International aid and cyclone shelters in Bangladesh: adaptation or maladaptation?

Article


Dhakal, Subas P. and Mahmood, Muhammad N.. 2014. "International aid and cyclone shelters in Bangladesh: adaptation or maladaptation?" Contemporary South Asia. 22 (3), pp. 290-304. https://doi.org/10.1080/09584935.2014.931356
Article Title

International aid and cyclone shelters in Bangladesh: adaptation or maladaptation?

ERA Journal ID18783
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsDhakal, Subas P. (Author) and Mahmood, Muhammad N. (Author)
Journal TitleContemporary South Asia
Journal Citation22 (3), pp. 290-304
Number of Pages15
Year2014
Place of PublicationAbingdon, OX. United Kingdom
ISSN0958-4935
1469-364X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/09584935.2014.931356
Abstract

This paper examines the unintended prospect of international aid-driven maladaptation in Bangladesh. While attempts by aid agencies to channel scarce resources to finance structural adaptation measures are commendable, complementary non-structural measures remain under the radar. Using an exploratory research approach this paper investigates the state of cyclone shelters in two coastal districts: Chittagong and Cox's Bazar. The findings indicate that the lack of adequate shelter capacity, maintenance funding, and community participation has exacerbated the vulnerability of Chittagong's marginalised urban population. The paper contends that international aid can avoid being maladaptive by accentuating community-based governance and facilitating community capacity to fund the maintenance of cyclone shelters in new ways.

Keywordsinternational aid; natural disasters; resilience; social capital; urban vulnerability
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020440709. Public policy
400508. Infrastructure engineering and asset management
401001. Engineering design
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Byline AffiliationsCurtin University of Technology
School of Civil Engineering and Surveying
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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