Are country and cultural values interchangeable? a case example using occupational stress and coping

Article


Sawang, Sukanlaya, Oei, Tian and Goh, Yong Wah. 2006. "Are country and cultural values interchangeable? a case example using occupational stress and coping ." International Journal of Cross Cultural Management. 6 (2), pp. 205-219. https://doi.org/10.1177/1470595806066330
Article Title

Are country and cultural values interchangeable? a case example using occupational stress and coping

ERA Journal ID22200
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsSawang, Sukanlaya (Author), Oei, Tian (Author) and Goh, Yong Wah (Author)
Journal TitleInternational Journal of Cross Cultural Management
Journal Citation6 (2), pp. 205-219
Number of Pages14
Year2006
PublisherSAGE Publications Ltd
Place of PublicationLondon, United Kingdom
ISSN1470-5958
1741-2838
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1177/1470595806066330
Web Address (URL)http://ccm.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/6/2/205
Abstract

Cross-cultural research in occupational stress and coping has produced a wealth of knowledge. Although advancement has been made, there are still problems to be solved. One of these problems is the confusion generated in the literature by researchers claiming nation or country as representing cultural values, and the use of the two terms interchangeably. It remains unclear whether this practice is correct. The present paper reported on this by using 511 full time employees from Australia, Singapore and Sri Lanka to study occupational stress and coping. Results revealed that cultural value paradigm (i.e., Individualism-Collectivism) was distributed across the three nations, such that over 60% of participants across the three nations were either high or low in both I-C paradigms. The findings also indicated that the relationship between cultural value paradigm and country impacted on stress and coping differently. The study shows that significant differences exist within country, as well as between countries, such that any attempt to equate ‘culture’ with ‘country’ becomes problematic. Therefore, these findings establish that country or nation was not the same as culture values and could not be used interchangeably.

Keywordsindustrial and organisational psychology; occupational stress; transactional model of coping; individualism; collectivism; Asia
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020440107. Social and cultural anthropology
520104. Industrial and organisational psychology (incl. human factors)
470108. Organisational, interpersonal and intercultural communication
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Byline AffiliationsQueensland University of Technology
University of Queensland
Department of Psychology
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