Cereal and Pulse Crops with Improved Resistance to Pratylenchus thornei Are Needed to Maximize Wheat Production and Expand Crop Sequence Options

Article


Owen, Kirsty J., Clewett, Timothy G., Bell, Kerry L. and Thompson, John P. 2022. "Cereal and Pulse Crops with Improved Resistance to Pratylenchus thornei Are Needed to Maximize Wheat Production and Expand Crop Sequence Options." Agronomy. 12 (3), pp. 1-16. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy12030573
Article Title

Cereal and Pulse Crops with Improved Resistance to Pratylenchus thornei Are Needed to Maximize Wheat Production and Expand Crop Sequence Options

ERA Journal ID200126
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsOwen, Kirsty J. (Author), Clewett, Timothy G. (Author), Bell, Kerry L. (Author) and Thompson, John P (Author)
Journal TitleAgronomy
Journal Citation12 (3), pp. 1-16
Article Number537
Number of Pages16
Year2022
PublisherMDPI AG
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
ISSN2073-4395
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy12030573
Web Address (URL)https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4395/12/3/573
Abstract

In the subtropical grain region of eastern Australia, two experiments were conducted, one initially with 2490 P. thornei/kg soil, the other with 8150 P. thornei/kg soil at 0–0.9 m soil depth. We determined the effect of P. thornei, residual from a weed-free fallow and pre-cropping with several cultivars each of barley (Hordeum vulgare), faba bean (Vicia faba), chickpea (Cicer arietinum), and wheat (Triticum aestivum) (Phase 1), on the growth of wheat cultivars with intolerance or tolerance to P. thornei (Phase 2). Pratylenchus thornei substantially increased after growing all cultivars of the Phase 1 faba bean, barley, and most cultivars of chickpea and wheat, and decreased after two moderately resistant wheat cultivars and the fallow treatment. The biomass of the Phase 2 tolerant cultivar ranged from 5070 to 6780 kg/ha and the intolerant cultivar 1020 to 4740 kg/ha. There was a negative linear relationship between P. thornei population densities and biomass of the Phase 2 intolerant cultivar but not of the tolerant cultivar. Growers are at risk of financial loss because they are restricted in their choice of crops to reduce damaging population densities of P. thornei. The development of resistant and tolerant crop genotypes can maximize production in P. thornei-affected farming systems.

KeywordsBarley; Chickpea; Faba bean; Root-lesion nematode; Triticum aestivum; Weed-free fallow
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020300409. Crop and pasture protection (incl. pests, diseases and weeds)
Byline AffiliationsCentre for Crop Health
Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Queensland
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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Crop rotation to replace nematicide treatments for assessing chickpea varietal tolerance to Pratylenchus thornei
Reen, R. A., Clewett, T. G. and Thompson, J. P.. 2008. "Crop rotation to replace nematicide treatments for assessing chickpea varietal tolerance to Pratylenchus thornei." Hodda, Mike (ed.) 5th International Congress of Nematology (5ICN 2008): Nematodes Down Under. Brisbane, Australia 13 - 18 Jul 2008 Canberra, Australia.
Evaluating wheat for tolerance and resistance to root-lesion nematodes
Thompson, J. P., Clewett, T. G., Sheedy, J. G. and Seymour, N. P.. 2008. "Evaluating wheat for tolerance and resistance to root-lesion nematodes." Hodda, Mike (ed.) 5th International Congress of Nematology (5ICN 2008): Nematodes Down Under. Brisbane, Australia 13 - 18 Jul 2008 Canberra, Australia.
Resistance to the root-lesion nematode Pratylenchus thornei in wheat landraces and cultivars from the West Asia and North Africa (WANA) region
Thompson, J. P., O'Reilly, M. M. and Clewett, T. G.. 2009. "Resistance to the root-lesion nematode Pratylenchus thornei in wheat landraces and cultivars from the West Asia and North Africa (WANA) region." Crop and Pasture Science. 60 (12), pp. 1209-1217. https://doi.org/10.1071/CP09159
Root-lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus thornei and P. neglectus): a review of recent progress in managing a significant pest of grain crops in northern Australia
Thompson, J. P., Owen, K. J., Stirling, G. R. and Bell, M. J.. 2008. "Root-lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus thornei and P. neglectus): a review of recent progress in managing a significant pest of grain crops in northern Australia." Australasian Plant Pathology. 37 (3), pp. 235-242. https://doi.org/10.1071/AP08021
Resistance to root-lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus thornei and P. neglectus) in synthetic hexaploid wheats and their durum and Aegilops tauschii parents
Thompson, J. P.. 2008. "Resistance to root-lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus thornei and P. neglectus) in synthetic hexaploid wheats and their durum and Aegilops tauschii parents." Australian Journal of Agricultural Research. 59 (5), pp. 432-446. https://doi.org/10.1071/AR07222
Inheritance of resistance to root-lesion nematode (Pratylenchus thornei) in wheat landraces and cultivars from the West Asia and North Africa (WANA) region
Thompson, J. P. and Seymour, N. P.. 2011. "Inheritance of resistance to root-lesion nematode (Pratylenchus thornei) in wheat landraces and cultivars from the West Asia and North Africa (WANA) region." Crop and Pasture Science. 62 (1), pp. 82-93. https://doi.org/10.1071/CP10309
Stunted cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) fully recovers biomass and yield of seed cotton after delayed root inoculation with spores of an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (Glomus mosseae)
Thompson, J. P., Seymour, N. P. and Clewett, T. G.. 2012. "Stunted cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) fully recovers biomass and yield of seed cotton after delayed root inoculation with spores of an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (Glomus mosseae)." Australasian Plant Pathology. 41 (4), pp. 431-437. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13313-012-0137-3
Root-lesion nematode (Pratylenchus thornei) reduces nutrient response, biomass and yield of wheat in sorghum-fallow-wheat cropping systems in a subtropical environment
Thompson, J. P., Mackenzie, J. and Sheedy, G. H.. 2012. "Root-lesion nematode (Pratylenchus thornei) reduces nutrient response, biomass and yield of wheat in sorghum-fallow-wheat cropping systems in a subtropical environment." Field Crops Research. 137, pp. 126-140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2012.08.011
Field inoculation with arbuscular-mycorrhizal fungi overcomes phosphorus and zinc deficiencies of linseed (Linum usitatissimum) in a vertisol subject to long-fallow disorder
Thompson, J. P., Clewett, T. G. and Fiske, M. L.. 2013. "Field inoculation with arbuscular-mycorrhizal fungi overcomes phosphorus and zinc deficiencies of linseed (Linum usitatissimum) in a vertisol subject to long-fallow disorder." Plant and Soil: international journal on plant-soil relationships. 371 (1-2), pp. 117-137. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-013-1679-z
Pratylenchus thornei populations reduce water uptake in intolerant wheat cultivars
Whish, J. P. M., Thompson, J. P., Clewett, T. G., Lawrence, J. L. and Wood, J.. 2014. "Pratylenchus thornei populations reduce water uptake in intolerant wheat cultivars." Field Crops Research. 161, pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2014.02.002
Pre-cropping with canola decreased Pratylenchus thornei populations, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, and yield of wheat
Owen, K. J., Clewett, T. G. and Thompson, J. P.. 2010. "Pre-cropping with canola decreased Pratylenchus thornei populations, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, and yield of wheat." Crop and Pasture Science. 61 (5), pp. 399-410. https://doi.org/10.1071/CP09345
Detection of Polymyxa graminis in a barley crop in Australia
Thompson, J. P., Clewett, T. G., Jennings, R. E., Sheedy, J. G., Owen, K. J. and Persley, D. M.. 2011. "Detection of Polymyxa graminis in a barley crop in Australia." Australasian Plant Pathology. 40 (1), pp. 66-75. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13313-010-0015-9
Hybridisation of Australian chickpea cultivars with wild Cicer spp. increases resistance to root-lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus thornei and P. neglectus)
Thompson, John P., Reen, Roslyn A., Clewett, Timothy G., Sheedy, Jason G., Kelly, Alison M., Gogel, Beverley J. and Knights, Edward J.. 2011. "Hybridisation of Australian chickpea cultivars with wild Cicer spp. increases resistance to root-lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus thornei and P. neglectus)." Australasian Plant Pathology. 40 (6), pp. 601-611. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13313-011-0089-z
First record of stubby-root nematode (Paratrichodorus porosus) associated with barley in Australia
Sheedy, J. G., Clewett, T. G., Hodda, M. and Thompson, J. P.. 2010. "First record of stubby-root nematode (Paratrichodorus porosus) associated with barley in Australia." Australasian Plant Disease Notes. 5 (1), pp. 66-69. https://doi.org/10.1071/DN10024
Occurrence of root-lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus thornei and P. neglectus) and stunt nematode (Merlinius brevidens) in the northern grain region of Australia
Thompson, J. P., Clewett, T. G., Sheedy, J. G., Reen, R. A., O'Reilly, M. M. and Bell, K. L.. 2010. "Occurrence of root-lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus thornei and P. neglectus) and stunt nematode (Merlinius brevidens) in the northern grain region of Australia." Australasian Plant Pathology. 39 (3), pp. 254-264. https://doi.org/10.1071/AP09094
Resistance to the root-lesion nematode Pratylenchus thornei of Iranian landrace wheat
Sheedy, J. G. and Thompson, J. P.. 2009. "Resistance to the root-lesion nematode Pratylenchus thornei of Iranian landrace wheat." Australasian Plant Pathology. 38 (5), pp. 478-489. https://doi.org/10.1071/AP09030
Diploid and tetraploid progenitors of wheat are valuable sources of resistance to the root lesion nematode Pratylenchus thornei
Sheedy, J. G., Thompson, J. P. and Kelly, A.. 2012. "Diploid and tetraploid progenitors of wheat are valuable sources of resistance to the root lesion nematode Pratylenchus thornei." Euphytica: international journal on plant breeding. 186 (2), pp. 377-391. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-011-0617-5
Mapping quantitative trait loci for resistance to Pratylenchus thornei from synthetic hexaploid wheat in the International Triticeae Mapping Initiative (ITMI) population
Zwart, R. S., Thompson, J. P., Sheedy, J. G. and Nelson, J.. 2006. "Mapping quantitative trait loci for resistance to Pratylenchus thornei from synthetic hexaploid wheat in the International Triticeae Mapping Initiative (ITMI) population." Australian Journal of Agricultural Research. 57 (5), pp. 525-530. https://doi.org/10.1071/AR05177
Identification of quantitative trait loci for resistance to two species of root-lesion nematode (Pratylenchus thornei and P. neglectus) in wheat
Zwart, R. S., Thompson, J. P. and Godwin, I. D.. 2005. "Identification of quantitative trait loci for resistance to two species of root-lesion nematode (Pratylenchus thornei and P. neglectus) in wheat ." Australian Journal of Agricultural Research. 56 (4), pp. 345-352. https://doi.org/10.1071/AR04223
Genetic analysis of resistance to root-lesion nematode (Pratylenchusthornei) in wheat
Zwart, R. S., Thompson, J. P. and Godwin, I. D.. 2004. "Genetic analysis of resistance to root-lesion nematode (Pratylenchusthornei) in wheat." Plant Breeding. 123 (3), pp. 209-212. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0523.2004.00986.x
A benzothiadiazole applied to foliage reduces development and egg deposition by Meloidogyne spp. in glasshouse-grown grapevine roots
Owen, K. J., Green, C.D. and Deverall, B.J.. 2002. "A benzothiadiazole applied to foliage reduces development and egg deposition by Meloidogyne spp. in glasshouse-grown grapevine roots ." Australasian Plant Pathology. 31 (1), pp. 47-53. https://doi.org/10.1071/AP01068