Behavioral characterization of electric vehicle charging loads in a distribution power grid through modeling of battery chargers

Article


Haidar, Ahmed M. A. and Muttaqi, Kashem M.. 2016. "Behavioral characterization of electric vehicle charging loads in a distribution power grid through modeling of battery chargers." IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications. 52 (1), pp. 483-492. https://doi.org/10.1109/TIA.2015.2483705
Article Title

Behavioral characterization of electric vehicle charging loads in a distribution power grid through modeling of battery chargers

ERA Journal ID4453
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsHaidar, Ahmed M. A. (Author) and Muttaqi, Kashem M. (Author)
Journal TitleIEEE Transactions on Industry Applications
Journal Citation52 (1), pp. 483-492
Number of Pages10
Year2016
PublisherIEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN0093-9994
1939-9367
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1109/TIA.2015.2483705
Abstract

The plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) is a new atypical load in power systems. In future, PEV load will play a significant role in the distribution grids. This integrated load into the power grid may overload the system components, increase power losses, and affect the voltage profile in the distribution systems. Currently, the constant power load model is most commonly used for the modeling of the electric vehicle (EV) load that considers the EV loads as constant power elements without considering the voltage dependence of the EV charging system. EV load demand cannot be considered as a constant power due to the fact that modeling as a constant power load will not provide accurate information about the behavior of the charging system during the charging process. In this paper, an accurate model representing the realistic behavior of EV load is developed which is based on the ZIP load model with the ZIP parameters established through the realistic EV load data. The proposed model can be used to analyze the true behavior of the EV charger integrated to an electricity grid and determine the impacts of EV charging load on the grid. A realistic charging system was used to test and capture the EV load behavior and extract the coefficients of the EV ZIP load model, which have been verified using computer simulations and laboratory experiments. Additionally, a comparative study between the proposed ZIP load model and the constant power load model was carried out, and the results were verified with the practical EV load data. The results confirm that EV represented using constant power load will not provide the true reflection of the EV load behavior and the EV impacts on the power grid.

Keywordsbattery charger, battery state of charge (SOC), electric vehicle (EV) load modeling, plug-in electric vehicle (PEV)
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020400899. Electrical engineering not elsewhere classified
Public Notes

© 2016 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.

Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Wollongong
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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