Structural competition in second language production: towards a constraint-satisfaction model

Article


Austin, Gavin, Pongpairoj, Nattama and Trenkic, Danijela. 2015. "Structural competition in second language production: towards a constraint-satisfaction model." Language Learning: a journal of research in language studies. 65 (3), pp. 689-722. https://doi.org/10.1111/lang.12108
Article Title

Structural competition in second language production: towards a constraint-satisfaction model

ERA Journal ID20437
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsAustin, Gavin (Author), Pongpairoj, Nattama (Author) and Trenkic, Danijela (Author)
Journal TitleLanguage Learning: a journal of research in language studies
Journal Citation65 (3), pp. 689-722
Number of Pages34
Year2015
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN0023-8333
1467-9922
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/lang.12108
Web Address (URL)http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/lang.12108/abstract
Abstract

Second language (L2) learners often show inconsistent production of some aspects of L2 grammar. One view, primarily based on data from L2 article production, suggests that grammatical patterns licensed by learners’ native language (L1) and those licensed by their L2 compete for selection, leading to variability in the production of L2 functional morphology. In this study, we show that the idea of structural competition has broader applicability, in correctly predicting certain asymmetries in the production of both the definite article the and plural marking –s by Thai learners of English. At the same time, we recognize that learners’ growing sensitivity to structural regularities in the L2 might be an additional contributing factor, and therefore make a novel proposal for how the L1–L2 structural competition model and the sensitivity-to-L2-structural regularities account could be integrated and their respective contributions studied under the constraint-satisfaction model of language processing. We argue that this approach is particularly suited to studying bilingual processing as it provides a natural framework for explaining how highly disparate factors, including partially activated options from both languages, interact during processing.

KeywordsL2 functional morphology; production; articles; plural; structural competition; cross-linguistic influences
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020399999. Other education not elsewhere classified
470499. Linguistics not elsewhere classified
Public Notes

File reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher/author.

Byline AffiliationsSchool of Linguistics, Adult and Specialist Education
Chulalongkorn University, Thailand
University of York, United Kingdom
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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