Psychometric properties of the parenting belief scale in a multi-country sample of parents from high-income countries

Article


Gonzalez, Carolina, Morawska, Alina, Higgins, Daryl J. and Haslam, Divna M.. 2024. "Psychometric properties of the parenting belief scale in a multi-country sample of parents from high-income countries." Child Abuse and Neglect. 147. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2023.106565
Article Title

Psychometric properties of the parenting belief scale in a multi-country sample of parents from high-income countries

ERA Journal ID6170
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsGonzalez, Carolina, Morawska, Alina, Higgins, Daryl J. and Haslam, Divna M.
Journal TitleChild Abuse and Neglect
Journal Citation147
Article Number106565
Number of Pages12
Year2024
PublisherElsevier
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN0145-2134
1873-7757
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2023.106565
Web Address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0145213423005537
Abstract

Background
Parents' beliefs about how private/public their parenting role is and their acceptability of the use of corporal punishment as a disciplinary measure have been associated with how parents raise their children and their willingness to seek support. However, there are no reliable and valid instruments measuring these beliefs.

Objective
This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Parenting Belief Scale, a self-reported brief measure targeting parents' perception of parenting as a private concern and their attitudes towards the use of corporal punishment.

Participants and setting
Participants were 6949 parents from several high-income countries (i.e., Australia, Belgium, Canada, Germany, Hong Kong, Australia, and the UK) who completed the International Parenting Survey, an online cross-sectional survey focused on parents' self-report of their parenting, children, and family.

Methods
This study evaluated the internal consistency, factor structure (i.e., exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses), and convergent and discriminant validity of the Parenting Belief Scale.

Results
Findings indicated that this scale was a relatively reliable measure to evaluate parents' perceived privacy in their role and acceptability of corporal punishment. A two-factor structure was confirmed by both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. Correlations with scales of parenting practices supported the convergent and discriminant validity of the Parenting Belief Scale.

Conclusions
This study supported the use of the Parenting Belief Scale across high-income countries to evaluate parenting beliefs in influencing parenting practices and parents' help-seeking behaviours.

KeywordsParent beliefs; privacy; corporal punishment; International parenting survey; reliability; validity
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020520108. Testing, assessment and psychometrics
520101. Child and adolescent development
Byline AffiliationsSchool of Psychology and Wellbeing
University of Queensland
Australian Catholic University
Queensland University of Technology
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