Do gamblers eat more salt? Testing a latent trait model of covariance in consumption

Article


Goodwin, Belinda C., Browne, Matthew, Rockloff, Matthew and Donaldson, Phillip. 2015. "Do gamblers eat more salt? Testing a latent trait model of covariance in consumption." Journal of Behavioural Addictions. 4 (3), pp. 170-180. https://doi.org/10.1556/2006.4.2015.022
Article Title

Do gamblers eat more salt? Testing a latent trait model of covariance in consumption

Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsGoodwin, Belinda C. (Author), Browne, Matthew (Author), Rockloff, Matthew (Author) and Donaldson, Phillip (Author)
Journal TitleJournal of Behavioural Addictions
Journal Citation4 (3), pp. 170-180
Number of Pages11
Year2015
Place of PublicationBudapest, Hungary
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1556/2006.4.2015.022
Web Address (URL)https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4627678/pdf/jba-04-170.pdf
Abstract

A diverse class of stimuli; including certain foods, substances, media, and economic behaviours; may be described as ‘reward-oriented’ in that they provide immediate reinforcement with little initial investment. Neurophysiological and personality concepts, including dopaminergic dysfunction, reward sensitivity and rash impulsivity, each predict the existence of a latent behavioural trait that leads to increased consumption of all stimuli in this class. Whilst bivariate relationships (co-morbidities) are often reported in the literature, to our knowledge, a multivariate investigation of this possible trait has not been done. We surveyed 1,194 participants (550 Male) on their typical weekly consumption of 11 types of reward-oriented stimuli; including fast food, salt, caffeine, television, gambling products, and illicit drugs. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to compare models in a 3x3 structure; based on the definition of a single latent factor (none, fixed loadings, or estimated loadings), and assumed residual covariance structure (none, a-priori / literature based, or post-hoc / data-driven). The inclusion of a single latent behavioural ‘consumption’ factor significantly improved model fit in all cases. Also confirming theoretical predictions, estimated factor loadings on reward-oriented indicators were uniformly positive, regardless of assumptions regarding residual covariances. Additionally, the latent trait was found to be negatively correlated with the non-reward-oriented indicators of fruit and vegetable consumption. The findings support the notion of a single behavioural trait leading to increased consumption of reward-oriented stimuli across multiple modalities. We discuss implications regarding the concentration of negative lifestyle-related health behaviours.

Keywordsconsumption, latent trait, health behaviour, substance and behavioural addictions, confirmatory factor analysis
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020520399. Clinical and health psychology not elsewhere classified
Public Notes

© 2015 Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.

Byline AffiliationsCentral Queensland University
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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