Smart grid mechanism for green energy management: a comprehensive review

Article


Fakhar, Adila, Haidar, Ahmed M. A., Abdullah, M. O. and Das, Narottam. 2023. "Smart grid mechanism for green energy management: a comprehensive review." International Journal of Green Energy. 20 (3), pp. 284-308. https://doi.org/10.1080/15435075.2022.2038610
Article Title

Smart grid mechanism for green energy management: a comprehensive review

ERA Journal ID36521
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsFakhar, Adila (Author), Haidar, Ahmed M. A. (Author), Abdullah, M. O. (Author) and Das, Narottam (Author)
Journal TitleInternational Journal of Green Energy
Journal Citation20 (3), pp. 284-308
Number of Pages25
Year2023
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN1543-5075
1543-5083
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/15435075.2022.2038610
Web Address (URL)https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15435075.2022.2038610
Abstract

The smart grid is not a monolithic system, but rather is a collection of several renewable energy resources and enabling technologies in which, intelligent control is an integral part of its mechanism to improve the utilization of assets. The dynamic characteristics of a smart grid upgrade the conventional system requirements using advanced control strategies to provide continuous power to the load from intermittent renewable generation. The communication networks and control systems that enable the accommodation of distributed generation are crucial technologies in monitoring, protecting, and operating the smart grid in a centralized or decentralized manner. This paper improves the earlier published review articles by exploring the evolution of smart grids in light of renewable energy penetration with associated features. Then, the review gives an overview of notable research works in the literature aimed at developing the management and control of smart energy systems. The reader is provided with an in-depth analysis of advanced cloud computing, the internet of things, and blockchain technology with real examples for the related renewable energy projects in smart cities. Furthermore, a special interest has been paid to quantify the performance of communication technologies along with the protocols through the conceptual investigation obf real cases using the optimized network engineering tools. The outcomes of the presented review can assist researchers to understand the driving mechanism of smart grid as a route to intelligently utilize renewable energy storage. It is concluded that the amalgamation of blockchain and artificial intelligence for renewable energy management is the key area where the avenue is still open for future research studies.

KeywordsRenewable resources; green energy management; electric vehicle to grid; demand response; smart grid communication technologies
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020400804. Electrical energy storage
400808. Photovoltaic power systems
400803. Electrical energy generation (incl. renewables, excl. photovoltaics)
400805. Electrical energy transmission, networks and systems
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Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Malaysia, Sarawak, Malaysia
School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering
Central Queensland University
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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