9-Fluorenone and 9,10-anthraquinone potential fused aromatic building blocks to synthesize electron acceptors for organic solar cells

Article


Do, Thu Trang, Rundel, Kira, Gu, Qinying, Gann, Eliot, Manzhos, Sergei, Feron, Krishna, Bell, John, McNeill, Christopher R and Sonar, Prashant. 2017. "9-Fluorenone and 9,10-anthraquinone potential fused aromatic building blocks to synthesize electron acceptors for organic solar cells." New Journal of Chemistry: a journal for new directions in chemistry. 41 (8), pp. 2899-2909. https://doi.org/10.1039/c6nj03938c
Article Title

9-Fluorenone and 9,10-anthraquinone potential fused aromatic building blocks to synthesize electron acceptors for organic solar cells

ERA Journal ID1370
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsDo, Thu Trang (Author), Rundel, Kira (Author), Gu, Qinying (Author), Gann, Eliot (Author), Manzhos, Sergei (Author), Feron, Krishna (Author), Bell, John (Author), McNeill, Christopher R (Author) and Sonar, Prashant (Author)
Journal TitleNew Journal of Chemistry: a journal for new directions in chemistry
Journal Citation41 (8), pp. 2899-2909
Number of Pages11
Year2017
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN1144-0546
1369-9261
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1039/c6nj03938c
Web Address (URL)https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2017/nj/c6nj03938c#!divAbstract
Abstract

In this work, for the first time we used two novel fused aromatic conjugated electron withdrawing moieties 9-fluorenone and 9,10-anthraquinone, respectively, to design two non-fullerene acceptors and evaluated their viability in solution-processable organic solar cells (OSCs). 9-Fluorenone and 9,10-anthraquinone were used as core electron withdrawing blocks in combination with another common strong electron accepting diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) end-capping group. The compounds 6,6′-(5,5′-(9-oxo-9H-fluorene-2,7-diyl)bis(thiophene-5,2-diyl))bis(2,5-bis(2-butyloctyl)-3-(thiophen-2-yl)pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-1,4(2H,5H)-dione) (DPP-FN-DPP) and 6,6′-(5,5′-(9,10-dioxo-9,10-dihydroanthracene-2,6-diyl)bis(thiophene-5,2-diyl))bis(2,5-bis(2-butyloctyl)-3-(thiophen-2-yl)pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-1,4(2H,5H)-dione) (DPP-ANQ-DPP) were synthesized via a Suzuki coupling reaction and characterized completely. The new acceptors exhibit good solubility in common organic solvents and good thermal stability with 5% weight loss above 360 °C. DPP-FN-DPP and DPP-ANQ-DPP possess a broad absorption band at 300–700 nm with optical band-gaps of 1.75 and 1.71 eV, respectively. The use of different core acceptor building blocks resulted in a difference in LUMO and HOMO energy levels. Inverted OSC devices employing P3HT as the donor polymer and DPP-FN-DPP and DPP-ANQ-DPP as acceptors yielded quite high open-circuit voltages (VOC) of 0.85–0.98 V, benefiting from the relatively low-lying LUMO energy levels of the two acceptors. Among both, OSC devices based on DPP-FN-DPP as acceptor exhibits the highest performance with a VOC of 0.97 V, a short-circuit current density (JSC) of 3.2 mA cm−2, a fill factor (FF) of 37%, and an overall power conversion efficiency of 1.2%.

Keywordsnon-fullerene acceptors; low-band-gap; open-circuit voltage; photovoltaic properties; small molecules; charge-transport; perylene-diimide; polymer; diketopyrrolopyrrole; donor
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020349999. Other chemical sciences not elsewhere classified
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Byline AffiliationsQueensland University of Technology
Monash University
National University of Singapore
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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Do, Thu-Trang, Matsuki, Keiichiro, Sakanoue, Tomo, Wong, Fu-Lung, Manzhos, Sergei, Lee, Chun-Sing, Bell, John, Takenobu, Taishi and Sonar, Prashant. 2019. "Indenofluorene-based-copolymers: Influence of electron-deficient benzothiadiazole (BT) and benzooxadiazole (BO) moieties on light emitting devices." Organic Electronics. 70, pp. 14-24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orgel.2019.03.050
Microstructure and mechanical properties of titanium/steel bimetallic joints
Chu, Qiaoling, Bai, Ruixiang, Zhang, Min, Li, Jihong, Lei, Zhenkun, Hu, Ning, Bell, John M and Yan, Cheng. 2017. "Microstructure and mechanical properties of titanium/steel bimetallic joints." Materials Characterization. 132, pp. 330-337. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchar.2017.08.025
Correction: Naphthalene flanked diketopyrrolopyrrole based organic semiconductors for high performance organic field effect transistors (New Journal of Chemistry (2018) 42 (12374–12385) DOI: 10.1039/C8NJ01453A)
Liu, Qian, Sun, Huabin, Blaikie, Chula, Caporale, Chiara, Manzhos, Sergei, Feron, Krishna, MacLeod, Jennifer M., Massi, Massimiliano, Bottle, Steven E., Bell, John, Noh, Yong-Young and Sonar, Prashant. 2018. "Correction: Naphthalene flanked diketopyrrolopyrrole based organic semiconductors for high performance organic field effect transistors (New Journal of Chemistry (2018) 42 (12374–12385) DOI: 10.1039/C8NJ01453A)." New Journal of Chemistry: a journal for new directions in chemistry. 42 (19), p. 16384. https://doi.org/10.1039/C8NJ90083C
Benefit assessment of battery plus solar for customers and the grid
Boulaire, Fanny, Narimani, Afsaneh, Bell, John, Drogemuller, Robin, Vine, Desley, Buys, Laurie and Walker, Geoffrey. 2019. "Benefit assessment of battery plus solar for customers and the grid." Energy Strategy Reviews. 26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esr.2019.100372
Atypical defect motions in brittle layered sodium titanate nanowires
Bo, Arixin, Chen, Kai, Pickering, Edmund, Zhan, Haifei, Bell, John, Du, Aijun, Zhang, Yongqiang, Wang, Xiaoguang, Zhu, Huaiyong, Shan, Zhiwei and Gu, Yuantong. 2018. "Atypical defect motions in brittle layered sodium titanate nanowires." Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters. 9 (20), pp. 6052-6059. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.8b02349
Building energy optimisation under uncertainty using ACOMV algorithm
Bamdad, Keivan, Cholette, Michael E, Guan, Lisa and Bell, John. 2018. "Building energy optimisation under uncertainty using ACOMV algorithm." Energy and Buildings. 167, pp. 322-333. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2018.02.053
Ant colony algorithm for building energy optimisation problems and comparison with benchmark algorithms
Bamdad, Keivan, Cholette, Michael E, Guan, Lisa and Bell, John. 2017. "Ant colony algorithm for building energy optimisation problems and comparison with benchmark algorithms." Energy and Buildings. 154, pp. 404-414. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2017.08.071
Low hysteresis perovskite solar cells using an electron-beam evaporated WO3-x thin film as the electron transport layer
Ali, Fawad, Pham, Ngoc Duy, Fan, Lijuan, Tiong, Vincent, Ostrikov, Ken, Bell, John M., Wang, Hongxia and Tesfamichael, Tuquabo. 2019. "Low hysteresis perovskite solar cells using an electron-beam evaporated WO3-x thin film as the electron transport layer." ACS Applied Energy Materials. 2 (8), pp. 5456-5464. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsaem.9b00547
Tuning the amount of oxygen vacancies in sputter-deposited SnOx films for enhancing the performance of perovskite solar cells
Ali, Fawad, Pham, Ngoc Duy, Bradford, H. Jonathan, Khoshsirat, Nima, Ostrikov, Ken, Bell, John M, Wang, Hongxia and Tesfamichael, Tuquabo. 2018. "Tuning the amount of oxygen vacancies in sputter-deposited SnOx films for enhancing the performance of perovskite solar cells." ChemSusChem: chemistry and sustainability, energy and materials. 11 (18), pp. 3096-3103. https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.201801541
Stretchable respiration sensors: Advanced designs and multifunctional platforms for wearable physiological monitoring
Dinh, Toan, Nguyen, Thanh, Phan, Hoang-Phuong, Nguyen, Nam-Trung, Dao, Dzung Viet and Bell, John. 2020. "Stretchable respiration sensors: Advanced designs and multifunctional platforms for wearable physiological monitoring." Biosensors and Bioelectronics. 166. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2020.112460
Investigation on Temperature-Dependent Electrical Conductivity of Carbon Nanotube/Epoxy Composites for Sustainable Energy Applications
Njuguna, Michael K., Galpaya, Dilini, Yan, Cheng, Colwell, Colwell, Will, Geoffrey, Hu, Ning, Yarlagadda, Prasad and Bell, John M.. 2015. "Investigation on Temperature-Dependent Electrical Conductivity of Carbon Nanotube/Epoxy Composites for Sustainable Energy Applications." Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. 15 (9), pp. 6957-6964. https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2015.10514
Ethanol sensitivity of thermally evaporated nanostructured WO3 thin films doped and implanted with Fe
Ahsan, M., Ahmad, M. Z., Tesfamichael, T., Bell, J. and Yarlagadda, Prasad K. D. V.. 2013. "Ethanol sensitivity of thermally evaporated nanostructured WO3 thin films doped and implanted with Fe." 2nd International Conference on Measurement, Instrumentation and Automation (ICMIA 2013). China 23 - 24 Apr 2013 Scientific.Net. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.333-335.1938