Studies on polymers and composites from lignin and fiber derived from sugar cane

Article


Doherty, William, Halley, Peter J., Edye, Les, Rogers, David, Cardona, Francisco, Park, Yosup and Woo, Tim. 2007. "Studies on polymers and composites from lignin and fiber derived from sugar cane." Polymers for Advanced Technologies. 18 (8), pp. 673-678. https://doi.org/10.1002/pat.879
Article Title

Studies on polymers and composites from lignin and fiber derived from sugar cane

ERA Journal ID1700
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsDoherty, William (Author), Halley, Peter J. (Author), Edye, Les (Author), Rogers, David (Author), Cardona, Francisco (Author), Park, Yosup (Author) and Woo, Tim (Author)
Journal TitlePolymers for Advanced Technologies
Journal Citation18 (8), pp. 673-678
Number of Pages6
Year2007
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
Place of PublicationBognor Regis, West Sussex, United Kingdom
ISSN1042-7147
1099-1581
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1002/pat.879
Web Address (URL)http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/pat.879/pdf
Abstract

Sugarcane fiber (i.e. bagasse) lignin has a larger fraction of aromatics unsubstitution in the ortho position than hardwood or softwood lignin and hence has the greater ability to be derivatized. Furthermore, organosolv lignin has a higher purity than sulfonated and kraft lignins. This work examines the purification of organosolv lignin derived from bagasse and the physico-chemical properties of the lignin and lignin-phenol formaldehyde (PF) resin coatings, and composites. The wetability tests have shown that lignin and lignin-PF resin films are effective water barrier coatings, though the contact angles of lignin-PF resin films were considerably less than the wax films. The overall mechanical properties (i.e. peak stress, peak strain and modulus) of the bagasse fiber composites were lower than the values obtained with the composites without the inclusion of bagasse fiber.

Keywordsorganosolv lignin; coatings; composites; biopolymers; renewable resources
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020400505. Construction materials
401602. Composite and hybrid materials
401609. Polymers and plastics
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Byline AffiliationsQueensland University of Technology
University of Queensland
Fibre Composites Design and Development
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