An investigation on the antimicrobial activity of Andrographis paniculata extracts and Andrographolide in vitro

Article


Xu, Youhong, Marshall, Raymond L. and Mukkur, T. K. S.. 2006. "An investigation on the antimicrobial activity of Andrographis paniculata extracts and Andrographolide in vitro." Asian Journal of Plant Sciences. 5 (3), pp. 527-530.
Article Title

An investigation on the antimicrobial activity of Andrographis paniculata extracts and Andrographolide in vitro

ERA Journal ID2694
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsXu, Youhong (Author), Marshall, Raymond L. (Author) and Mukkur, T. K. S. (Author)
Journal TitleAsian Journal of Plant Sciences
Journal Citation5 (3), pp. 527-530
Number of Pages4
Year2006
Place of PublicationPakistan
ISSN1682-3974
1812-5697
Abstract

An aqueous and two ethanolic extracts of Andrographis paniculata, used in traditional Chinese, Thai and Indian medicine and andrographolide, an active principle of Andrographis paniculata, were investigated for their antimicrobial activity against nine bacterial species including Salmonella Typhumurium, Escherichia coli, Shigella sonnei, Staphylocuccus aureus, Pseudomonas Aeruginosa, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes, Legionella pneumophila and Bordetella pertussis, using the disc diffusion method. Of all tested concentrations, direct antimicrobial activity of the two ethanolic Andrographis paniculata extracts was observed for only two human pathogens, Legionella pneumophila and Bordetella pertussis. However, no antibacterial activity of andrographolide against any of the pathogens tested in this investigation was observed. Given that the TLC of Andrographis paniculata extracts showed that andrographolide was present in all the three Andrographis paniculata extracts, it was concluded that the observed antimicrobial activity was due to other active principle(s) present in the extracts used in this investigation.

KeywordsAndrographis paniculata; andrographolide; antimicrobial; disc diffusion, medicinal plant extracts
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020310701. Bacteriology
420803. Traditional Chinese medicine and treatments
310702. Infectious agents
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Byline AffiliationsFaculty of Sciences
Department of Biological and Physical Sciences
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