The Use of Percutaneous Thermal Sensing Microchips to Measure Body Temperature in Horses during and after Exercise Using Three Different Cool-Down Methods

Article


Kang, Hyungsuk, Zsoldos, Rebeka R., Skinner, Jazmine E., Gaughan, John B., Mellor, Vincent A. and Sole-Guitart, Albert. 2022. "The Use of Percutaneous Thermal Sensing Microchips to Measure Body Temperature in Horses during and after Exercise Using Three Different Cool-Down Methods." Animals. 12 (10), pp. 1-20. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani12101267
Article Title

The Use of Percutaneous Thermal Sensing Microchips to Measure Body Temperature in Horses during and after Exercise Using Three Different Cool-Down Methods

ERA Journal ID200143
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsKang, Hyungsuk (Author), Zsoldos, Rebeka R. (Author), Skinner, Jazmine E. (Author), Gaughan, John B. (Author), Mellor, Vincent A. (Author) and Sole-Guitart, Albert (Author)
Journal TitleAnimals
Journal Citation12 (10), pp. 1-20
Article Number1267
Number of Pages20
Year2022
PublisherMDPI AG
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
ISSN2076-2615
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/ani12101267
Web Address (URL)https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/12/10/1267
Abstract

The frequent monitoring of a horse’s body temperature post strenuous exercise is critical to prevent or alleviate exertional heat illness (EHI) from occurring. Percutaneous thermal sensing microchip (PTSM) technology has the potential to be used as a means of monitoring a horse’s body temperature during and post-exercise. However, the accuracy of the temperature readings obtained, and their relationship to core body temperature are dependent on where they are implanted. This study aimed to document the relationship between core body temperature, and temperature readings obtained using PTSM implanted in different muscles, during exercise and post application of different cool-down methods. PTSMs were implanted into the right pectoral, right gluteal, right splenius muscles, and nuchal ligament. The temperatures were monitored during treadmill exercise, and post application of three different cool-down methods: no water application (Wno), water application only (Wonly), and water application following scraping (Wscraping). Central venous temperature (TCV) and PTSM temperatures from each region were obtained to investigate the optimal body site for microchip implantation. In this study, PTSM technology provided a practical, safe, and quick means of measuring body temperature in horses. However, its temperature readings varied depending on the implantation site. All muscle temperature readings exhibited strong relationships with TCV (r = 0.85~0.92, p < 0.05) after treadmill exercise without human intervention (water application), while the nuchal ligament temperature showed poor relationship with TCV. The relationships between TCV and PTSM temperatures became weaker with water application. Overall, however the pectoral muscle temperature measured by PTSM technology had the most constant relationships with TCV and showed the best potential to act as an alternate means of monitoring body temperature in horses for 50 min post-exercise, when there was no human intervention with cold water application.

Keywordshorse; percutaneous thermal sensing microchip; body temperature; cool-down method; central venous temperature
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020300902. Veterinary anatomy and physiology
300307. Environmental studies in animal production
300306. Animal welfare
Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Queensland
School of Agricultural, Computational and Environmental Sciences
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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