Cation ratio of soil structural stability (CROSS)

Poster


Marchuk, Alla G. and Rengasamy, Pichu. 2010. "Cation ratio of soil structural stability (CROSS)." Gilkes, Robert and Prakongkep, Nattaporn (ed.) 19th World Congress of Soil Science (WCSS 2010): Soil Solutions for a Changing World. Brisbane, Australia 01 - 06 Aug 2010 Melbourne, Australia.
Paper/Presentation Title

Cation ratio of soil structural stability (CROSS)

Presentation TypePoster
AuthorsMarchuk, Alla G. (Author) and Rengasamy, Pichu (Author)
EditorsGilkes, Robert and Prakongkep, Nattaporn
Journal or Proceedings TitleProceedings 19th World Congress of Soil Science 2010
Journal Citation1, pp. 5981-5983
Number of Pages3
Year2010
Place of PublicationMelbourne, Australia
ISBN9781618391025
Web Address (URL) of Paperhttp://www.iuss.org/19th%20WCSS/Symposium/pdf/1194.pdf
Conference/Event19th World Congress of Soil Science (WCSS 2010): Soil Solutions for a Changing World
World Congress of Soil Science
Event Details
19th World Congress of Soil Science (WCSS 2010): Soil Solutions for a Changing World
Event Date
01 to end of 06 Aug 2010
Event Location
Brisbane, Australia
Event Details
World Congress of Soil Science
WCSS
Abstract

Sodium salts tend to dominate salt-affected soils and groundwater in Australia and therefore, sodium adsorption ratio (SAR) is being used to parameterize soil sodicity and the effects of sodium on soil structure. Recent reports, however, now draw attention to elevated concentrations of potassium and/or magnesium in some soils naturally and also as a result of increasing irrigation with recycled water in Australia. Therefore, there is a need to derive and define a new ratio of these cations in place of SAR, which will indicate the effects of Na and K on clay dispersion and Ca and Mg on flocculation. Rengasamy and Sumner (1998) derived the flocculation power of these cations and on this basis Rengasamy (unpublished) defined the cation ratio of soil structural stability (CROSS). This paper gives the results of an experiment conducted on ten soil samples on hydraulic conductivity using a number of artificially prepared irrigation waters, containing different proportions of the cations Ca, Mg, K and Na. The relative changes in hydraulic conductivity of these soils reflected the flocculating power of the cations, compared to the control treatment of using CaCl2 solution. Clay dispersion was found to be highly correlated to CROSS rather than to SAR.

Keywordssodicity; soil structure; irrigation; potassium; cations
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020410604. Soil chemistry and soil carbon sequestration (excl. carbon sequestration science)
300201. Agricultural hydrology
400513. Water resources engineering
Public Notes

© 2010 by the Australian Society of Soil Science Incorporated. This publication is copyright. It may be reproduced in whole or in part for the purposes of study, research, or review, but is subject to the inclusion of an acknowledgment of the source.

Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Adelaide
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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