Regency, Bali Province
Doloksaribu, L., McLachlan, B. P., Copland, R. S. and Murray, Peter. 2018. "Current and future goat production in Jembrana Regency, Bali Province." 1st International Conference on Food and Agriculture 2018. Bali, Indonesia 20 - 21 Oct 2018 United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/207/1/012027
Effect of time and diet change on the bacterial community structure throughout the gastrointestinal tract and in faeces of the northern brown bandicoot, Isoodon macrourus
O'Hara, Patricia J., Klieve, Athol V., Murray, Peter J., Maguire, Anita J., Ouwerkerk, Diane and Harper, Karen. 2016. "Effect of time and diet change on the bacterial community structure throughout the gastrointestinal tract and in faeces of the northern brown bandicoot, Isoodon macrourus." Australian Journal of Zoology. 64 (1), pp. 48-60. https://doi.org/10.1071/ZO15078
The effects of acute exposure to mining machinery noise on the behaviour of eastern blue-tongued lizards (Tiliqua scincoides)
Mancera, K. F., Murray, P. J., Lisle, A., Dupont, C., Faucheux, F. and Phillips, C. J. C.. 2017. "The effects of acute exposure to mining machinery noise on the behaviour of eastern blue-tongued lizards (Tiliqua scincoides)." Animal Welfare. 26 (1), pp. 11-24. https://doi.org/10.7120/09627286.26.1.011
How to train your wildlife: A review of predator avoidance training
Edwards, Megan C., Ford, Caitlin, Hoy, Julia M., FitzGibbon, Sean and Murray, Peter J.. 2020. "How to train your wildlife: A review of predator avoidance training." Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 234, pp. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2020.105170
Seasonal diet preferences of chital deer in the northern Queensland dry tropics, Australia
Watter, Kurt, Baxter, Greg, Brennan, Michael, Pople, T. and Murray, Peter. 2020. "Seasonal diet preferences of chital deer in the northern Queensland dry tropics, Australia." The Rangeland Journal. 42 (3), pp. 211-220. https://doi.org/10.1071/RJ20015
Dietary overlap between cattle and chital in the Queensland dry tropics
Watter, Kurt, Baxter, Greg S., Pople, Anthony and Murray, Peter J.. 2020. "Dietary overlap between cattle and chital in the Queensland dry tropics." The Rangeland Journal. 42 (3), pp. 221-225. https://doi.org/10.1071/RJ20075
Development of the Mata Hari Judas Queen (Felis catus)
Murray, Peter J., Rogie, Melanie, Fraser, Natalie, Hoy, Julia and Kempster, Samantha. 2020. "Development of the Mata Hari Judas Queen (Felis catus)." Animals. 10 (10), pp. 1-14. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10101843
You Are Not My Handler! Impact of Changing Handlers on Dogs’ Behaviours and Detection Performance
Jamieson, La Toya J., Baxter, Greg S. and Murray, Peter J.. 2018. "You Are Not My Handler! Impact of Changing Handlers on Dogs’ Behaviours and Detection Performance." Animals. 8 (10), pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani8100176
Who’s a Good Handler? Important Skills and Personality Profiles of Wildlife Detection Dog Handlers
Jamieson, La Toya J., Baxter, Greg S. and Murray, Peter J.. 2018. "Who’s a Good Handler? Important Skills and Personality Profiles of Wildlife Detection Dog Handlers." Animals. 8 (12), pp. 1-14. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani8120222
Training a wild-born marsupial to use microchip-automated devices: the brush-tailed phascogale (Phascogale tapoatafa) as proof of concept
Edwards, M. C., Hoy, J. M., FitzGibbon, S. and Murray, P. J.. 2018. "Training a wild-born marsupial to use microchip-automated devices: the brush-tailed phascogale (Phascogale tapoatafa) as proof of concept." Australian Mammalogy. 41 (2), pp. 279-282. https://doi.org/10.1071/AM18017
The development of an improved scat survey method for koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus)
Jiang, Alex, Tribe, Andrew and Murray, Peter. 2020. "The development of an improved scat survey method for koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus)." Australian Journal of Zoology. 67 (3), pp. 125-133. https://doi.org/10.1071/ZO20006
Effects of wet season mineral nutrition on chital deer distribution in northern Queensland
Watter, Kurt, Baxter, Greg S., Pople, Tony and Murray, Peter J.. 2019. "Effects of wet season mineral nutrition on chital deer distribution in northern Queensland." Wildlife Research. 46 (6), pp. 499-508. https://doi.org/10.1071/WR19039
Bandicoot bunkers: training wild-caught northern brown bandicoots (Isoodon macrourus) to use microchip-automated safe refuge
Edwards, M. C., Hoy, J. M., FitzGibbon, S. I. and Murray, P. J.. 2020. "Bandicoot bunkers: training wild-caught northern brown bandicoots (Isoodon macrourus) to use microchip-automated safe refuge." Wildlife Research. 47 (3), pp. 239-243. https://doi.org/10.1071/WR19151
What is driving the increased demand for red panda pelts?
Bista, Damber, Baxter, Greg S. and Murray, Peter John. 2020. "What is driving the increased demand for red panda pelts?" Human Dimensions of Wildlife. 25 (4), pp. 324-338. https://doi.org/10.1080/10871209.2020.1728788
Monitoring with microchips: Microchip‐automated doors as a potential novel method for tracking the survival of released Northern Brown Bandicoots
Edwards, Megan C., Hoy, Julia M., FitzGibbon, Sean I. and Murray, Peter J.. 2020. "Monitoring with microchips: Microchip‐automated doors as a potential novel method for tracking the survival of released Northern Brown Bandicoots." Ecological Management and Restoration. 21 (3), pp. 254-256. https://doi.org/10.1111/emr.12434
Reproductive seasonality and rate of increase of wild sambar deer (Rusa unicolor) in a new environment, Victoria, Australia
Watter, K., Thomas, E., White, N., Finch, N. and Murray, P. J.. 2020. "Reproductive seasonality and rate of increase of wild sambar deer (Rusa unicolor) in a new environment, Victoria, Australia." Animal Reproduction Science. 223, pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anireprosci.2020.106630
Where are the platypuses (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) now? A snapshot in time of their distribution in the Greater Brisbane region
Brunt, Tamielle, Cecil, Matt, Griffiths, Josh, Adams-Hosking, Christine and Murray, Peter. 2021. "Where are the platypuses (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) now? A snapshot in time of their distribution in the Greater Brisbane region." Australian Mammalogy. 43, pp. 368-372. https://doi.org/10.1071/AM20052
The 'Toolbox' of strategies for managing Haemonchus contortus in goats: What's in and what's out
Kearney, P. E., Murray, P. J., Hoy, J. M., Hohenhaus, M. and Kotze, A.. 2016. "The 'Toolbox' of strategies for managing Haemonchus contortus in goats: What's in and what's out." Veterinary Parasitology. 220, pp. 93-107. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2016.02.028
Identifying suitable detection dogs
Jamieson, La Toya J., Baxter, Greg S. and Murray, Peter J.. 2017. "Identifying suitable detection dogs." Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 195, pp. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2017.06.010
Development of body, head and brain features in the Australian fat-tailed dunnart (Sminthopsis crassicaudata; Marsupialia: Dasyuridae); A postnatal model of forebrain formation
Suarez, Rodrigo, Paolino, Annalisa, Kozulin, Peter, Fenlon, Laura R., Morcom, Laura R., Englebright, Robert, O'Hara, Patricia J., Murray, Peter J. and Richards, Linda J.. 2017. "Development of body, head and brain features in the Australian fat-tailed dunnart (Sminthopsis crassicaudata; Marsupialia: Dasyuridae); A postnatal model of forebrain formation." PLoS One. 12 (9), pp. 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0184450
Prime real estate for the platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus): Habitat requirements in a peri-urban environment
Brunt, Tamielle, Adams-Hosking, Christine and Murray, Peter. 2018. "Prime real estate for the platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus): Habitat requirements in a peri-urban environment." The Queensland Naturalist. 56 (4/5/6), pp. 25-39.
Microchips for macropods: First use of a microchip-automated door by a bridled nailtail wallaby (Onychogalea fraenata)
Muns, Sabrina J., Hoy, Julia M. and Murray, Peter J.. 2018. "Microchips for macropods: First use of a microchip-automated door by a bridled nailtail wallaby (Onychogalea fraenata)." Zoo Biology. 37 (4), pp. 274-278. https://doi.org/10.1002/zoo.21419
Faecal analysis reveals the insectivorous diet of the Black-breasted Button-quail Turnix melanogaster
Webster, Patrick, Lisle, Allan and Murray, Peter. 2018. "Faecal analysis reveals the insectivorous diet of the Black-breasted Button-quail Turnix melanogaster." Corella. 43, pp. 19-25.
First use of a microchip-automated nest box in situ by a brush-tailed phascogale (Phascogale tapoatafa)
Watson, Shania J., Hoy, Julia M., Edwards, Megan C. and Murray, Peter J.. 2022. "First use of a microchip-automated nest box in situ by a brush-tailed phascogale (Phascogale tapoatafa)." Australian Mammalogy. 44 (1), pp. 139-142. https://doi.org/10.1071/AM20046
Decline in body condition and high drought mortality limit the spread of wild chital deer in north-east Queensland, Australia
Watter, Kurt, Baxter, Greg, Brennan, Michael, Pople, Anthony and Murray, Peter. 2019. "Decline in body condition and high drought mortality limit the spread of wild chital deer in north-east Queensland, Australia." The Rangeland Journal. 41 (4), pp. 293-299. https://doi.org/10.1071/RJ18113
Nutrition and Feeding Strategies
Klieve, Athol V., O'Hara, Patricia and Murray, Peter J.. 2015. "Nutrition and Feeding Strategies." Klieve, Athol, Hogan, Lindsay, Johnston, Stephen and Murray, Peter (ed.) Marsupials and Monotremes: Nature’s Enigmatic Mammals. New York, United States. Nova Science Publishers. pp. 229-260
I just want to count them! Considerations when choosing a deer population monitoring method
Amos, Matthew, Baxter, Greg, Finch, Neal, Lisle, Allan and Murray, Peter. 2014. "I just want to count them! Considerations when choosing a deer population monitoring method." Wildlife Biology. 20 (6), pp. 362-370. https://doi.org/10.2981/wlb.00080
Cattle liveweight estimation using machine vision assessment of objective body measurements: first results
McCarthy, C., Billingsley, J., Finch, N., Murray, P. and Gaughan, J.. 2010. "Cattle liveweight estimation using machine vision assessment of objective body measurements: first results." 28th Biennial Australian Society of Animal Production Conference. Armidale, Australia 11 - 15 Jul 2010 Brisbane, Australia.
Using machine vision classification to control access of animals to water
Finch, N. A., Murray, P. J., Dunn, M. T. and Billingsley, J.. 2006. "Using machine vision classification to control access of animals to water." Animal Production Science. 46 (6-7), pp. 837-839. https://doi.org/10.1071/EA05325
Control of watering point access using machine vision classification of animals
Finch, Neal A., Murray, Peter J., Dunn, Mark T. and Billingsley, John. 2006. "Control of watering point access using machine vision classification of animals." Transactions of the Western Section of the Wildlife Society. 42, pp. 16-19.