A quest for the origin of mammal uncoupling proteins

Paper


Jastroch, Martin, Stoehr, Sigrid, Withers, Kerry and Klingenspor, Martin. 2004. "A quest for the origin of mammal uncoupling proteins." Barnes, Brian M. and Carey, Hannah V. (ed.) 12th International Hibernation Symposium. Alaska, USA 25 - 31 Jul 2004 Fairbanks, Alaska, USA.
Paper/Presentation Title

A quest for the origin of mammal uncoupling proteins

Presentation TypePaper
AuthorsJastroch, Martin (Author), Stoehr, Sigrid (Author), Withers, Kerry (Author) and Klingenspor, Martin (Author)
EditorsBarnes, Brian M. and Carey, Hannah V.
Journal or Proceedings TitleBiological Papers of the University of Alaska, v. 27
Journal Citation27, pp. 315-324
Number of Pages10
Year2004
Place of PublicationFairbanks, Alaska, USA
Conference/Event12th International Hibernation Symposium
Event Details
12th International Hibernation Symposium
Event Date
25 to end of 31 Jul 2004
Event Location
Alaska, USA
Abstract

Nonshivering thermogenesis is dependent on the presence of UCP1 in brown adipose tissue. The function of UCP2 and UCP3 is most likely related to mitochondrial superoxide metabolism and/or fatty acid oxidation. These
three members of the core UCP family are known in eutherians but had not been found in marsupials and monotremes so far. The objective of our search
is to determine the origin of UCP1 and classical nonshivering thermogenesis.
Furthermore, our approach to characterize UCP2/UCP3 in distantly related animal species will assist in the functional annotation of these proteins.
We recently reported on the molecular identifi cation, tissue-distribution, and physiological regulation of UCP2 and UCP3 mRNA in the marsupial Antechinus fl avipes (yellow-footed Antechinus). Despite separate evolution of the
marsupial lineage since 130 million years, our data suggest a conserved physiological role of these UCPs. Here, we present the immunological detection of marsupial UCP3 in skeletal muscle using antibodies raised against mouse/rat
UCP3. A comprehensive phylogenetic analysis led us to hypothesize that all uncoupling proteins were already present at the evolutionary stage of modern teleost fi shes and questions the unique presence of UCP1 in placental mammals.
However, the search for UCP1 in nonplacental mammals has been unsuccessful so far and is most likely hampered by the more rapid evolution of UCP1 as compared to other UCPs.

Keywordsnonshivering thermogenesis, yellow-footed Antechinus
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020310910. Animal physiology - systems
Public Notes

File reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher/author.

Byline AffiliationsPhilipps-University Marburg, Germany
Department of Biological and Physical Sciences
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