Evaluation of water shortage in wheat production in Iran

Article


Dehghanpir, Shahla, Bazrafshan, Ommolbanin, Ramezani-Etedali, Hadi, Holisaz, Arashk and Collins, Brian. 2023. "Evaluation of water shortage in wheat production in Iran." Iranian Journal of Ecohydrology. 9 (4), pp. 719-732.
Article Title

Evaluation of water shortage in wheat production in Iran

Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsDehghanpir, Shahla, Bazrafshan, Ommolbanin, Ramezani-Etedali, Hadi, Holisaz, Arashk and Collins, Brian
Journal TitleIranian Journal of Ecohydrology
Journal Citation9 (4), pp. 719-732
Number of Pages14
Year2023
PublisherUniversity of Tehran
Place of PublicationIran
ISSN2423-6098
2423-6101
Web Address (URL)https://ije.ut.ac.ir/article_90911.html?lang=en
Abstract

Agriculture has the largest share of total water consumption in the world. Among the cereals, the high consumption and demand of wheat has made it a strategic product. Due to the high level of wheat cultivation in the world, the amount of water used for its production can significantly affect the total water used in the agricultural sector and pose a serious threat to access to water resources. This study was conducted with the aim of evaluating the water shortage in wheat production in Iran, emphasizing the framework of the water footprint in the country during the statistical period of 2007-2018. The results of this study showed that the share of blue, green and gray water footprints is 71.76, 15.87 and 13.11% of the total water footprint in the production of Faryab wheat and 55 and 38.34% of the green water footprint respectively. And it forms gray in dry wheat in Iran. Also, the results showed that the average water stress index of wheat production in the country is 0.6, and the range of spatial changes of this index varies from 0.01 in Guilan to 3.01 in Ardebil at the North. The highest level of water self-sufficiency index (lowest dependency index) is related to North Khorasan, Khuzestan and Fars provinces with an average value of 70% and the lowest level of self-sufficiency index is related to Guilan province (2%), Mazandaran 9% and Tehran 16% (highest dependency index). The present study will be very helpful for making decisions about the sustainable management of water resources for wheat production in Iran.

KeywordsWater Stress Index; Wheat Production; Water footprint ; Water Shortage
Article Publishing Charge (APC) FundingOther
Contains Sensitive ContentDoes not contain sensitive content
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020400513. Water resources engineering
300499. Crop and pasture production not elsewhere classified
Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Hormozgan, Iran
Imam Khomeini International University, Iran
Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Iran
James Cook University
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