The linear polarization of Southern bright stars measured at the parts-per-million level

Article


Cotton, Daniel V., Bailey, Jeremy, Kedziora-Chudczer, Lucyna, Bott, Kimberly, Lucas, P. W., Hough, J. H. and Marshall, Jonathan P.. 2016. "The linear polarization of Southern bright stars measured at the parts-per-million level." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 455 (2), pp. 1607-1628. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv2185
Article Title

The linear polarization of Southern bright stars measured at the parts-per-million level

ERA Journal ID1074
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsCotton, Daniel V., Bailey, Jeremy, Kedziora-Chudczer, Lucyna, Bott, Kimberly, Lucas, P. W., Hough, J. H. and Marshall, Jonathan P.
Journal TitleMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Journal Citation455 (2), pp. 1607-1628
Number of Pages22
Year2016
PublisherOxford University Press
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN0035-8711
1365-2966
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv2185
Web Address (URL)https://academic.oup.com/mnras/article/455/2/1607/1104587
Abstract

We report observations of the linear polarization of a sample of 50 nearby Southern bright stars measured to amedian sensitivity of~4.4×10-6.We find larger polarizations and more highly polarized stars than in the previous PlanetPol survey of Northern bright stars. This is attributed to a dustier interstellar medium in the mid-plane of the Galaxy, together with a population containing more B-type stars leading to more intrinsically polarized stars, as well as using a wavelength more sensitive to intrinsic polarization in late-type giants. Significant polarization had been identified for only six stars in the survey group previously, whereas we are now able to deduce intrinsic polarigenic mechanisms for more than 20. The four most highly polarized stars in the sample are the four classical Be stars (α Eri, α Col, η Cen and α Ara). For the three of these objects resolved by interferometry, the position angles are consistent with the orientation of the circumstellar disc determined. We find significant intrinsic polarization in most B stars in the sample; amongst these are a number of close binaries and an unusual binary debris disc system. However, these circumstances do not account for the high polarizations of all the B stars in the sample and other polarigenic mechanisms are explored. Intrinsic polarization is also apparent in several late-type giants which can be attributed to either close, hot circumstellar dust or bright spots in the photosphere of these stars. Aside from a handful of notable debris disc systems, the majority of A-K type stars show polarization levels consistent with interstellar polarization.

KeywordsBe; Binaries: close; ISM: magnetic fields; Polarization; Stars: emission-line; Stars: late-type; Techniques: polarimetric
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Is original form ofErratum: The linear polarization of Southern bright stars measured at the parts-per-million level
ANZSRC Field of Research 20205101. Astronomical sciences
Public Notes

This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2016 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

FunderAustralian Research Council
Byline AffiliationsUniversity of New South Wales
University of Hertfordshire, United Kingdom
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Kedziora-Chudczer, L., Cotton, D. V., Kedziora, D. J. and Bailey, J.. 2017. "The 2 μm spectrum of the auroral emission in the polar regions of Jupiter." Icarus. 294, pp. 156-171. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2017.04.029
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Cotton, Daniel V., Bailey, Jeremy, Howarth, Ian D., Bott, Kimberly, Kedziora-Chudczer, Lucyna, Lucas, P. W. and Hough, J. H.. 2017. "Polarization due to rotational distortion in the bright star Regulus." Nature Astronomy. 1 (10), pp. 690-696. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41550-017-0238-6
What you see and what you get: combining near-infrared spectroscopy with powder diffraction
Maynard-Casely, Helen E., Booth, Norman, Anderberg, Leo, Brand, Helen E. A. and Cotton, Daniel V.. 2017. "What you see and what you get: combining near-infrared spectroscopy with powder diffraction." Powder Diffraction. 32 (S2), pp. S3-S8. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0885715617000884
The polarization of HD 189733
Bott, Kimberly, Bailey, Jeremy, Kedziora-Chudczer, Lucyna, Cotton, Daniel V., Lucas, P. W., Marshall, Jonathan P. and Hough, J. H.. 2016. "The polarization of HD 189733." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters. 459 (1), pp. L109-L113. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnrasl/slw046
Polarization Measurements of Hot Dust Stars and the Local Interstellar Medium
Marshall, J. P., Cotton, D. V., Bott, K., Ertel, S., Kennedy, G. M., Wyatt, M. C., Del Burgo, C., Absil, O., Bailey, J. and Kedziora-Chudczer, L.. 2016. "Polarization Measurements of Hot Dust Stars and the Local Interstellar Medium." The Astrophysical Journal: an international review of astronomy and astronomical physics. 825 (2), pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/825/2/124
Erratum: The linear polarization of Southern bright stars measured at the parts-per-million level
Cotton, Daniel V., Bailey, Jeremy, Kedziora-Chudczer, Lucyna, Bott, Kimberly, Lucas, P. W., Hough, J. H. and Marshall, Jonathan P.. 2016. "Erratum: The linear polarization of Southern bright stars measured at the parts-per-million level." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 460 (1), p. 18. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stw978
A detailed analysis of the HD 73526 2:1 resonant planetary system
Wittenmyer, Robert A., Tan, Xianyu, Lee, Manhoi, Horner, Jonathan, Tinney, C. G., Butler, R. P., Salter, G. S., Carter, B. D., Jones, H. R. A., O'Toole, S. J., Bailey, J., Wright, D., Crane, J. D., Schectman, S. A., Arriagada, P., Thompson, I., Minniti, D. and Diaz, M.. 2014. "A detailed analysis of the HD 73526 2:1 resonant planetary system." The Astrophysical Journal: an international review of astronomy and astronomical physics. 780 (2), pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/780/2/140
GJ 832c: a super-earth in the habitable zone
Wittenmyer, Robert A., Tuomi, Mikko, Butler, R. P., Jones, H. R. A., Anglada-Escude, Guillem, Horner, Jonathan, Tinney, C. G., Marshall, J. P., Carter, B. D., Bailey, J., Salter, G. S., O'Toole, S. J., Wright, D., Crane, J. D., Schectman, S. A., Arriagada, P., Thompson, I., Minniti, D., Jenkins, J. S. and Diaz, M.. 2014. "GJ 832c: a super-earth in the habitable zone." The Astrophysical Journal: an international review of astronomy and astronomical physics. 791 (2). https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/791/2/114
The Anglo-Australian planet search. XXIII. Two new Jupiter analogs
Wittenmyer, Robert A., Horner, Jonathan, Tinney, C. G., Butler, R. P., Jones, H. R. A., Tuomi, Mikko, Salter, G. S., Carter, B. D., Koch, F. Elliott, O'Toole, S. J., Bailey, J. and Wright, D.. 2014. "The Anglo-Australian planet search. XXIII. Two new Jupiter analogs." The Astrophysical Journal: an international review of astronomy and astronomical physics. 783 (2), pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/783/2/103
A high-sensitivity polarimeter using a ferro-electric liquid crystal modulator
Bailey, Jeremy, Kedziora-Chudczer, Lucyna, Cotton, Daniel V., Bott, Kimberly, Hough, J. H. and Lucas, P. W.. 2015. "A high-sensitivity polarimeter using a ferro-electric liquid crystal modulator." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 449 (3), pp. 3064-3073. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv519
Real poly(p-phenylene vinylene) features from near-field scanning optical lithography and the implications for further modelling
Cotton, Daniel V., Fell, Christopher J., Belcher, Warwick J. and Dastoor, Paul C.. 2015. "Real poly(p-phenylene vinylene) features from near-field scanning optical lithography and the implications for further modelling." Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics. 48 (32), pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/48/32/325101
Secondary eclipse observations for seven hot-Jupiters from the Anglo-Australian Telescope
Zhou, G., Bayliss, D. D. R., Kedziora-Chudczer, L., Tinney, C. G., Bailey, J., Salter, G. and Rodriguez, J.. 2015. "Secondary eclipse observations for seven hot-Jupiters from the Anglo-Australian Telescope." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 454 (3), pp. 3002-3019. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv2138
Signals embedded in the radial velocity noise: periodic variations in the tau Ceti velocities
Tuomi, M., Jones, H. R. A., Jenkins, J. S., Tinney, C. G., Butler, R. P., Vogt, S. S, Barnes, J. R., Wittenmyer, R. A., O'Toole, S. J., Horner, J., Bailey, J., Carter, B. D., Wright, D. J., Salter, G. S. and Pinfield, D.. 2013. "Signals embedded in the radial velocity noise: periodic variations in the tau Ceti velocities." Astronomy and Astrophysics: a European journal. 551 (A79), pp. 1-21. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201220509
Forever alone? Testing single eccentric planetary systems for multiple companions
Wittenmyer, Robert A., Wang, Songhu, Horner, Jonathan, Tinney, C. G., Butler, R. P., Jones, H. R. A., O'Toole, S. J., Bailey, J., Carter, B. D., Salter, G. S., Wright, D. and Zhou, Ji-Lin. 2013. "Forever alone? Testing single eccentric planetary systems for multiple companions." Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. 208 (1), pp. 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1088/0067-0049/208/1/2
Atmospheric modelling for the removal of telluric features from infrared planetary spectra
Cotton, Daniel V., Bailey, Jeremy and Kedziora-Chudczer, Lucyna. 2014. "Atmospheric modelling for the removal of telluric features from infrared planetary spectra." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 439 (1), pp. 387-399. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stt2465
Observing strategies for the detection of Jupiter analogs
Wittenmyer, Robert A., Tinney, C. G., Horner, J., Butler, R. P., Jones, H. R. A., O'Toole, S. J., Bailey, J., Carter, B. D., Salter, G. S. and Wright, D.. 2013. "Observing strategies for the detection of Jupiter analogs." Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. 125 (926), pp. 351-356. https://doi.org/10.1086/670680
Examining the Broadband Emission Spectrum of WASP-19b: A New z-band Eclipse Detection
Zhou, George, Kedziora-Chudczer, Lucyna, Bayliss, Daniel D. R. and Bailey, Jeremy. 2013. "Examining the Broadband Emission Spectrum of WASP-19b: A New z-band Eclipse Detection." The Astrophysical Journal: an international review of astronomy and astronomical physics. 774 (2), pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637x/774/2/118
The Anglo-Australian planet search. XXII. Two new multi-planet systems
Wittenmyer, Robert A., Horner, J., Tuomi, Mikko, Salter, G. S., Tinney, C. G., Butler, R. P., Jones, H. R. A., O'Toole, S. J., Bailey, J., Carter, B. D., Jenkins, J. S., Zhang, Z., Vogt, S. S. and Rivera, Eugenio J.. 2012. "The Anglo-Australian planet search. XXII. Two new multi-planet systems." The Astrophysical Journal: an international review of astronomy and astronomical physics. 753 (2), pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/753/2/169
A planetary system around the nearby M dwarf GJ 667C with at least one super-earth in its habitable zone
Anglada-Escude, Guillem, Arriagada, Pamela, Vogt, Steven S., Rivera, Eugenio J., Butler, R. Paul, Crane, Jeffrey D., Shectman, Stephen A., Thompson, Ian B., Minniti, Dante, Haghighipour, Nader, Carter, Brad D., Tinney, C. G., Wittenmyer, Robert A., Bailey, Jeremy A., O'Toole, Simon J., Jones, Hugh R. A. and Jenkins, James S.. 2012. "A planetary system around the nearby M dwarf GJ 667C with at least one super-earth in its habitable zone." The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 751 (1). https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/751/1/L16
The Anglo-Australian planet search. XX. A solitary ice-giant planet orbiting HD 102365
Tinney, C. G., Butler, R. Paul, Jones, Hugh R. A., Wittenmyer, Robert A., O'Toole, Simon, Bailey, Jeremy and Carter, Brad D.. 2011. "The Anglo-Australian planet search. XX. A solitary ice-giant planet orbiting HD 102365." The Astrophysical Journal: an international review of astronomy and astronomical physics. 727 (2), p. 103. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/727/2/103
The Anglo-Australian planet search. XXI. A gas-giant planet in a one year orbit and the habitability of gas-giant satellites
Tinney, C. G., Wittenmyer, Robert A., Butler, R. Paul, Jones, Hugh R. A., O'Toole, Simon J., Bailey, Jeremy A., Carter, Brad D. and Horner, J.. 2011. "The Anglo-Australian planet search. XXI. A gas-giant planet in a one year orbit and the habitability of gas-giant satellites." The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 732 (1), pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/732/1/31
On the frequency of Jupiter analogs
Wittenmyer, Robert A., Tinney, C. G., O'Toole, Simon J., Jones, H. R. A., Butler, R. P., Carter, B. D. and Bailey, J.. 2011. "On the frequency of Jupiter analogs." The Astrophysical Journal: an international review of astronomy and astronomical physics. 727 (2), pp. 102:1-102:16. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/727/2/102
The frequency of low-mass exoplanets III: toward η⊕ at short periods
Wittenmyer, Robert A., Tinney, C. G., Butler, R. P., O'Toole, Simon J., Jones, H. R. A., Carter, B. D., Bailey, J. and Horner, J.. 2011. "The frequency of low-mass exoplanets III: toward η⊕ at short periods." The Astrophysical Journal: an international review of astronomy and astronomical physics. 738 (1), pp. 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/738/1/81
A Jupiter-like planet orbiting the nearby M dwarf GJ 832
Bailey, Jeremy, Butler, R. Paul, Tinney, C. G., Jones, Hugh R. A., O'Toole, Simon, Carter, Brad D. and Marcy, Geoffrey W.. 2009. "A Jupiter-like planet orbiting the nearby M dwarf GJ 832." The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 690 (1), pp. 743-747. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/690/1/743
Selection functions in doppler planet searches
O'Toole, S. J., Tinney, C. G., Jones, H. R. A., Butler, R. P., Marcy, G. W., Carter, B. D. and Bailey, J.. 2009. "Selection functions in doppler planet searches." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 392 (2), pp. 641-654. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.14051.x
A Neptune-mass planet orbiting the nearby G dwarf HD 16417
O'Toole, Simon, Tinney, C. G., Butler, R. Paul, Jones, Hugh R. A., Bailey, Jeremy, Carter, Brad D., Vogt, Steven S., Laughlin, Gregory and Rivera, Eugenio J.. 2009. "A Neptune-mass planet orbiting the nearby G dwarf HD 16417." The Astrophysical Journal: an international review of astronomy and astronomical physics. 697 (2), pp. 1263-1268. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/697/2/1263
The frequency of low-mass exoplanets
O'Toole, S. J., Jones, H. R. A., Tinney, C. G., Butler, R. P., Marcy, G. W., Carter, B. D., Bailey, J. and Wittenmyer, R. A.. 2009. "The frequency of low-mass exoplanets." The Astrophysical Journal: an international review of astronomy and astronomical physics. 701 (2), pp. 1732-1741. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/701/2/1732
Beyond the Iron Peak: r- and s-Process Elemental Abundances in Stars with Planets
Bond, J. C., Lauretta, D. S., Tinney, C. G., Butler, R. P., Marcy, G. W., Jones, H. R. A., Carter, B. D., O'Toole, S. J. and Bailey, J.. 2008. "Beyond the Iron Peak: r- and s-Process Elemental Abundances in Stars with Planets." The Astrophysical Journal: an international review of astronomy and astronomical physics. 682 (2), pp. 1234-1247. https://doi.org/10.1086/589236
High-eccentricity planets from the Anglo-Australian Planet Search
Jones, Hugh R. A., Butler, R. Paul, Tinney, Chris G., Marcy, Geoffrey W., Carter, Brad D., Penny, Alan J., McCarthy, Chris and Bailey, Jeremy. 2006. "High-eccentricity planets from the Anglo-Australian Planet Search." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 369 (1), pp. 249-256. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2006.10298.x
The 2:1 resonant exoplanetary system orbiting HD 73526
Tinney, Chris G., Butler, R. Paul, Marcy, Geoffrey W., Jones, Hugh R. A., Laughlin, Gregory, Carter, Brad D., Bailey, Jeremy and O'Toole, Simon J.. 2006. "The 2:1 resonant exoplanetary system orbiting HD 73526." The Astrophysical Journal: an international review of astronomy and astronomical physics. 647 (1), pp. 594-599. https://doi.org/10.1086/503706
New planets around three G Dwarfs
O'Toole, Simon J., Butler, R. Paul, Tinney, Chris G., Jones, Hugh R. A., Marcy, Geoffrey W., Carter, Brad, McCarthy, Chris, Bailey, Jeremy, Penny, Alan J., Apps, Kevin and Fischer, Debra A.. 2007. "New planets around three G Dwarfs." The Astrophysical Journal: an international review of astronomy and astronomical physics. 660 (2), pp. 1636-1641. https://doi.org/10.1086/513563
A super-Earth and two Neptunes orbiting the nearby Sun-like star 61 Virginis
Vogt, Steven S., Wittenmyer, Robert A., Butler, R. Paul, O'Toole, Simon, Henry, Gregory W., Rivera, Eugenio J., Meschiari, Stefano, Laughlin, Gregory, Tinney, C. G., Jones, Hugh R. A., Bailey, Jeremy, Carter, Brad D. and Batygin, Konstantin. 2010. "A super-Earth and two Neptunes orbiting the nearby Sun-like star 61 Virginis." The Astrophysical Journal: an international review of astronomy and astronomical physics. 708 (2), pp. 1366-1375. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/708/2/1366
The frequency of low-mass exoplanets. II. The 'period valley'
Wittenmyer, Robert A., O'Toole, Simon J., Jones, H. R. A., Tinney, C. G., Butler, R. P., Carter, B. D. and Bailey, J.. 2010. "The frequency of low-mass exoplanets. II. The 'period valley'." The Astrophysical Journal: an international review of astronomy and astronomical physics. 722 (2), pp. 1854-1863. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/722/2/1854
A long-period planet orbiting a nearby Sun-like star
Jones, Hugh R. A., Butler, R. Paul, Tinney, C. G., O'Toole, Simon, Wittenmyer, Rob, Henry, Gregory W., Meschiari, Stefano, Vogt, Steve, Rivera, Eugenio, Laughlin, Greg, Carter, Brad D., Bailey, Jeremy and Jenkins, James S.. 2010. "A long-period planet orbiting a nearby Sun-like star." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 403 (4), pp. 1703-1713. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.16232.x
Exoplanet properties from Lick, Keck and AAT
Marcy, G. W., Butler, R. P., Vogt, S. S., Fischer, D. A., Wright, J. T., Johnson, J. A., Tinney, C. G., Jones, H. R. A., Carter, B. D., Bailey, J., O'Toole, S. J. and Upadhyay, S.. 2008. "Exoplanet properties from Lick, Keck and AAT." Piskunov, Nikolai, Rickman, hans and Gustafsson, Bengt (ed.) Nobel Symposium 135: Physics of Planetary Systems. Stockholm, Sweden 18 - 22 Jun 2007 Bristol, United Kingdom. IOP Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1088/0031-8949/2008/T130/014001