Should disaster management strategies in Bangladesh be just about constructing new shelters?

Paper


Mahmood, Muhammad Nateque, Dhakal, Subas and Kamruzzaman, M. D.. 2013. "Should disaster management strategies in Bangladesh be just about constructing new shelters?" Kajewski, Stephen , Manley, Karen and Hampson, Keith (ed.) 19th International CIB World Building Congress. Brisbane, Australia 05 - 09 May 2013 Brisbane, Australia.
Paper/Presentation Title

Should disaster management strategies in Bangladesh be just about constructing new shelters?

Presentation TypePaper
AuthorsMahmood, Muhammad Nateque (Author), Dhakal, Subas (Author) and Kamruzzaman, M. D. (Author)
EditorsKajewski, Stephen , Manley, Karen and Hampson, Keith
Journal or Proceedings TitleProceedings of the 19th International CIB World Building Congress
ERA Conference ID60192
Number of Pages12
Year2013
Place of PublicationBrisbane, Australia
ISBN9780987554208
Conference/Event19th International CIB World Building Congress
CIB World Building Congress
Event Details
19th International CIB World Building Congress
Event Date
05 to end of 09 May 2013
Event Location
Brisbane, Australia
Event Details
CIB World Building Congress
Abstract

With a population of over 143 million people and a population density of more than 1,200 persons per km2 Bangladesh is a very densely populated country. The
country’s geographic location in the waters of Bay of Bengal, often the source of tropical cyclones and storm surges, makes Bangladesh one of the most natural
disasters prone nations in the world. A severe tropical cyclone hits the country, every 3 years on average. As 16 major cyclones have hit the country since 1960 with the
loss of nearly 500,000 lives, multi-purpose cyclone shelters – that can provide refuge to susceptible population in the events of natural hazards and to a certain extent with the utility of community functionalities during normal times – have become a vital component of disaster management strategies. Country has already constructed more than 2,500 such shelters across 16 of the most disaster prone coastal districts. This paper uses content analysis of disaster management policies, and programs in order to comprehend and assess the distributions of shelters with a lens of integrated strategic asset management framework. Analysis of secondary data indicates that existing cyclone shelters are not equitably distributed to cater the needs of the highly vulnerable population. In the backdrop of the recommendation of The World Bank [TWB] that the country needs 5,500 new shelters (TWB, 2010), this paper contends that future construction of cyclone shelters must be need as well as evidence-based in order to ensure that highly vulnerable population benefits from cyclone shelters the most.

Keywordscyclone shelters, disaster management, evidence-based strategy,Leximancer, integrated strategic asset management
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020400508. Infrastructure engineering and asset management
400504. Construction engineering
Public Notes

Copyright 2013 The authors and/or their employers. No indication of copyright restrictions.

Byline AffiliationsSouthern Cross University
Queensland University of Technology
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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