Effects of PEV penetration on voltage unbalance

Edited book (chapter)


Haidar, Ahmed M. A. and Muttaqi, Kashem M.. 2015. "Effects of PEV penetration on voltage unbalance." Rajakaruna, Sumedha , Shahnia, Farhad and Ghosh, Arindam (ed.) Plug in electric vehicles in smart grids . Singapore. Springer. pp. 279-307
Chapter Title

Effects of PEV penetration on voltage unbalance

Book Chapter CategoryEdited book (chapter)
ERA Publisher ID3337
Book TitlePlug in electric vehicles in smart grids
AuthorsHaidar, Ahmed M. A. (Author) and Muttaqi, Kashem M. (Author)
EditorsRajakaruna, Sumedha , Shahnia, Farhad and Ghosh, Arindam
Page Range279-307
SeriesPower Systems
Chapter Number10
Number of Pages29
Year2015
PublisherSpringer
Place of PublicationSingapore
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-299-9_10
Web Address (URL)http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-981-287-299-9_10
Abstract

Balancing loads in low voltage networks is a challenging task due to a continuous fluctuation in the power demand. Voltage unbalance is a condition in which the voltage phasors differ in amplitude and/or do not have its normal 120° phase relationship. This has a potential to introduce technical issues that lead to a costly phenomenon for power distribution system due to the high penetration of Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEVs). Voltage unbalance study is essential as the propagation of zero sequence component in the distribution system is limited by transformer winding connections and network grounding. Indeed, single phase loads are not affected by unbalance unless the unbalance causes over or under voltages which exceed the acceptable limits. However, the large numbers of PEVs charging from single phase residential feeders of distribution networks may exceed the statutory limits. This chapter presents theoretical discussion with analytical framework for modeling the effects of voltage unbalances due to PEV penetration. A PEV charging profile of a conventional PEV battery has been employed with the daily load demand to synthesize the dynamic effect of PEV penetration. A distribution network topology has been used with unbalanced allocation of single-phase loads and PEVs connected in four-wire, three phase network to investigate the effects of PEV charging on the feeders subject to voltage unbalance. Furthermore, the chapter explores the application of PEV load balancing strategy in the context of smart grid to mitigate the effects of unbalanced allocation of PEVs.

Keywordsplug-in electric vehicle; voltage unbalance factor; PEV load balancing; low voltage distribution
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020400899. Electrical engineering not elsewhere classified
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Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Wollongong
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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