Superior leaf physiological performance contributes to sustaining the final yield of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) genotypes under terminal heat stress

Article


Sarwar, Muhammad, Saleem, Muhammad Farrukh, Ullah, Najeeb, Ali, Asjad, Collins, Brian, Shahid, Muhammad, Munir, Muhammad Kashif, Chung, Sang-Min and Kumar, Manu. 2023. "Superior leaf physiological performance contributes to sustaining the final yield of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) genotypes under terminal heat stress." Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants. 29 (5), pp. 739-753. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12298-023-01322-8
Article Title

Superior leaf physiological performance contributes to sustaining the final yield of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) genotypes under terminal heat stress

ERA Journal ID213953
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsSarwar, Muhammad, Saleem, Muhammad Farrukh, Ullah, Najeeb, Ali, Asjad, Collins, Brian, Shahid, Muhammad, Munir, Muhammad Kashif, Chung, Sang-Min and Kumar, Manu
Journal TitlePhysiology and Molecular Biology of Plants
Journal Citation29 (5), pp. 739-753
Number of Pages15
Year2023
PublisherSpringer
Place of PublicationIndia
ISSN0971-5894
0974-0430
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s12298-023-01322-8
Web Address (URL)https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12298-023-01322-8
Abstract

This study aimed to optimize methods for identifying heat-tolerant and heat-susceptible cotton plants by examining the relationship between leaf physiology and cotton yield. Cotton accessions were exposed to elevated temperatures through staggered sowing and controlled growth conditions in a glasshouse. Based on their yield performance, leaf physiology, cell biochemistry, and pollen germination, the accessions were categorized as heat-tolerant, moderately tolerant, or susceptible. High temperatures had a significant impact on various leaf physiological and biochemical factors, such as cell injury, photosynthetic rate, stomatal conductance, transpiration rate, leaf temperature, chlorophyll fluorescence, and enzyme activities. The germination of flower pollen and seed cotton yield was also affected. The study demonstrated that there was a genetic variability for heat tolerance among the tested cotton accessions, as indicated by the interaction between accession and environment. Leaf gas exchange, cell biochemistry, pollen germination, and cotton yield were strongly associated with heat-sensitive accessions, but this association was negligible in tolerant accessions. Principal component analysis was used to classify the accessions based on their performance under heat stress conditions. The findings suggest that leaf physiological traits, cell biochemistry, pollen germination, and cotton yield can be effective indicators for selecting heat-tolerant cotton lines. Future research could explore additional genetic traits for improved selection and development of heat-tolerant accessions.

KeywordsCotton; Temperature extreme; Cell injury; Genetic variability; PS-II ; Yield
Article Publishing Charge (APC) FundingOther
Contains Sensitive ContentDoes not contain sensitive content
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020310806. Plant physiology
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Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
Qatar University, Qatar
Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Queensland
James Cook University
Agronomic Research Station, Pakistan
Ayub Agricultural Research Institute (AARI), Pakistan
Dongguk University, Korea
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