The state of multi-purpose cyclone shelters in Bangladesh

Article


Mahmood, Muhammad Nateque, Dhakal, Subas Prasad and Keast, Robyn. 2014. "The state of multi-purpose cyclone shelters in Bangladesh." Facilities. 32 (9/10), pp. 522-532. https://doi.org/10.1108/F-10-2012-0082
Article Title

The state of multi-purpose cyclone shelters in Bangladesh

ERA Journal ID35980
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsMahmood, Muhammad Nateque (Author), Dhakal, Subas Prasad (Author) and Keast, Robyn (Author)
Journal TitleFacilities
Journal Citation32 (9/10), pp. 522-532
Number of Pages11
Year2014
PublisherEmerald
Place of PublicationBingley, WYorks. United Kingdom
ISSN0263-2772
1758-7131
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1108/F-10-2012-0082
Web Address (URL)http://www.emeraldinsight.com/0263-2772.htm
Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the state of management practices of existing multi-purpose cyclone shelters (MPCS) facilities across the 16 coastal districts in the country, in the context of an identified need for 5,500 new MPCS facilities in Bangladesh.

Design/methodology/approach – A 'multi-capitals' framework – a conceptual model for appraising the state of MPCS facilities based on seven forms of capital resources – is adopted.

Findings – MPCS facilities are not equitably distributed across the 16 coastal districts to cater to the
needs of the highly vulnerable population. Nearly 9 per cent of the existing shelters are unusable in the
event of cyclones. Once built, MPCS facilities have no maintenance funding and only around 19 per cent
of shelters have a governance mechanism that enables community participation. A strong correlation
(r = 0.65) was detected between the availability of maintenance funds and provision for community
participation.

Research limitations/implications – The potential of a multi-capitals framework to assess the management practices of existing MPCS facilities in a holistic way was limited by the secondary nature of data on the four forms of capital: built, cultural, financial and political. The significance of the other three forms of capital: human, natural and social and their implications in the context of MPCS facilities are discussed.

Practical implications – If the existing and new MPCS facilities are to become a vital component of disaster management strategies, MPCS governance mechanisms are likely to be enhanced by embracing the principles of community-based facilities management.

Originality/value – The paper introduces the utility of a multi-capitals framework to assess the existing management issues surrounding MPCS facilities and offers potential solutions in the context of developing countries. The value of the framework is in understanding the utility of an MPCS as more than just a facility.

Keywordsclimate change, natural disasters, community-based facilities management, multi-capitals framework
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020440709. Public policy
400508. Infrastructure engineering and asset management
400504. Construction engineering
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Byline AffiliationsSouthern Cross University
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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