Predicting the slow decline of root lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus thornei) during host-free fallow to improve farm management

Article


Whish, J. P. M., Thompson, J. P., Clewett, T. G., Wood, J. and Rostad, H. E.. 2017. "Predicting the slow decline of root lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus thornei) during host-free fallow to improve farm management." European Journal of Agronomy. 91, pp. 44-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2017.09.012
Article Title

Predicting the slow decline of root lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus thornei) during host-free fallow to improve farm management

ERA Journal ID5307
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsWhish, J. P. M. (Author), Thompson, J. P. (Author), Clewett, T. G. (Author), Wood, J. (Author) and Rostad, H. E. (Author)
Journal TitleEuropean Journal of Agronomy
Journal Citation91, pp. 44-53
Number of Pages10
Year2017
PublisherElsevier
Place of PublicationNetherlands
ISSN1161-0301
1873-7331
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2017.09.012
Web Address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1161030117301429
Abstract

Pratylenchus thornei is a major pathogen of cereal and legume crops around the world, especially in the northern grains region of eastern Australia. The dominance of host species within the rotation has seen soil pathogen population densities increase. Long weed-free fallows combined with sorghum production (non host crop) to reduce population densities has been successful. However, little is known about the rate of population decline during the fallow or how long this non–host period should continue in order to reduce the population below an accepted damage threshold. The rate of decline from a range of initial starting populations (high, medium, low and very low) were monitored over a 30 month weed free fallow. Fallows were initiated in November (late Spring) for three consecutive years. Nematode population densities and soil moisture were measured at eight depths down the soil profile to 1.5 m and used to describe the rate of population decline over time in each soil layer. Dynamic populations of P. thornei existed within the upper layers (<0.6 m)of the soil and these declined at a rate that could be described by the negative exponential model Y = ae−bt. The time taken for a population to decline was dependent on the initial population density at harvest of the previous host crop. Generally, between 300–600 days of host-free fallow was required to reduce a moderately high initial population of 80P. thornei/cm3 soil to the damage threshold of 2 P. thornei/cm3. The rate of decline varied between soil layers, particularly in the surface layer (0–0.15m), but remained constant from year to year for each layer. There was no interaction between year and soil layer. Knowing the expected rate of decline of a P. thornei population at the start of a fallow allows better management of the crop rotation to ensure populations do not continue to rise and thus reduce the yield potential of future crops.

Keywordsfarming systems; crop rotation; fallowing; Pratylenchus thornei; population mortality
Contains Sensitive ContentDoes not contain sensitive content
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020300409. Crop and pasture protection (incl. pests, diseases and weeds)
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Byline AffiliationsCommonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia
Centre for Crop Health
Department of Education, Queensland
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Funding source
Grant ID
GRDC
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Zwart, R. S., Thompson, J. P., Milgate, A. W., Bansal, U. K., Williamson, P. M., Raman, H. and Bariana, H. S.. 2010. "QTL mapping of multiple foliar disease and root-lesion nematode resistances in wheat." Molecular Breeding: new strategies in plant improvement. 26 (1), pp. 107-124. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11032-009-9381-9
Inheritance of resistance to root-lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus thornei and P. neglectus) in five doubled-haploid populations of wheat
Thompson, John P., Zwart, Rebecca S. and Butler, David. 2012. "Inheritance of resistance to root-lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus thornei and P. neglectus) in five doubled-haploid populations of wheat." Euphytica: international journal on plant breeding. 188 (2), pp. 209-219. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-012-0689-x
Crop rotation for the management of root-lesion nematodes in the northern grain region of Australia
Owen, K., Clewett, T. and Thompson, J.. 2008. "Crop rotation for the management of root-lesion nematodes in the northern grain region of Australia." Hodda, Mike (ed.) 5th International Congress of Nematology (5ICN 2008): Nematodes Down Under. Brisbane, Australia 13 - 18 Jul 2008 Canberra, Australia.
Survey for root-lesion and stunt nematodes in the northern Australian grain region
Thompson, J. P., Clewett, T. G., Reen, R. A., Sheedy, J. G. and O'Reilly, M. M.. 2008. "Survey for root-lesion and stunt nematodes in the northern Australian grain region." Hodda, Mike (ed.) 5th International Congress of Nematology (5ICN 2008): Nematodes Down Under. Brisbane, Australia 13 - 18 Jul 2008 Canberra, Australia.
Crop rotation to replace nematicide treatments for assessing chickpea varietal tolerance to Pratylenchus thornei
Reen, R. A., Clewett, T. G. and Thompson, J. P.. 2008. "Crop rotation to replace nematicide treatments for assessing chickpea varietal tolerance to Pratylenchus thornei." Hodda, Mike (ed.) 5th International Congress of Nematology (5ICN 2008): Nematodes Down Under. Brisbane, Australia 13 - 18 Jul 2008 Canberra, Australia.
Evaluating wheat for tolerance and resistance to root-lesion nematodes
Thompson, J. P., Clewett, T. G., Sheedy, J. G. and Seymour, N. P.. 2008. "Evaluating wheat for tolerance and resistance to root-lesion nematodes." Hodda, Mike (ed.) 5th International Congress of Nematology (5ICN 2008): Nematodes Down Under. Brisbane, Australia 13 - 18 Jul 2008 Canberra, Australia.
Resistance to the root-lesion nematode Pratylenchus thornei in wheat landraces and cultivars from the West Asia and North Africa (WANA) region
Thompson, J. P., O'Reilly, M. M. and Clewett, T. G.. 2009. "Resistance to the root-lesion nematode Pratylenchus thornei in wheat landraces and cultivars from the West Asia and North Africa (WANA) region." Crop and Pasture Science. 60 (12), pp. 1209-1217. https://doi.org/10.1071/CP09159
Root-lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus thornei and P. neglectus): a review of recent progress in managing a significant pest of grain crops in northern Australia
Thompson, J. P., Owen, K. J., Stirling, G. R. and Bell, M. J.. 2008. "Root-lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus thornei and P. neglectus): a review of recent progress in managing a significant pest of grain crops in northern Australia." Australasian Plant Pathology. 37 (3), pp. 235-242. https://doi.org/10.1071/AP08021
Inheritance of resistance to root-lesion nematode (Pratylenchus thornei) in wheat landraces and cultivars from the West Asia and North Africa (WANA) region
Thompson, J. P. and Seymour, N. P.. 2011. "Inheritance of resistance to root-lesion nematode (Pratylenchus thornei) in wheat landraces and cultivars from the West Asia and North Africa (WANA) region." Crop and Pasture Science. 62 (1), pp. 82-93. https://doi.org/10.1071/CP10309
Stunted cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) fully recovers biomass and yield of seed cotton after delayed root inoculation with spores of an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (Glomus mosseae)
Thompson, J. P., Seymour, N. P. and Clewett, T. G.. 2012. "Stunted cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) fully recovers biomass and yield of seed cotton after delayed root inoculation with spores of an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (Glomus mosseae)." Australasian Plant Pathology. 41 (4), pp. 431-437. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13313-012-0137-3
Root-lesion nematode (Pratylenchus thornei) reduces nutrient response, biomass and yield of wheat in sorghum-fallow-wheat cropping systems in a subtropical environment
Thompson, J. P., Mackenzie, J. and Sheedy, G. H.. 2012. "Root-lesion nematode (Pratylenchus thornei) reduces nutrient response, biomass and yield of wheat in sorghum-fallow-wheat cropping systems in a subtropical environment." Field Crops Research. 137, pp. 126-140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2012.08.011
Pratylenchus thornei populations reduce water uptake in intolerant wheat cultivars
Whish, J. P. M., Thompson, J. P., Clewett, T. G., Lawrence, J. L. and Wood, J.. 2014. "Pratylenchus thornei populations reduce water uptake in intolerant wheat cultivars." Field Crops Research. 161, pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2014.02.002
Pre-cropping with canola decreased Pratylenchus thornei populations, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, and yield of wheat
Owen, K. J., Clewett, T. G. and Thompson, J. P.. 2010. "Pre-cropping with canola decreased Pratylenchus thornei populations, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, and yield of wheat." Crop and Pasture Science. 61 (5), pp. 399-410. https://doi.org/10.1071/CP09345
Detection of Polymyxa graminis in a barley crop in Australia
Thompson, J. P., Clewett, T. G., Jennings, R. E., Sheedy, J. G., Owen, K. J. and Persley, D. M.. 2011. "Detection of Polymyxa graminis in a barley crop in Australia." Australasian Plant Pathology. 40 (1), pp. 66-75. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13313-010-0015-9
Hybridisation of Australian chickpea cultivars with wild Cicer spp. increases resistance to root-lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus thornei and P. neglectus)
Thompson, John P., Reen, Roslyn A., Clewett, Timothy G., Sheedy, Jason G., Kelly, Alison M., Gogel, Beverley J. and Knights, Edward J.. 2011. "Hybridisation of Australian chickpea cultivars with wild Cicer spp. increases resistance to root-lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus thornei and P. neglectus)." Australasian Plant Pathology. 40 (6), pp. 601-611. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13313-011-0089-z
First record of stubby-root nematode (Paratrichodorus porosus) associated with barley in Australia
Sheedy, J. G., Clewett, T. G., Hodda, M. and Thompson, J. P.. 2010. "First record of stubby-root nematode (Paratrichodorus porosus) associated with barley in Australia." Australasian Plant Disease Notes. 5 (1), pp. 66-69. https://doi.org/10.1071/DN10024
Occurrence of root-lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus thornei and P. neglectus) and stunt nematode (Merlinius brevidens) in the northern grain region of Australia
Thompson, J. P., Clewett, T. G., Sheedy, J. G., Reen, R. A., O'Reilly, M. M. and Bell, K. L.. 2010. "Occurrence of root-lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus thornei and P. neglectus) and stunt nematode (Merlinius brevidens) in the northern grain region of Australia." Australasian Plant Pathology. 39 (3), pp. 254-264. https://doi.org/10.1071/AP09094
Resistance to the root-lesion nematode Pratylenchus thornei of Iranian landrace wheat
Sheedy, J. G. and Thompson, J. P.. 2009. "Resistance to the root-lesion nematode Pratylenchus thornei of Iranian landrace wheat." Australasian Plant Pathology. 38 (5), pp. 478-489. https://doi.org/10.1071/AP09030
Diploid and tetraploid progenitors of wheat are valuable sources of resistance to the root lesion nematode Pratylenchus thornei
Sheedy, J. G., Thompson, J. P. and Kelly, A.. 2012. "Diploid and tetraploid progenitors of wheat are valuable sources of resistance to the root lesion nematode Pratylenchus thornei." Euphytica: international journal on plant breeding. 186 (2), pp. 377-391. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-011-0617-5
Mapping quantitative trait loci for resistance to Pratylenchus thornei from synthetic hexaploid wheat in the International Triticeae Mapping Initiative (ITMI) population
Zwart, R. S., Thompson, J. P., Sheedy, J. G. and Nelson, J.. 2006. "Mapping quantitative trait loci for resistance to Pratylenchus thornei from synthetic hexaploid wheat in the International Triticeae Mapping Initiative (ITMI) population." Australian Journal of Agricultural Research. 57 (5), pp. 525-530. https://doi.org/10.1071/AR05177
Identification of quantitative trait loci for resistance to two species of root-lesion nematode (Pratylenchus thornei and P. neglectus) in wheat
Zwart, R. S., Thompson, J. P. and Godwin, I. D.. 2005. "Identification of quantitative trait loci for resistance to two species of root-lesion nematode (Pratylenchus thornei and P. neglectus) in wheat ." Australian Journal of Agricultural Research. 56 (4), pp. 345-352. https://doi.org/10.1071/AR04223
Genetic analysis of resistance to root-lesion nematode (Pratylenchusthornei) in wheat
Zwart, R. S., Thompson, J. P. and Godwin, I. D.. 2004. "Genetic analysis of resistance to root-lesion nematode (Pratylenchusthornei) in wheat." Plant Breeding. 123 (3), pp. 209-212. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0523.2004.00986.x