Investigating the impact of jury sentencing recommendations using procedural justice theory

Article


Ribeiro, Gianni and Antrobus, Emma. 2017. "Investigating the impact of jury sentencing recommendations using procedural justice theory." New Criminal Law Review: an international and interdisciplinary journal. 20 (4), pp. 535-568. https://doi.org/10.1525/nclr.2017.20.4.535
Article Title

Investigating the impact of jury sentencing recommendations using procedural justice theory

ERA Journal ID33647
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsRibeiro, Gianni and Antrobus, Emma
Journal TitleNew Criminal Law Review: an international and interdisciplinary journal
Journal Citation20 (4), pp. 535-568
Number of Pages34
Year2017
PublisherUniversity of California Press
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN1093-3514
1933-4192
1933-4206
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1525/nclr.2017.20.4.535
Web Address (URL)https://online.ucpress.edu/nclr/article/20/4/535/93912/Investigating-the-Impact-of-Jury-Sentencing
Abstract

Public confidence in the criminal justice system is critical for the system to function effectively. Two studies investigated the impact of jury sentencing recommendations on public confidence using procedural justice theory. The first study (N = 80) manipulated the presence of jury involvement in sentencing (voice present versus voice absent) and the punitiveness of the minimum non-parole period (more punitive versus less punitive) to examine whether giving juries a “voice”—a key element of procedural justice—would increase public confidence in the courts, as well as perceptions of fairness and legitimacy. Contrary to predictions, results revealed that a more punitive sentence led to increased perceptions of legitimacy, which was associated with higher confidence. The second study (N = 60) examined whether manipulating the Judge’s agreement with the jury’s recommendation—as well as the Judge’s reason for disagreement—would elicit the “frustration effect,” leading to a decrease in confidence and perceptions of fairness and legitimacy. There was no evidence to suggest that the frustration effect was present. Results of both studies could suggest that jury sentencing recommendations may not effectively increase public confidence and perceptions of fairness and legitimacy in the courts, however alternate explanations are discussed.

Keywordsprocedural justice; voice; legitimacy; jury sentencing
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020520402. Decision making
480503. Criminal procedure
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Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Queensland
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