Synthesis and characterization of modified phenolic resins for composites with enhanced mechanical properties

Paper


Cardona, F. and Moscou, C.. 2009. "Synthesis and characterization of modified phenolic resins for composites with enhanced mechanical properties." Aravinthan, Thiru, Karunasena, Warna (Karu) and Wang, Hao (ed.) 20th Australasian Conference on the Mechanics of Structures and Materials (ACMSM20). Toowoomba, Australia 02 - 05 Dec 2008 London, United Kingdom.
Paper/Presentation Title

Synthesis and characterization of modified phenolic resins for composites with enhanced mechanical properties

Presentation TypePaper
AuthorsCardona, F. (Author) and Moscou, C. (Author)
EditorsAravinthan, Thiru, Karunasena, Warna (Karu) and Wang, Hao
Journal or Proceedings TitleProceedings of the 20th Australasian Conference on the Mechanics of Structures and Materials (ACMSM 20)
Number of Pages6
Year2009
Place of PublicationLondon, United Kingdom
ISBN9780415491969
Conference/Event20th Australasian Conference on the Mechanics of Structures and Materials (ACMSM20)
Event Details
Rank
B
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Event Details
20th Australasian Conference on the Mechanics of Structures and Materials (ACMSM20)
Parent
Australasian Conference on the Mechanics of Structures and Materials
Event Date
02 to end of 05 Dec 2008
Event Location
Toowoomba, Australia
Abstract

Resole phenolic resins were modified by forming copolymers with Cardanol, which is the main component of Cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL). The modified phenolic resins were prepared at various mole ratios of phenol to cardanol and the polymerization was carried out under basic conditions. In the synthesis a maximum content of 40% of Cardanol in the resin was possible to obtain, as a higher Cardanol content resulted in the formation of a resin with an extremely high viscosity. The effect of replacement of phenol by Cardanol on the thermal and mechanical properties of resole resins was experimentally investigated. An increases in the content of Cardanol resulted in a proportional increases in flexibility and the fracture toughness together with a decreases in the flexural modulus of the cured resins. The higher toughening effect of replacing phenol with Cardanol was obtained with the total Phenol:Formaldehyde ratio of 1.0:1.25 in the synthesis of the resin. Also a direct proportionality between the amount of Cardanol incorporated in the resins and the decreases in the crosslink density was observed.

Keywordscomposite materials; Cardanol; phenolic resin; flexural tests; cashew nut shell liquid
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020401602. Composite and hybrid materials
401609. Polymers and plastics
401706. Numerical modelling and mechanical characterisation
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Byline AffiliationsCentre of Excellence in Engineered Fibre Composites
Polytech Montpellier University, France
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