Self-reported differences between crash-involved and non-crash-involved three-wheeler drivers in Sri Lanka

Article


Somasundaraswaran, A. K. and Tay, Richard. 2006. "Self-reported differences between crash-involved and non-crash-involved three-wheeler drivers in Sri Lanka." IATSS Research. 30 (1), pp. 68-72.
Article Title

Self-reported differences between crash-involved and non-crash-involved three-wheeler drivers in Sri Lanka

ERA Journal ID41864
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsSomasundaraswaran, A. K. (Author) and Tay, Richard (Author)
Journal TitleIATSS Research
Journal Citation30 (1), pp. 68-72
Number of Pages5
Year2006
Place of PublicationTokyo, Japan
ISSN0386-1112
Abstract

Despite being an important mode of transportation in the developing world, little research has been conducted to understand the factors contributing to crashes involving three wheel vehicles. This study surveyed a convenient sample of 505 professional threewheeler drivers in Sri Lanka to explore the similarities and differences in the demographic and work characteristics between threewheeler
drivers who reported experiencing at least one collision in the past twelve months and those who reported that they were not involved in any collisions. Our study revealed some interesting results that were quite different from those obtained in the studies on professional drivers in developed countries. In particular, both drivers with less than one year and more than five years of driving experience
in our study were found to be associated with higher probability of crash involvement. Also, the number of trips per day and the average travel distance per trip were found to be insignificant in delineating between crash-involved and non-crash-involved drivers.
Moreover, crash-involved drivers, on average, have significantly fewer working days per week and fewer hours per day, suggesting that the conventional approach used in most developed countries to tackle fatigue among professional drivers do not appear to be suitable for solving the road safety problem involving three-wheeler drivers in a developing country. Also, since the age of most drivers falls in a narrow range, this U-shaped relationship is not likely to be a result of youth and ageing but of inexperience in newer drivers and complacency in more experienced drivers. Lastly, since a relatively large proportion of the drivers had driven without a valid driving license, legislation and enforcement interventions are likely to be less effective than education and engineering countermeasures

Keywordsroad safety; three-wheelers; Sri Lanka; driver characteristics; work conditions
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020350908. Road transportation and freight services
520104. Industrial and organisational psychology (incl. human factors)
380117. Transport economics
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Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Ruhuna, Sri Lanka
University of Calgary, Canada
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