Specialist Versus Generic Models of Psychiatry Training and Service Provision for People with Intellectual Disabilities

Article


Jess, Gillian, Torr, Jennifer, Cooper, Sally-Ann, Lennox, Nicholas, Edwards, Nicole, Galea, Jennifer and O'Brien, Gregory. 2008. "Specialist Versus Generic Models of Psychiatry Training and Service Provision for People with Intellectual Disabilities." Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 21 (2), pp. 183-193. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-3148.2007.00394.x
Article Title

Specialist Versus Generic Models of Psychiatry Training and Service Provision for People with Intellectual Disabilities

ERA Journal ID6350
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsJess, Gillian (Author), Torr, Jennifer (Author), Cooper, Sally-Ann (Author), Lennox, Nicholas (Author), Edwards, Nicole (Author), Galea, Jennifer (Author) and O'Brien, Gregory (Author)
Journal TitleJournal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Journal Citation21 (2), pp. 183-193
Number of Pages11
Year2008
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN1360-2322
1468-3148
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-3148.2007.00394.x
Web Address (URL)https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1468-3148.2007.00394.x
Abstract

Background: Models of service provision and professional training differ between countries. This study aims to investigate a specialist intellectual disabilities model and a generic mental health model, specifically comparing psychiatrists’ knowledge and competencies, and service quality and accessibility in meeting the mental health needs of people with intellectual disabilities.

Method: Data were collected from consultant and trainee psychiatrists within a specialist intellectual disabilities model (UK) and a generic mental health model (Australia).

Results: The sample sizes were 294 (UK) and 205 (Australia). Statistically significant differences were found, with UK participants having positive views about the specialist intellectual disabilities service model they worked within, demonstrating flexible and accessible working practices and service provision, responsive to the range of mental health needs of the population with intellectual disabilities, and providing a wide range of treatments and supports. The UK participants were knowledgeable, well trained and confident in their work. They wanted to work with people with intellectual disabilities. In all of these areas, the converse was found from the Australian generic mental health service model.

Conclusions: The specialist intellectual disabilities model of service provision and training has advantages over the generic mental health model.

Keywordsintellectual disability; mental health; psychiatry training; service models
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020420313. Mental health services
420318. People with disability
320221. Psychiatry (incl. psychotherapy)
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Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Byline AffiliationsWest of Scotland Deanery, United Kingdom
Monash University
University of Glasgow, United Kingdom
University of Queensland
Royal College of Psychiatrists, United Kingdom
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