Community engagement in pro-poor tourism initiatives: fact or fallacy? Insights from the inside

Article


Saito, Nozomi, Ruhanen, Lisa, Noakes, Steve and Axelsen, Megan. 2017. "Community engagement in pro-poor tourism initiatives: fact or fallacy? Insights from the inside." Tourism Recreation Research. 43 (2), pp. 175-185. https://doi.org/10.1080/02508281.2017.1406566
Article Title

Community engagement in pro-poor tourism initiatives: fact or fallacy? Insights from the inside

ERA Journal ID19694
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsSaito, Nozomi (Author), Ruhanen, Lisa (Author), Noakes, Steve (Author) and Axelsen, Megan (Author)
Journal TitleTourism Recreation Research
Journal Citation43 (2), pp. 175-185
Number of Pages11
Year2017
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN0250-8281
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/02508281.2017.1406566
Web Address (URL)https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02508281.2017.1406566
Abstract

Tourism’s economic impacts are considerable for many developing countries yet those most in need often benefit little from the tourism sector. As such, Pro Poor Tourism (PPT) has been advocated as a means of contributing to poverty alleviation. However, it is acknowledged that such projects may not succeed and this often occurs when PPT projects are not properly managed or when they are implemented without, among other things, appropriate community engagement and mechanisms for capacity development. Arguably the consultant has an important role; not only do they act as the intermediary between the PPT funding agencies and the local community, but they carry out the funding agency’s directives with regards to community engagement. Utilising the insights and perspectives of 17 tourism consultants engaged in PPT projects in developing countries, this study sought to explore the role/s of tourism consultants in PPT projects and their perceptions and experiences of the engagement of local communities in PPT projects. It was found that consultants were cynical of approaches to local community engagement and discussed issues of tokenism, inefficient frameworks and strategies for engagement, and a lack of political will to meaningfully engage local communities.

KeywordsPro-poor tourism; consultants; community engagement; developing countries; tourism development
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020350806. Tourist behaviour and visitor experience
350803. Tourism management
350801. Impacts of tourism
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Byline AffiliationsPADECO, Japan
University of Queensland
Griffith University
Strategic Academic Projects
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