Model forensic science

Article


Edmond, Gary, Found, Bryan, Martire, Kristy, Ballantyne, Kaye, Hamer, David, Searston, Rachel, Thompson, Matthew, Cunliffe, Emma, Kemp, Richard, San Roque, Mehera, Tangen, Jason, Dioso-Villa, Rachel, Ligertwood, Andrew, Hibbert, David, White, David, Ribeiro, Gianni, Porter, Glenn, Towler, Alice and Roberts, Andrew. 2016. "Model forensic science." Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences. 48 (5), pp. 496-537. https://doi.org/10.1080/00450618.2015.1128969
Article Title

Model forensic science

ERA Journal ID35095
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsEdmond, Gary, Found, Bryan, Martire, Kristy, Ballantyne, Kaye, Hamer, David, Searston, Rachel, Thompson, Matthew, Cunliffe, Emma, Kemp, Richard, San Roque, Mehera, Tangen, Jason, Dioso-Villa, Rachel, Ligertwood, Andrew, Hibbert, David, White, David, Ribeiro, Gianni, Porter, Glenn, Towler, Alice and Roberts, Andrew
Journal TitleAustralian Journal of Forensic Sciences
Journal Citation48 (5), pp. 496-537
Number of Pages42
Year2016
PublisherTaylor & Francis
ISSN0045-0618
1834-562X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/00450618.2015.1128969
Web Address (URL)https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00450618.2015.1128969
Abstract

This article provides an explanation of the duties and responsibilities owed by forensic practitioners (and other expert witnesses) when preparing for and presenting evidence in criminal proceedings. It is written in the shadow of reports by the National Academy of Sciences (US), the National Institute of Standards and Technology (US), the Scottish Fingerprint Inquiry and a recent publication entitled ‘How to cross-examine forensic scientists: A guide for Lawyers’. The article examines potential responses to questions focused on the need for scientific research, validation, uncertainties, limitations and error, contextual bias and the way expert opinions are expressed in reports and oral testimony. Responses and the discussion is developed around thematics such as disclosure, transparency, epistemic modesty and impartiality derived from modern admissibility and procedure rules, codes of conduct, ethical and professional responsibilities and employment contracts. The article explains why forensic practitioners must respond to the rules and expectations of adversarial legal institutions. Simultaneously, in line with accusatorial principles, it suggests that forensic practitioners employed by the state ought to conduct themselves as model forensic scientists.

Keywordsexpert ; evidence; report; validation; disclosure; impartial; ethics; duties; professionalism
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020480503. Criminal procedure
520402. Decision making
Public Notes

File reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher/author.

Byline AffiliationsUniversity of New South Wales
Northumbria University, United Kingdom
University of Wollongong
Victoria Police, Australia
University of Sydney
University of Queensland
University of British Columbia, Canada
Griffith University
University of Adelaide
James Cook University
University of Melbourne
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