Global genomic analyses of wheat powdery mildew reveal association of pathogen spread with historical human migration and trade

Article


Sotiropoulos, Alexandros G, Arango-Isaza, Epifanía, Ban, Tomohiro, Barbieri, Chiara, Bourras, Salim, Cowger, Christina, Czembor, Paweł C., Ben-David, Roi, Dinoor, Amos, Ellwood, Simon R., Graf, Johannes, Hatta, Koichi, Helguera, Marcelo, Sánchez-Martín, Javier, McDonald, Bruce A., Morgounov, Alexey I., Müller, Marion C., Shamanin, Vladimir, Shimizu, Kentaro K., ..., Wicker, Thomas. 2022. "Global genomic analyses of wheat powdery mildew reveal association of pathogen spread with historical human migration and trade." Nature Communications. 13 (1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-022-31975-0
Article Title

Global genomic analyses of wheat powdery mildew reveal association of pathogen spread with historical human migration and trade

ERA Journal ID122966
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsSotiropoulos, Alexandros G, Arango-Isaza, Epifanía, Ban, Tomohiro, Barbieri, Chiara, Bourras, Salim, Cowger, Christina, Czembor, Paweł C., Ben-David, Roi, Dinoor, Amos, Ellwood, Simon R., Graf, Johannes, Hatta, Koichi, Helguera, Marcelo, Sánchez-Martín, Javier, McDonald, Bruce A., Morgounov, Alexey I., Müller, Marion C., Shamanin, Vladimir, Shimizu, Kentaro K., Yoshihira, Taiki, Zbinden, Helen, Keller, Beat and Wicker, Thomas
Journal TitleNature Communications
Journal Citation13 (1)
Article Number4315
Number of Pages14
Year2022
PublisherNature Publishing Group
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN2041-1723
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-022-31975-0
Web Address (URL)https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-022-31975-0
Abstract

The fungus Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici causes wheat powdery mildew disease. Here, we study its spread and evolution by analyzing a global sample of 172 mildew genomes. Our analyses show that B.g. tritici emerged in the Fertile Crescent during wheat domestication. After it spread throughout Eurasia, colonization brought it to America, where it hybridized with unknown grass mildew species. Recent trade brought USA strains to Japan, and European strains to China. In both places, they hybridized with local ancestral strains. Thus, although mildew spreads by wind regionally, our results indicate that humans drove its global spread throughout history and that mildew rapidly evolved through hybridization.

Keywordsmildew genomes
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020310408. Life histories
310407. Host-parasite interactions
310410. Phylogeny and comparative analysis
Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Zurich, Switzerland
Yokohama City University, Japan
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Germany
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden
North Carolina State University, United States
National Research Institute, Poland
ARO-Volcani Centre, Israel
Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
Curtin University
National Agricultural and Food Research Organization, Japan
National Institute of Agricultural Technology, Argentina
ETH Zurich, Switzerland
Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, Saudi Arabia
Omsk State Agrarian University, Russia
Rakuno Gakuen University, Japan
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https://research.usq.edu.au/item/z33x9/global-genomic-analyses-of-wheat-powdery-mildew-reveal-association-of-pathogen-spread-with-historical-human-migration-and-trade

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