Southern Ocean albedo, inter-hemispheric energy transports and the double ITCZ: global impacts of biases in a coupled model

Article


Hawcroft, M., Haywood, J. M., Collins, M., Jones, A., Jones, A. C. and Stephens, G.. 2017. "Southern Ocean albedo, inter-hemispheric energy transports and the double ITCZ: global impacts of biases in a coupled model." Climate Dynamics. 48 (7-8), pp. 2279-2295. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-016-3205-5
Article Title

Southern Ocean albedo, inter-hemispheric energy transports and the double ITCZ: global impacts of biases in a coupled model

ERA Journal ID1962
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsHawcroft, M. (Author), Haywood, J. M. (Author), Collins, M. (Author), Jones, A. (Author), Jones, A. C. (Author) and Stephens, G. (Author)
Journal TitleClimate Dynamics
Journal Citation48 (7-8), pp. 2279-2295
Number of Pages17
Year2017
PublisherSpringer
Place of PublicationNew York, United States
ISSN0930-7575
1432-0894
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-016-3205-5
Web Address (URL)https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85016239065&doi=10.1007%2fs00382-016-3205-5&partnerID=40&md5=bf1099a79a1ead75be8661aacd6cfe03 https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs00382-016-3205-5.pdf
Abstract

A causal link has been invoked between inter-hemispheric albedo, cross-equatorial energy transport and the double-Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) bias in climate models. Southern Ocean cloud biases are a major determinant of inter-hemispheric albedo biases in many models, including HadGEM2-ES, a fully coupled model with a dynamical ocean. In this study, targeted albedo corrections are applied in the Southern Ocean to explore the dynamical response to artificially reducing these biases. The Southern Hemisphere jet increases in strength in response to the increased tropical-extratropical temperature gradient, with increased energy transport into the mid-latitudes in the atmosphere, but no improvement is observed in the double-ITCZ bias or atmospheric cross-equatorial energy transport, a finding which supports other recent work. The majority of the adjustment in energy transport in the tropics is achieved in the ocean, with the response further limited to the Pacific Ocean. As a result, the frequently argued teleconnection between the Southern Ocean and tropical precipitation biases is muted. Further experiments in which tropical longwave biases are also reduced do not yield improvement in the representation of the tropical atmosphere. These results suggest that the dramatic improvements in tropical precipitation that have been shown in previous studies may be a function of the lack of dynamical ocean and/or the simplified hemispheric albedo bias corrections applied in that work. It further suggests that efforts to correct the double ITCZ problem in coupled models that focus on large-scale energetic controls will prove fruitless without improvements in the representation of atmospheric processes. © 2016, The Author(s).

Keywordsalbedo; climate models; energy transport; ITCZ; Southern Ocean; climate modeling; intertropical convergence zone; precipitation (climatology); Southern Hemisphere; teleconnection; transport process
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020370108. Meteorology
370202. Climatology
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Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Exeter, United Kingdom
Met Office, United Kingdom
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, United States
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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