A Multi-Site Collaborative Study of the Hostile Priming Effect

Article


McCarthy, Randy, Gervais, Will, Aczel, Balazs, Al-Kire, Rosemary L., Aveyard, Mark, Marcella Baraldo, Silvia, Baruh, Lemi, Basch, Charlotte, Baumert, Anna, Behler, Anna, Bettencourt, Ann, Bitar, Adam, Bouxom, Hugo, Buck, Ashley, Cemalcilar, Zeynep, Chekroun, Peggy, Chen, Jacqueline M., del Fresno-Díaz, Ángel, Ducham, Alec, ..., Zogmaister, C.. 2021. "A Multi-Site Collaborative Study of the Hostile Priming Effect." Collabra: Psychology. 7 (1). https://doi.org/10.1525/collabra.18738
Article Title

A Multi-Site Collaborative Study of the Hostile Priming Effect

ERA Journal ID212116
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsMcCarthy, Randy, Gervais, Will, Aczel, Balazs, Al-Kire, Rosemary L., Aveyard, Mark, Marcella Baraldo, Silvia, Baruh, Lemi, Basch, Charlotte, Baumert, Anna, Behler, Anna, Bettencourt, Ann, Bitar, Adam, Bouxom, Hugo, Buck, Ashley, Cemalcilar, Zeynep, Chekroun, Peggy, Chen, Jacqueline M., del Fresno-Díaz, Ángel, Ducham, Alec, Edlund, John E., ElBassiouny, Amanda, Evans, Thomas Rhys, Ewell, Patrick J., Forscher, Patrick S., Fuglestad, Paul T., Hauck, Lauren, Hawk, Christopher E., Hermann, Anthony D., Hines, Bryon, Mukunzi, Irumva, Jordan, Lauren N., Joy-Gaba, Jennifer A., Haley, Catherine, Kačmár, Pavol, Murat, Murat, Körner, Robert, Kosaka, Muriel, Kovacs, Marton, Lair, Elicia C., Jean-Baptiste, Légal, Leighton, Dana C., Magee, Michael W., Markman, Keith, Martončik, Marcel, Müller, Martin, Norman, Jasmine B., Olsen, Jerome, Oyler, Danielle, Phills, Curtis E., Ribeiro, Gianni, Rohain, Alia, Sakaluk, John, Schütz, Astrid, Toribio-Flórez, Daniel, Tsang, Jo-Ann, Vezzoli, Michela, Williams, Caitlin, Willis, Guillermo B., Young, Jason and Zogmaister, C.
Journal TitleCollabra: Psychology
Journal Citation7 (1)
Number of Pages16
Year2021
PublisherUniversity of California Press
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN2474-7394
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1525/collabra.18738
Web Address (URL)https://online.ucpress.edu/collabra/article/7/1/18738/116070/A-Multi-Site-Collaborative-Study-of-the-Hostile
AbstractIn a now-classic study by Srull and Wyer (1979), people who were exposed to phrases with hostile content subsequently judged a man as being more hostile. And this “hostile priming effect” has had a significant influence on the field of social cognition over the subsequent decades. However, a recent multi-lab collaborative study (McCarthy et al., 2018) that closely followed the methods described by Srull and Wyer (1979) found a hostile priming effect that was nearly zero, which casts doubt on whether these methods reliably produce an effect. To address some limitations with McCarthy et al. (2018), the current multi-site collaborative study included data collected from 29 labs. Each lab conducted a close replication (total N = 2,123) and a conceptual replication (total N = 2,579) of Srull and Wyer’s methods. The hostile priming effect for both the close replication (d = 0.09, 95% CI [-0.04, 0.22], z = 1.34, p = .16) and the conceptual replication (d = 0.05, 95% CI [-0.04, 0.15], z = 1.15, p = .58) were not significantly different from zero and, if the true effects are non-zero, were smaller than what most labs could feasibly and routinely detect. Despite our best efforts to produce favorable conditions for the effect to emerge, we did not detect a hostile priming effect. We suggest that researchers should not invest more resources into trying to detect a hostile priming effect using methods like those described in Srull and Wyer (1979).
KeywordsCollaboration
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020520505. Social psychology
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Byline AffiliationsNorthern Illinois University, United States
Brunel University, United Kingdom
Eotvos Lorand University, Hungary
Baylor University, United States
American University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy
Koc University, Turkey
City University of New York, United States
Technical University of Munich, Germany
Virginia Commonwealth University, United States
University of Missouri, United States
Bradley University, United States
University Paris Nanterre, France
Rochester Institute of Technology, United States
University of Utah, United States
California Lutheran University, United States
Coventry University, United Kingdom
Kenyon College, United States
Grenoble Alpes University, France
University of North Florida, United States
DigiPen Institute of Technology, United States
Ohio University, United States
Texas A&M University, United States
University of Mississippi, United States
Pavol Jozef Safarik University of Medicine in Kosice, Slovakia
University of Bamberg, Germany
Saint Joseph’s College-New York, United States
University in Presov, Slovakia
University of Vienna, Austria
University of Queensland
Western University, Canada
University of Granada, Spain
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