A spatial analytic approach for classifying greenspace and comparing greenspace social equity

Article


Kimpton, Anthony. 2017. "A spatial analytic approach for classifying greenspace and comparing greenspace social equity." Applied Geography. 82, pp. 129-142. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2017.03.016
Article Title

A spatial analytic approach for classifying greenspace and comparing greenspace social equity

ERA Journal ID1998
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsKimpton, Anthony
Journal TitleApplied Geography
Journal Citation82, pp. 129-142
Number of Pages14
Year2017
PublisherElsevier
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN0143-6228
1873-7730
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2017.03.016
Web Address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0143622816304878
AbstractUrban planners frequently adhere to ‘park minimum standards’ to ensure that public health and environmental benefits associated with greenspace are socially equitable. These standards denote the extent and placement of greenspaces, but rarely consider their form and function. Arguably, an inclusive evaluation of greenspace social equity requires the comparison of greenspace types. To address if greenspace types are socially equitable, I develop a novel spatial analytic approach that classifies 4265 greenspaces according to twelve functional, physical characteristics. I then compare the social equity of these greenspace types using multiple operationalizations of social equity (provision, accessibility, and population pressure) throughout 4524 neighborhoods in a capital city in Australia. I find that greenspace social equity varies for each of these types. For example, results reveal that affluent households have an abundance of amenity rich greenspaces and few amenity poor ones. Further, by comparing across multiple social equity operationalizations, I find that affluent households may have a deficit of the amenity poor greenspace type, but live closer to this type. These findings confirm that employing a greenspace typology and multiple social equity operationalizations can deepen our understanding of the association between social equity and greenspace provision. This spatial analytic approach is both adaptable for examining other urban land use types, and portable to other urban contexts, and can aid urban planners, researchers, and policy makers to understand how to improve the social equity of publicly beneficial greenspace types.
KeywordsAmenities; Greenspace; Parks; Classification; Typology; Social equity
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020330404. Land use and environmental planning
Public NotesFiles associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Queensland
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