Reflective minds and open hearts: cognitive style and personality predict religiosity and spiritual thinking in a community sample

Article


Browne, Matthew, Pennycook, Gordan, Goodwin, Belinda and McHenry, Melinda. 2014. "Reflective minds and open hearts: cognitive style and personality predict religiosity and spiritual thinking in a community sample." European Journal of Social Psychology. 44 (7), pp. 736-742. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2059
Article Title

Reflective minds and open hearts: cognitive style and personality predict religiosity and spiritual thinking in a community sample

ERA Journal ID6258
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsBrowne, Matthew (Author), Pennycook, Gordan (Author), Goodwin, Belinda (Author) and McHenry, Melinda (Author)
Journal TitleEuropean Journal of Social Psychology
Journal Citation44 (7), pp. 736-742
Number of Pages7
Year2014
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN0046-2772
1099-0992
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2059
Web Address (URL)http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ejsp.2059/abstract;jsessionid=D01EBECD6FE17304C62B9833554FD453.f02t01?systemMessage=Due+to+essential+maintenance+the+subscribe%2Frenew+pages+will+be+unavailable+on+Wednesday+26+October+between+02%3A00+-+08%3A00+B
Abstract

We examined associations between two psychological constructs, analytic cognitive style and the personality facet ‘Openness to Experience’, and several dimensions of religiosity: religious affiliation, strength of faith and spiritual epistemology. In a relatively large (N = 1093), older community sample (M = 55.4 years), analytic cognitive style was associated with a lower probability of affiliating with a religious denomination and a higher probability of possessing strong religious faith. Overall, openness was also associated with a lack of religious affiliation but was positively related to possessing a spiritual epistemology. A path-analytic model revealed that openness had a positive relationship to both faith and religious denomination that was mediated by spiritual epistemology, but negative direct relationships with religiosity after the meditational effects were taken into account. Taken together, these results extend previous findings on the effect of cognitive style on religiosity and provide a new perspective on the complex relationship between cognitive and personality factors and different dimensions of religiosity.

Keywordsreligiosity; spirituality; cognitive style; personality
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020520504. Psychology of religion
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Byline AffiliationsCentral Queensland University
University of Waterloo, Canada
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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